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Sourcecode: qt4-x11 version File versions

vdbemem.c

/*
** 2004 May 26
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code use to manipulate "Mem" structure.  A "Mem"
** stores a single value in the VDBE.  Mem is an opaque structure visible
** only within the VDBE.  Interface routines refer to a Mem using the
** name sqlite_value
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** If pMem is an object with a valid string representation, this routine
** ensures the internal encoding for the string representation is
** 'desiredEnc', one of SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16LE or SQLITE_UTF16BE.
**
** If pMem is not a string object, or the encoding of the string
** representation is already stored using the requested encoding, then this
** routine is a no-op.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if the conversion is successful (or not required).
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
  int rc;
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
#else


  /* MemTranslate() may return SQLITE_OK or SQLITE_NOMEM. If NOMEM is returned,
  ** then the encoding of the value may not have changed.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(pMem, desiredEnc);
  assert(rc==SQLITE_OK    || rc==SQLITE_NOMEM);
  assert(rc==SQLITE_OK    || pMem->enc!=desiredEnc);
  assert(rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || pMem->enc==desiredEnc);

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
/*
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    pMem->z = 0;
*/
  }
  return rc;
#endif
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object MEM_Dyn.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemDynamicify(Mem *pMem){
  int n = pMem->n;
  u8 *z;
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static|MEM_Short))==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  assert( pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) );
  z = sqliteMallocRaw( n+2 );
  if( z==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  pMem->flags |= MEM_Dyn|MEM_Term;
  pMem->xDel = 0;
  memcpy(z, pMem->z, n );
  z[n] = 0;
  z[n+1] = 0;
  pMem->z = (char*)z;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static|MEM_Short);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make the given Mem object either MEM_Short or MEM_Dyn so that bytes
** of the Mem.z[] array can be modified.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  int n;
  u8 *z;
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static))==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  assert( pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) );
  if( (n = pMem->n)+2<sizeof(pMem->zShort) ){
    z = (u8*)pMem->zShort;
    pMem->flags |= MEM_Short|MEM_Term;
  }else{
    z = sqliteMallocRaw( n+2 );
    if( z==0 ){
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pMem->flags |= MEM_Dyn|MEM_Term;
    pMem->xDel = 0;
  }
  memcpy(z, pMem->z, n );
  z[n] = 0;
  z[n+1] = 0;
  pMem->z = (char*)z;
  pMem->flags &= ~(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static);
  assert(0==(1&(int)pMem->z));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Make sure the given Mem is \u0000 terminated.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(Mem *pMem){
  /* In SQLite, a string without a nul terminator occurs when a string
  ** is loaded from disk (in this case the memory management is ephemeral),
  ** or when it is supplied by the user as a bound variable or function
  ** return value. Therefore, the memory management of the string must be
  ** either ephemeral, static or controlled by a user-supplied destructor.
  */
  assert(                         
    !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) ||                /* it's not a string, or      */
    (pMem->flags&MEM_Term) ||                /* it's nul term. already, or */
    (pMem->flags&(MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static)) ||  /* it's static or ephem, or   */
    (pMem->flags&MEM_Dyn && pMem->xDel)      /* external management        */
  );
  if( (pMem->flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || (pMem->flags & MEM_Str)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;   /* Nothing to do */
  }

  if( pMem->flags & (MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem) ){
    return sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pMem);
  }else{
    char *z = sqliteMalloc(pMem->n+2);
    if( !z ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memcpy(z, pMem->z, pMem->n);
    z[pMem->n] = 0;
    z[pMem->n+1] = 0;
    pMem->xDel(pMem->z);
    pMem->xDel = 0;
    pMem->z = z;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Add MEM_Str to the set of representations for the given Mem.  Numbers
** are converted using sqlite3_snprintf().  Converting a BLOB to a string
** is a no-op.
**
** Existing representations MEM_Int and MEM_Real are *not* invalidated.
**
** A MEM_Null value will never be passed to this function. This function is
** used for converting values to text for returning to the user (i.e. via
** sqlite3_value_text()), or for ensuring that values to be used as btree
** keys are strings. In the former case a NULL pointer is returned the
** user and the later is an internal programming error.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem *pMem, int enc){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int fg = pMem->flags;
  char *z = pMem->zShort;

  assert( !(fg&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) );
  assert( fg&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );

