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tif_predict.c

/* $Id: tif_predict.c,v 1.11 2006/03/03 14:10:09 dron Exp $ */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1988-1997 Sam Leffler
 * Copyright (c) 1991-1997 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and 
 * its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided
 * that (i) the above copyright notices and this permission notice appear in
 * all copies of the software and related documentation, and (ii) the names of
 * Sam Leffler and Silicon Graphics may not be used in any advertising or
 * publicity relating to the software without the specific, prior written
 * permission of Sam Leffler and Silicon Graphics.
 * 
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS-IS" AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, 
 * EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY 
 * WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  
 * 
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL SAM LEFFLER OR SILICON GRAPHICS BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND,
 * OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS,
 * WHETHER OR NOT ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGE, AND ON ANY THEORY OF 
 * LIABILITY, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE 
 * OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */

/*
 * TIFF Library.
 *
 * Predictor Tag Support (used by multiple codecs).
 */
#include "tiffiop.h"
#include "tif_predict.h"

#define     PredictorState(tif)     ((TIFFPredictorState*) (tif)->tif_data)

static      void horAcc8(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void horAcc16(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void swabHorAcc16(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void horDiff8(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void horDiff16(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void fpAcc(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      void fpDiff(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t);
static      int PredictorDecodeRow(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t, tsample_t);
static      int PredictorDecodeTile(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t, tsample_t);
static      int PredictorEncodeRow(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t, tsample_t);
static      int PredictorEncodeTile(TIFF*, tidata_t, tsize_t, tsample_t);

static int
PredictorSetup(TIFF* tif)
{
      static const char module[] = "PredictorSetup";

      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);
      TIFFDirectory* td = &tif->tif_dir;

      switch (sp->predictor)        /* no differencing */
      {
            case PREDICTOR_NONE:
                  return 1;
            case PREDICTOR_HORIZONTAL:
                  if (td->td_bitspersample != 8
                      && td->td_bitspersample != 16) {
                        TIFFErrorExt(tif->tif_clientdata, module,
    "Horizontal differencing \"Predictor\" not supported with %d-bit samples",
                                td->td_bitspersample);
                        return 0;
                  }
                  break;
            case PREDICTOR_FLOATINGPOINT:
                  if (td->td_sampleformat != SAMPLEFORMAT_IEEEFP) {
                        TIFFErrorExt(tif->tif_clientdata, module,
      "Floating point \"Predictor\" not supported with %d data format",
                                td->td_sampleformat);
                        return 0;
                  }
                  break;
            default:
                  TIFFErrorExt(tif->tif_clientdata, module,
                          "\"Predictor\" value %d not supported",
                          sp->predictor);
                  return 0;
      }
      sp->stride = (td->td_planarconfig == PLANARCONFIG_CONTIG ?
          td->td_samplesperpixel : 1);
      /*
       * Calculate the scanline/tile-width size in bytes.
       */
      if (isTiled(tif))
            sp->rowsize = TIFFTileRowSize(tif);
      else
            sp->rowsize = TIFFScanlineSize(tif);

      return 1;
}

static int
PredictorSetupDecode(TIFF* tif)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);
      TIFFDirectory* td = &tif->tif_dir;

      if (!(*sp->setupdecode)(tif) || !PredictorSetup(tif))
            return 0;

      if (sp->predictor == 2) {
            switch (td->td_bitspersample) {
                  case 8:  sp->pfunc = horAcc8; break;
                  case 16: sp->pfunc = horAcc16; break;
            }
            /*
             * Override default decoding method with one that does the
             * predictor stuff.
             */
            sp->coderow = tif->tif_decoderow;
            tif->tif_decoderow = PredictorDecodeRow;
            sp->codestrip = tif->tif_decodestrip;
            tif->tif_decodestrip = PredictorDecodeTile;
            sp->codetile = tif->tif_decodetile;
            tif->tif_decodetile = PredictorDecodeTile;
            /*
             * If the data is horizontally differenced 16-bit data that
             * requires byte-swapping, then it must be byte swapped before
             * the accumulation step.  We do this with a special-purpose
             * routine and override the normal post decoding logic that
             * the library setup when the directory was read.
             */
            if (tif->tif_flags & TIFF_SWAB) {
                  if (sp->pfunc == horAcc16) {
                        sp->pfunc = swabHorAcc16;
                        tif->tif_postdecode = _TIFFNoPostDecode;
                  } /* else handle 32-bit case... */
            }
      }

      else if (sp->predictor == 3) {
            sp->pfunc = fpAcc;
            /*
             * Override default decoding method with one that does the
             * predictor stuff.
             */
            sp->coderow = tif->tif_decoderow;
            tif->tif_decoderow = PredictorDecodeRow;
            sp->codestrip = tif->tif_decodestrip;
            tif->tif_decodestrip = PredictorDecodeTile;
            sp->codetile = tif->tif_decodetile;
            tif->tif_decodetile = PredictorDecodeTile;
            /*
             * The data should not be swapped outside of the floating
             * point predictor, the accumulation routine should return
             * byres in the native order.
             */
            if (tif->tif_flags & TIFF_SWAB) {
                  tif->tif_postdecode = _TIFFNoPostDecode;
            }
            /*
             * Allocate buffer to keep the decoded bytes before
             * rearranging in the ight order
             */
      }

      return 1;
}

static int
PredictorSetupEncode(TIFF* tif)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);
      TIFFDirectory* td = &tif->tif_dir;

      if (!(*sp->setupencode)(tif) || !PredictorSetup(tif))
            return 0;

      if (sp->predictor == 2) {
            switch (td->td_bitspersample) {
                  case 8:  sp->pfunc = horDiff8; break;
                  case 16: sp->pfunc = horDiff16; break;
            }
            /*
             * Override default encoding method with one that does the
             * predictor stuff.
             */
            sp->coderow = tif->tif_encoderow;
            tif->tif_encoderow = PredictorEncodeRow;
            sp->codestrip = tif->tif_encodestrip;
            tif->tif_encodestrip = PredictorEncodeTile;
            sp->codetile = tif->tif_encodetile;
            tif->tif_encodetile = PredictorEncodeTile;
      }
      
      else if (sp->predictor == 3) {
            sp->pfunc = fpDiff;
            /*
             * Override default encoding method with one that does the
             * predictor stuff.
             */
            sp->coderow = tif->tif_encoderow;
            tif->tif_encoderow = PredictorEncodeRow;
            sp->codestrip = tif->tif_encodestrip;
            tif->tif_encodestrip = PredictorEncodeTile;
            sp->codetile = tif->tif_encodetile;
            tif->tif_encodetile = PredictorEncodeTile;
      }

      return 1;
}

#define REPEAT4(n, op)        \
    switch (n) {        \
    default: { int i; for (i = n-4; i > 0; i--) { op; } } \
    case 4:  op;        \
    case 3:  op;        \
    case 2:  op;        \
    case 1:  op;        \
    case 0:  ;                \
    }

static void
horAcc8(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      tsize_t stride = PredictorState(tif)->stride;

      char* cp = (char*) cp0;
      if (cc > stride) {
            cc -= stride;
            /*
             * Pipeline the most common cases.
             */
            if (stride == 3)  {
                  unsigned int cr = cp[0];
                  unsigned int cg = cp[1];
                  unsigned int cb = cp[2];
                  do {
                        cc -= 3, cp += 3;
                        cp[0] = (char) (cr += cp[0]);
                        cp[1] = (char) (cg += cp[1]);
                        cp[2] = (char) (cb += cp[2]);
                  } while ((int32) cc > 0);
            } else if (stride == 4)  {
                  unsigned int cr = cp[0];
                  unsigned int cg = cp[1];
                  unsigned int cb = cp[2];
                  unsigned int ca = cp[3];
                  do {
                        cc -= 4, cp += 4;
                        cp[0] = (char) (cr += cp[0]);
                        cp[1] = (char) (cg += cp[1]);
                        cp[2] = (char) (cb += cp[2]);
                        cp[3] = (char) (ca += cp[3]);
                  } while ((int32) cc > 0);
            } else  {
                  do {
                        REPEAT4(stride, cp[stride] =
                              (char) (cp[stride] + *cp); cp++)
                        cc -= stride;
                  } while ((int32) cc > 0);
            }
      }
}

static void
swabHorAcc16(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      tsize_t stride = PredictorState(tif)->stride;
      uint16* wp = (uint16*) cp0;
      tsize_t wc = cc / 2;

      if (wc > stride) {
            TIFFSwabArrayOfShort(wp, wc);
            wc -= stride;
            do {
                  REPEAT4(stride, wp[stride] += wp[0]; wp++)
                  wc -= stride;
            } while ((int32) wc > 0);
      }
}

static void
horAcc16(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      tsize_t stride = PredictorState(tif)->stride;
      uint16* wp = (uint16*) cp0;
      tsize_t wc = cc / 2;

      if (wc > stride) {
            wc -= stride;
            do {
                  REPEAT4(stride, wp[stride] += wp[0]; wp++)
                  wc -= stride;
            } while ((int32) wc > 0);
      }
}

/*
 * Floating point predictor accumulation routine.
 */
static void
fpAcc(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      tsize_t stride = PredictorState(tif)->stride;
      uint32 bps = tif->tif_dir.td_bitspersample / 8;
      tsize_t wc = cc / bps;
      tsize_t count = cc;
      uint8 *cp = (uint8 *) cp0;
      uint8 *tmp = (uint8 *)_TIFFmalloc(cc);

      if (!tmp)
            return;

      while (count > stride) {
            REPEAT4(stride, cp[stride] += cp[0]; cp++)
            count -= stride;
      }