  /* For a Real or Integer, use sqlite3_snprintf() to produce the UTF-8
  ** string representation of the value. Then, if the required encoding
  ** is UTF-16le or UTF-16be do a translation.
  ** 
  ** FIX ME: It would be better if sqlite3_snprintf() could do UTF-16.
  */
  if( fg & MEM_Int ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(NBFS, z, "%lld", pMem->i);
  }else{
    assert( fg & MEM_Real );
    sqlite3_snprintf(NBFS, z, "%!.15g", pMem->r);
  }
  pMem->n = strlen(z);
  pMem->z = z;
  pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
  pMem->flags |= MEM_Str | MEM_Short | MEM_Term;
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pMem, enc);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Memory cell pMem contains the context of an aggregate function.
** This routine calls the finalize method for that function.  The
** result of the aggregate is stored back into pMem.
**
** Return SQLITE_ERROR if the finalizer reports an error.  SQLITE_OK
** otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem *pMem, FuncDef *pFunc){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( pFunc && pFunc->xFinalize ){
    sqlite3_context ctx;
    assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Null)!=0 || pFunc==*(FuncDef**)&pMem->i );
    ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
    ctx.s.z = pMem->zShort;
    ctx.pMem = pMem;
    ctx.pFunc = pFunc;
    ctx.isError = 0;
    pFunc->xFinalize(&ctx);
    if( pMem->z && pMem->z!=pMem->zShort ){
      sqliteFree( pMem->z );
    }
    *pMem = ctx.s;
    if( pMem->flags & MEM_Short ){
      pMem->z = pMem->zShort;
    }
    if( ctx.isError ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Release any memory held by the Mem. This may leave the Mem in an
** inconsistent state, for example with (Mem.z==0) and
** (Mem.type==SQLITE_TEXT).
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p){
  if( p->flags & (MEM_Dyn|MEM_Agg) ){
    if( p->xDel ){
      if( p->flags & MEM_Agg ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, *(FuncDef**)&p->i);
        assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else{
        p->xDel((void *)p->z);
      }
    }else{
      sqliteFree(p->z);
    }
    p->z = 0;
    p->xDel = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return some kind of integer value which is the best we can do
** at representing the value that *pMem describes as an integer.
** If pMem is an integer, then the value is exact.  If pMem is
** a floating-point then the value returned is the integer part.
** If pMem is a string or blob, then we make an attempt to convert
** it into a integer and return that.  If pMem is NULL, return 0.
**
** If pMem is a string, its encoding might be changed.
*/
i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem *pMem){
  int flags = pMem->flags;
  if( flags & MEM_Int ){
    return pMem->i;
  }else if( flags & MEM_Real ){
    return (i64)pMem->r;
  }else if( flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    i64 value;
    if( sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pMem, SQLITE_UTF8)
       || sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(pMem) ){
      return 0;
    }
    assert( pMem->z );
    sqlite3atoi64(pMem->z, &value);
    return value;
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return the best representation of pMem that we can get into a
** double.  If pMem is already a double or an integer, return its
** value.  If it is a string or blob, try to convert it to a double.
** If it is a NULL, return 0.0.
*/
double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem *pMem){
  if( pMem->flags & MEM_Real ){
    return pMem->r;
  }else if( pMem->flags & MEM_Int ){
    return (double)pMem->i;
  }else if( pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    double val = 0.0;
    if( sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pMem, SQLITE_UTF8)
       || sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(pMem) ){
      return 0.0;
    }
    assert( pMem->z );
    sqlite3AtoF(pMem->z, &val);
    return val;
  }else{
    return 0.0;
  }
}

/*
** The MEM structure is already a MEM_Real.  Try to also make it a
** MEM_Int if we can.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Real );
  pMem->i = pMem->r;
  if( ((double)pMem->i)==pMem->r ){
    pMem->flags |= MEM_Int;
  }
}

/*
** Convert pMem to type integer.  Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem *pMem){
  pMem->i = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pMem);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Convert pMem so that it is of type MEM_Real.
** Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem *pMem){
  pMem->r = sqlite3VdbeRealValue(pMem);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Convert pMem so that it has types MEM_Real or MEM_Int or both.
** Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pMem);
  sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(pMem);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to NULL.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
  pMem->n = 0;
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type INTEGER.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(Mem *pMem, i64 val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->i = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
  pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
}