      _TIFFmemcpy(tmp, cp0, cc);
      cp = (uint8 *) cp0;
      for (count = 0; count < wc; count++) {
            uint32 byte;
            for (byte = 0; byte < bps; byte++) {
#if WORDS_BIGENDIAN
                  cp[bps * count + byte] = tmp[byte * wc + count];
#else
                  cp[bps * count + byte] =
                        tmp[(bps - byte - 1) * wc + count];
#endif
            }
      }
      _TIFFfree(tmp);
}

/*
 * Decode a scanline and apply the predictor routine.
 */
static int
PredictorDecodeRow(TIFF* tif, tidata_t op0, tsize_t occ0, tsample_t s)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->coderow != NULL);
      assert(sp->pfunc != NULL);

      if ((*sp->coderow)(tif, op0, occ0, s)) {
            (*sp->pfunc)(tif, op0, occ0);
            return 1;
      } else
            return 0;
}

/*
 * Decode a tile/strip and apply the predictor routine.
 * Note that horizontal differencing must be done on a
 * row-by-row basis.  The width of a "row" has already
 * been calculated at pre-decode time according to the
 * strip/tile dimensions.
 */
static int
PredictorDecodeTile(TIFF* tif, tidata_t op0, tsize_t occ0, tsample_t s)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->codetile != NULL);

      if ((*sp->codetile)(tif, op0, occ0, s)) {
            tsize_t rowsize = sp->rowsize;
            assert(rowsize > 0);
            assert(sp->pfunc != NULL);
            while ((long)occ0 > 0) {
                  (*sp->pfunc)(tif, op0, (tsize_t) rowsize);
                  occ0 -= rowsize;
                  op0 += rowsize;
            }
            return 1;
      } else
            return 0;
}

static void
horDiff8(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);
      tsize_t stride = sp->stride;
      char* cp = (char*) cp0;

      if (cc > stride) {
            cc -= stride;
            /*
             * Pipeline the most common cases.
             */
            if (stride == 3) {
                  int r1, g1, b1;
                  int r2 = cp[0];
                  int g2 = cp[1];
                  int b2 = cp[2];
                  do {
                        r1 = cp[3]; cp[3] = r1-r2; r2 = r1;
                        g1 = cp[4]; cp[4] = g1-g2; g2 = g1;
                        b1 = cp[5]; cp[5] = b1-b2; b2 = b1;
                        cp += 3;
                  } while ((int32)(cc -= 3) > 0);
            } else if (stride == 4) {
                  int r1, g1, b1, a1;
                  int r2 = cp[0];
                  int g2 = cp[1];
                  int b2 = cp[2];
                  int a2 = cp[3];
                  do {
                        r1 = cp[4]; cp[4] = r1-r2; r2 = r1;
                        g1 = cp[5]; cp[5] = g1-g2; g2 = g1;
                        b1 = cp[6]; cp[6] = b1-b2; b2 = b1;
                        a1 = cp[7]; cp[7] = a1-a2; a2 = a1;
                        cp += 4;
                  } while ((int32)(cc -= 4) > 0);
            } else {
                  cp += cc - 1;
                  do {
                        REPEAT4(stride, cp[stride] -= cp[0]; cp--)
                  } while ((int32)(cc -= stride) > 0);
            }
      }
}

static void
horDiff16(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);
      tsize_t stride = sp->stride;
      int16 *wp = (int16*) cp0;
      tsize_t wc = cc/2;

      if (wc > stride) {
            wc -= stride;
            wp += wc - 1;
            do {
                  REPEAT4(stride, wp[stride] -= wp[0]; wp--)
                  wc -= stride;
            } while ((int32) wc > 0);
      }
}

/*
 * Floating point predictor differencing routine.
 */
static void
fpDiff(TIFF* tif, tidata_t cp0, tsize_t cc)
{
      tsize_t stride = PredictorState(tif)->stride;
      uint32 bps = tif->tif_dir.td_bitspersample / 8;
      tsize_t wc = cc / bps;
      tsize_t count;
      uint8 *cp = (uint8 *) cp0;
      uint8 *tmp = (uint8 *)_TIFFmalloc(cc);

      if (!tmp)
            return;

      _TIFFmemcpy(tmp, cp0, cc);
      for (count = 0; count < wc; count++) {
            uint32 byte;
            for (byte = 0; byte < bps; byte++) {
#if WORDS_BIGENDIAN
                  cp[byte * wc + count] = tmp[bps * count + byte];
#else
                  cp[(bps - byte - 1) * wc + count] =
                        tmp[bps * count + byte];
#endif
            }
      }
      _TIFFfree(tmp);

      cp = (uint8 *) cp0;
      cp += cc - stride - 1;
      for (count = cc; count > stride; count -= stride)
            REPEAT4(stride, cp[stride] -= cp[0]; cp--)
}

static int
PredictorEncodeRow(TIFF* tif, tidata_t bp, tsize_t cc, tsample_t s)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->pfunc != NULL);
      assert(sp->coderow != NULL);