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value stored in *pMem to val,
** manifest type REAL.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem *pMem, double val){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->r = val;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  pMem->type = SQLITE_FLOAT;
}

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of
** pTo are overwritten.  The pFrom->z field is not duplicated.  If
** pFrom->z is used, then pTo->z points to the same thing as pFrom->z
** and flags gets srcType (either MEM_Ephem or MEM_Static).
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, sizeof(*pFrom)-sizeof(pFrom->zShort));
  pTo->xDel = 0;
  if( pTo->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Short|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
  }
}

/*
** Make a full copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of pTo are
** freed before the copy is made.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc;
  if( pTo->flags & MEM_Dyn ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, MEM_Ephem);
  if( pTo->flags & MEM_Ephem ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Transfer the contents of pFrom to pTo. Any existing value in pTo is
** freed. If pFrom contains ephemeral data, a copy is made.
**
** pFrom contains an SQL NULL when this routine returns.  SQLITE_NOMEM
** might be returned if pFrom held ephemeral data and we were unable
** to allocate enough space to make a copy.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemMove(Mem *pTo, Mem *pFrom){
  int rc;
  if( pTo->flags & MEM_Dyn ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pTo);
  }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, sizeof(Mem));
  if( pFrom->flags & MEM_Short ){
    pTo->z = pTo->zShort;
  }
  pFrom->flags = MEM_Null;
  pFrom->xDel = 0;
  if( pTo->flags & MEM_Ephem ){
    rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Change the value of a Mem to be a string or a BLOB.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(
  Mem *pMem,          /* Memory cell to set to string value */
  const char *z,      /* String pointer */
  int n,              /* Bytes in string, or negative */
  u8 enc,             /* Encoding of z.  0 for BLOBs */
  void (*xDel)(void*) /* Destructor function */
){
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  if( !z ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  pMem->z = (char *)z;
  if( xDel==SQLITE_STATIC ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Static;
  }else if( xDel==SQLITE_TRANSIENT ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Ephem;
  }else{
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn;
    pMem->xDel = xDel;
  }

  pMem->enc = enc;
  pMem->type = enc==0 ? SQLITE_BLOB : SQLITE_TEXT;
  pMem->n = n;

  assert( enc==0 || enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE 
      || enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  switch( enc ){
    case 0:
      pMem->flags |= MEM_Blob;
      pMem->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;
      break;

    case SQLITE_UTF8:
      pMem->flags |= MEM_Str;
      if( n<0 ){
        pMem->n = strlen(z);
        pMem->flags |= MEM_Term;
      }
      break;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
    case SQLITE_UTF16LE:
    case SQLITE_UTF16BE:
      pMem->flags |= MEM_Str;
      if( pMem->n<0 ){
        pMem->n = sqlite3utf16ByteLen(pMem->z,-1);
        pMem->flags |= MEM_Term;
      }
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemHandleBom(pMem) ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16 */
  }
  if( pMem->flags&MEM_Ephem ){
    return sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pMem);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Compare the values contained by the two memory cells, returning
** negative, zero or positive if pMem1 is less than, equal to, or greater
** than pMem2. Sorting order is NULL's first, followed by numbers (integers
** and reals) sorted numerically, followed by text ordered by the collating
** sequence pColl and finally blob's ordered by memcmp().
**
** Two NULL values are considered equal by this function.
*/
int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int rc;
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  /* Interchange pMem1 and pMem2 if the collating sequence specifies
  ** DESC order.
  */
  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }

  /* If one value is a number and the other is not, the number is less.
  ** If both are numbers, compare as reals if one is a real, or as integers
  ** if both values are integers.
  */
  if( combined_flags&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ){
    if( !(f1&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real)) ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( !(f2&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real)) ){
      return -1;
    }
    if( (f1 & f2 & MEM_Int)==0 ){
      double r1, r2;
      if( (f1&MEM_Real)==0 ){
        r1 = pMem1->i;
      }else{
        r1 = pMem1->r;
      }
      if( (f2&MEM_Real)==0 ){
        r2 = pMem2->i;
      }else{
        r2 = pMem2->r;
      }
      if( r1<r2 ) return -1;
      if( r1>r2 ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }else{
      assert( f1&MEM_Int );
      assert( f2&MEM_Int );
      if( pMem1->i < pMem2->i ) return -1;
      if( pMem1->i > pMem2->i ) return 1;
      return 0;
    }
  }

  /* If one value is a string and the other is a blob, the string is less.
  ** If both are strings, compare using the collating functions.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Str ){
    if( (f1 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (f2 & MEM_Str)==0 ){
      return -1;
    }

    assert( pMem1->enc==pMem2->enc );
    assert( pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
            pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE || pMem1->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );

    /* The collation sequence must be defined at this point, even if
    ** the user deletes the collation sequence after the vdbe program is
    ** compiled (this was not always the case).
    */
    assert( !pColl || pColl->xCmp );

    if( pColl ){
      if( pMem1->enc==pColl->enc ){
        /* The strings are already in the correct encoding.  Call the
        ** comparison function directly */
        return pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser,pMem1->n,pMem1->z,pMem2->n,pMem2->z);
      }else{
        u8 origEnc = pMem1->enc;
        const void *v1, *v2;
        int n1, n2;
        /* Convert the strings into the encoding that the comparison
        ** function expects */
        v1 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)pMem1, pColl->enc);
        n1 = v1==0 ? 0 : pMem1->n;
        assert( n1==sqlite3ValueBytes((sqlite3_value*)pMem1, pColl->enc) );
        v2 = sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)pMem2, pColl->enc);
        n2 = v2==0 ? 0 : pMem2->n;
        assert( n2==sqlite3ValueBytes((sqlite3_value*)pMem2, pColl->enc) );
        /* Do the comparison */
        rc = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, n1, v1, n2, v2);
        /* Convert the strings back into the database encoding */
        sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)pMem1, origEnc);
        sqlite3ValueText((sqlite3_value*)pMem2, origEnc);
        return rc;
      }
    }
    /* If a NULL pointer was passed as the collate function, fall through
    ** to the blob case and use memcmp().  */
  }
 
  /* Both values must be blobs.  Compare using memcmp().  */
  rc = memcmp(pMem1->z, pMem2->z, (pMem1->n>pMem2->n)?pMem2->n:pMem1->n);
  if( rc==0 ){
    rc = pMem1->n - pMem2->n;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
** The pMem structure is assumed to be uninitialized.  Any prior content
** is overwritten without being freed.
**
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/
int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  int offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  int amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  char *zData;      /* Data from the btree layer */
  int available;    /* Number of bytes available on the local btree page */

  if( key ){
    zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(pCur, &available);
  }else{
    zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(pCur, &available);
  }

  pMem->n = amt;
  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
  }else{
    int rc;
    if( amt>NBFS-2 ){
      zData = (char *)sqliteMallocRaw(amt+2);
      if( !zData ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Term;
      pMem->xDel = 0;
    }else{
      zData = &(pMem->zShort[0]);
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Short|MEM_Term;
    }
    pMem->z = zData;
    pMem->enc = 0;
    pMem->type = SQLITE_BLOB;

    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, zData);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, zData);
    }
    zData[amt] = 0;
    zData[amt+1] = 0;
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( amt>NBFS-2 ){
        assert( zData!=pMem->zShort );
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Dyn );
        sqliteFree(zData);
      } else {
        assert( zData==pMem->zShort );
        assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Short );
      }
      return rc;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** Perform various checks on the memory cell pMem. An assert() will
** fail if pMem is internally inconsistent.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemSanity(Mem *pMem){
  int flags = pMem->flags;
  assert( flags!=0 );  /* Must define some type */
  if( pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    int x = pMem->flags & (MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem|MEM_Short);
    assert( x!=0 );            /* Strings must define a string subtype */
    assert( (x & (x-1))==0 );  /* Only one string subtype can be defined */
    assert( pMem->z!=0 );      /* Strings must have a value */
    /* Mem.z points to Mem.zShort iff the subtype is MEM_Short */
    assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Short)==0 || pMem->z==pMem->zShort );
    assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Short)!=0 || pMem->z!=pMem->zShort );
    /* No destructor unless there is MEM_Dyn */
    assert( pMem->xDel==0 || (pMem->flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 );