      /* XXX horizontal differencing alters user's data XXX */
      (*sp->pfunc)(tif, bp, cc);
      return (*sp->coderow)(tif, bp, cc, s);
}

static int
PredictorEncodeTile(TIFF* tif, tidata_t bp0, tsize_t cc0, tsample_t s)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);
      tsize_t cc = cc0, rowsize;
      unsigned char* bp = bp0;

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->pfunc != NULL);
      assert(sp->codetile != NULL);

      rowsize = sp->rowsize;
      assert(rowsize > 0);
      while ((long)cc > 0) {
            (*sp->pfunc)(tif, bp, (tsize_t) rowsize);
            cc -= rowsize;
            bp += rowsize;
      }
      return (*sp->codetile)(tif, bp0, cc0, s);
}

#define     FIELD_PREDICTOR   (FIELD_CODEC+0)         /* XXX */

static const TIFFFieldInfo predictFieldInfo[] = {
    { TIFFTAG_PREDICTOR,       1, 1, TIFF_SHORT,      FIELD_PREDICTOR,
      FALSE,      FALSE,      "Predictor" },
};
#define     N(a)  (sizeof (a) / sizeof (a[0]))

static int
PredictorVSetField(TIFF* tif, ttag_t tag, va_list ap)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->vsetparent != NULL);

      switch (tag) {
      case TIFFTAG_PREDICTOR:
            sp->predictor = (uint16) va_arg(ap, int);
            TIFFSetFieldBit(tif, FIELD_PREDICTOR);
            break;
      default:
            return (*sp->vsetparent)(tif, tag, ap);
      }
      tif->tif_flags |= TIFF_DIRTYDIRECT;
      return 1;
}

static int
PredictorVGetField(TIFF* tif, ttag_t tag, va_list ap)
{
      TIFFPredictorState *sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != NULL);
      assert(sp->vgetparent != NULL);

      switch (tag) {
      case TIFFTAG_PREDICTOR:
            *va_arg(ap, uint16*) = sp->predictor;
            break;
      default:
            return (*sp->vgetparent)(tif, tag, ap);
      }
      return 1;
}

static void
PredictorPrintDir(TIFF* tif, FILE* fd, long flags)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);

      (void) flags;
      if (TIFFFieldSet(tif,FIELD_PREDICTOR)) {
            fprintf(fd, "  Predictor: ");
            switch (sp->predictor) {
            case 1: fprintf(fd, "none "); break;
            case 2: fprintf(fd, "horizontal differencing "); break;
            case 3: fprintf(fd, "floating point predictor "); break;
            }
            fprintf(fd, "%u (0x%x)\n", sp->predictor, sp->predictor);
      }
      if (sp->printdir)
            (*sp->printdir)(tif, fd, flags);
}

int
TIFFPredictorInit(TIFF* tif)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != 0);

      /*
       * Merge codec-specific tag information and
       * override parent get/set field methods.
       */
      _TIFFMergeFieldInfo(tif, predictFieldInfo, N(predictFieldInfo));
      sp->vgetparent = tif->tif_tagmethods.vgetfield;
      tif->tif_tagmethods.vgetfield =
            PredictorVGetField;/* hook for predictor tag */
      sp->vsetparent = tif->tif_tagmethods.vsetfield;
      tif->tif_tagmethods.vsetfield =
            PredictorVSetField;/* hook for predictor tag */
      sp->printdir = tif->tif_tagmethods.printdir;
      tif->tif_tagmethods.printdir =
            PredictorPrintDir;      /* hook for predictor tag */

      sp->setupdecode = tif->tif_setupdecode;
      tif->tif_setupdecode = PredictorSetupDecode;
      sp->setupencode = tif->tif_setupencode;
      tif->tif_setupencode = PredictorSetupEncode;

      sp->predictor = 1;                  /* default value */
      sp->pfunc = NULL;             /* no predictor routine */
      return 1;
}

int
TIFFPredictorCleanup(TIFF* tif)
{
      TIFFPredictorState* sp = PredictorState(tif);

      assert(sp != 0);

      tif->tif_tagmethods.vgetfield = sp->vgetparent;
      tif->tif_tagmethods.vsetfield = sp->vsetparent;
      tif->tif_tagmethods.printdir = sp->printdir;
      tif->tif_setupdecode = sp->setupdecode;
      tif->tif_setupencode = sp->setupencode;

      return 1;
}

/* vim: set ts=8 sts=8 sw=8 noet: */

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