    if( (flags & MEM_Str) ){
      assert( pMem->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 || 
              pMem->enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE ||
              pMem->enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE 
      );
      /* If the string is UTF-8 encoded and nul terminated, then pMem->n
      ** must be the length of the string.  (Later:)  If the database file
      ** has been corrupted, '\000' characters might have been inserted
      ** into the middle of the string.  In that case, the strlen() might
      ** be less.
      */
      if( pMem->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 && (flags & MEM_Term) ){ 
        assert( strlen(pMem->z)<=pMem->n );
        assert( pMem->z[pMem->n]==0 );
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Cannot define a string subtype for non-string objects */
    assert( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Static|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Ephem|MEM_Short))==0 );
    assert( pMem->xDel==0 );
  }
  /* MEM_Null excludes all other types */
  assert( (pMem->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Blob))==0
          || (pMem->flags&MEM_Null)==0 );
  /* If the MEM is both real and integer, the values are equal */
  assert( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real))!=(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) 
          || pMem->r==pMem->i );
}
#endif

/* This function is only available internally, it is not part of the
** external API. It works in a similar way to sqlite3_value_text(),
** except the data returned is in the encoding specified by the second
** parameter, which must be one of SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE or
** SQLITE_UTF8.
**
** (2006-02-16:)  The enc value can be or-ed with SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED.
** If that is the case, then the result must be aligned on an even byte
** boundary.
*/
const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  if( !pVal ) return 0;
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );

  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }
  assert( (MEM_Blob>>3) == MEM_Str );
  pVal->flags |= (pVal->flags & MEM_Blob)>>3;
  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Str ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED);
    if( (enc & SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED)!=0 && 1==(1&(int)pVal->z) ){
      assert( (pVal->flags & (MEM_Ephem|MEM_Static))!=0 );
      if( sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pVal)!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return 0;
      }
    }
  }else if( !(pVal->flags&MEM_Blob) ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(pVal, enc);
    assert( 0==(1&(int)pVal->z) );
  }
  assert(pVal->enc==(enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) || sqlite3MallocFailed() );
  if( pVal->enc==(enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) ){
    return pVal->z;
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object.
*/
sqlite3_value* sqlite3ValueNew(void){
  Mem *p = sqliteMalloc(sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    p->flags = MEM_Null;
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object, containing the value of pExpr.
**
** This only works for very simple expressions that consist of one constant
** token (i.e. "5", "5.1", "NULL", "'a string'"). If the expression can
** be converted directly into a value, then the value is allocated and
** a pointer written to *ppVal. The caller is responsible for deallocating
** the value by passing it to sqlite3ValueFree() later on. If the expression
** cannot be converted to a value, then *ppVal is set to NULL.
*/
int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 enc, 
  u8 affinity,
  sqlite3_value **ppVal
){
  int op;
  char *zVal = 0;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    zVal = sqliteStrNDup((char*)pExpr->token.z, pExpr->token.n);
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew();
    if( !zVal || !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    sqlite3Dequote(zVal);
    sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, sqlite3FreeX);
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, enc);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pExpr->pLeft, enc, affinity, &pVal) ){
      pVal->i = -1 * pVal->i;
      pVal->r = -1.0 * pVal->r;
    }
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew();
    zVal = sqliteStrNDup((char*)pExpr->token.z+1, pExpr->token.n-1);
    if( !zVal || !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    sqlite3Dequote(zVal);
    nVal = strlen(zVal)/2;
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(zVal), nVal, 0, sqlite3FreeX);
    sqliteFree(zVal);
  }
#endif

  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;

no_mem:
  sqliteFree(zVal);
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  *ppVal = 0;
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
*/
void sqlite3ValueSetStr(
  sqlite3_value *v, 
  int n, 
  const void *z, 
  u8 enc,
  void (*xDel)(void*)
){
  if( v ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr((Mem *)v, z, n, enc, xDel);
}

/*
** Free an sqlite3_value object
*/
void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3ValueSetStr(v, 0, 0, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  sqliteFree(v);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes in the sqlite3_value object assuming
** that it uses the encoding "enc"
*/
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 || sqlite3ValueText(pVal, enc) ){
    return p->n;
  }
  return 0;
}

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