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qsqlrecord.cpp

/****************************************************************************
**
** Copyright (C) 1992-2007 Trolltech ASA. All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of the QtSql module of the Qt Toolkit.
**
** This file may be used under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License version 2.0 as published by the Free Software Foundation
** and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the packaging of
** this file.  Please review the following information to ensure GNU
** General Public Licensing requirements will be met:
** http://www.trolltech.com/products/qt/opensource.html
**
** If you are unsure which license is appropriate for your use, please
** review the following information:
** http://www.trolltech.com/products/qt/licensing.html or contact the
** sales department at sales@trolltech.com.
**
** This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
** WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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****************************************************************************/

#include "qsqlrecord.h"

#include "qdebug.h"
#include "qstringlist.h"
#include "qatomic.h"
#include "qsqlfield.h"
#include "qstring.h"
#include "qvector.h"

class QSqlRecordPrivate
{
public:
    QSqlRecordPrivate();
    QSqlRecordPrivate(const QSqlRecordPrivate &other);

    inline bool contains(int index) { return index >= 0 && index < fields.count(); }
    QString createField(int index, const QString &prefix) const;

    QVector<QSqlField> fields;
    QAtomic ref;
};

QSqlRecordPrivate::QSqlRecordPrivate()
{
    ref = 1;
}

QSqlRecordPrivate::QSqlRecordPrivate(const QSqlRecordPrivate &other): fields(other.fields)
{
    ref = 1;
}

/*! \internal
    Just for compat
*/
QString QSqlRecordPrivate::createField(int index, const QString &prefix) const
{
    QString f;
    if (!prefix.isEmpty())
        f = prefix + QLatin1Char('.');
    f += fields.at(index).name();
    return f;
}

/*!
    \class QSqlRecord
    \brief The QSqlRecord class encapsulates a database record.

    \ingroup database
    \ingroup shared
    \module sql

    The QSqlRecord class encapsulates the functionality and
    characteristics of a database record (usually a row in a table or
    view within the database). QSqlRecord supports adding and
    removing fields as well as setting and retrieving field values.

    The values of a record's fields' can be set by name or position
    with setValue(); if you want to set a field to null use
    setNull(). To find the position of a field by name use indexOf(),
    and to find the name of a field at a particular position use
    fieldName(). Use field() to retrieve a QSqlField object for a
    given field. Use contains() to see if the record contains a
    particular field name.

    When queries are generated to be executed on the database only
    those fields for which isGenerated() is true are included in the
    generated SQL.

    A record can have fields added with append() or insert(), replaced
    with replace(), and removed with remove(). All the fields can be
    removed with clear(). The number of fields is given by count();
    all their values can be cleared (to null) using clearValues().

    \sa QSqlField, QSqlQuery::record()
*/


/*!
    Constructs an empty record.

    \sa isEmpty(), append(), insert()
*/

00108 QSqlRecord::QSqlRecord()
{
    d = new QSqlRecordPrivate();
}

/*!
    Constructs a copy of \a other.

    QSqlRecord is \l{implicitly shared}. This means you can make copies
    of a record in \l{constant time}.
*/

00120 QSqlRecord::QSqlRecord(const QSqlRecord& other)
{
    d = other.d;
    d->ref.ref();
}

/*!
    Sets the record equal to \a other.

    QSqlRecord is \l{implicitly shared}. This means you can make copies
    of a record in \l{constant time}.
*/

00133 QSqlRecord& QSqlRecord::operator=(const QSqlRecord& other)
{
    qAtomicAssign(d, other.d);
    return *this;
}

/*!
    Destroys the object and frees any allocated resources.
*/

00143 QSqlRecord::~QSqlRecord()
{
    if (!d->ref.deref())
        delete d;
}

/*!
    \fn bool QSqlRecord::operator!=(const QSqlRecord &other) const

    Returns true if this object is not identical to \a other;
    otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator==()
*/

/*!
    Returns true if this object is identical to \a other (i.e., has
    the same fields in the same order); otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator!=()
*/
00164 bool QSqlRecord::operator==(const QSqlRecord &other) const
{
    return d->fields == other.d->fields;
}

/*!
    Returns the value of the field located at position \a index in
    the record. If \a index is out of bounds, an invalid QVariant
    is returned.

    \sa fieldName() isNull()
*/

00177 QVariant QSqlRecord::value(int index) const
{
    return d->fields.value(index).value();
}

/*!
    \overload

    Returns the value of the field called \a name in the record. If
    field \a name does not exist an invalid variant is returned.

    \sa indexOf()
*/

00191 QVariant QSqlRecord::value(const QString& name) const
{
    return value(indexOf(name));
}

/*!
    Returns the name of the field at position \a index. If the field
    does not exist, an empty string is returned.

    \sa indexOf()
*/

00203 QString QSqlRecord::fieldName(int index) const
{
    return d->fields.value(index).name();
}

/*!
    Returns the position of the field called \a name within the
    record, or -1 if it cannot be found. Field names are not
    case-sensitive. If more than one field matches, the first one is
    returned.

    \sa fieldName()
*/

00217 int QSqlRecord::indexOf(const QString& name) const
{
    QString nm = name.toUpper();
    for (int i = 0; i < count(); ++i) {
        if (d->fields.at(i).name().toUpper() == nm) // TODO: case-insensitive comparison
            return i;
    }
    return -1;
}

#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT
/*!
    \obsolete
    Use field() instead
*/
const QSqlField* QSqlRecord::fieldPtr(int index) const
{
    if (!d->contains(index))
        return 0;

    return &d->fields.at(index);
}

/*!
    \obsolete
    Use field() instead
*/

const QSqlField* QSqlRecord::fieldPtr(const QString& name) const
{
    int i = indexOf(name);
    if (!d->contains(i))
        return 0;

    return &d->fields.at(i);
}
#endif //QT3_SUPPORT

/*!
    Returns the field at position \a index. If the position is out of
    range, an empty field is returned.
 */
00259 QSqlField QSqlRecord::field(int index) const
{
    return d->fields.value(index);
}

/*! \overload
    Returns the field called \a name.
 */
00267 QSqlField QSqlRecord::field(const QString &name) const
{
    return field(indexOf(name));
}


/*!
    Append a copy of field \a field to the end of the record.

    \sa insert() replace() remove()
*/

00279 void QSqlRecord::append(const QSqlField& field)
{
    detach();
    d->fields.append(field);
}

/*!
    Inserts the field \a field at position \a pos in the record.

    \sa append() replace() remove()
 */
00290 void QSqlRecord::insert(int pos, const QSqlField& field)
{
   detach();
   d->fields.insert(pos, field);
}

/*!
    Replaces the field at position \a pos with the given \a field. If
    \a pos is out of range, nothing happens.

    \sa append() insert() remove()
*/

00303 void QSqlRecord::replace(int pos, const QSqlField& field)
{
    if (!d->contains(pos))
        return;

    detach();
    d->fields[pos] = field;
}

/*!
    Removes the field at position \a pos. If \a pos is out of range,
    nothing happens.

    \sa append() insert() replace()
*/

00319 void QSqlRecord::remove(int pos)
{
    if (!d->contains(pos))
        return;

    detach();
    d->fields.remove(pos);
}

/*!
    Removes all the record's fields.

    \sa clearValues() isEmpty()
*/

00334 void QSqlRecord::clear()
{
    detach();
    d->fields.clear();
}

/*!
    Returns true if there are no fields in the record; otherwise
    returns false.

    \sa append() insert() clear()
*/

00347 bool QSqlRecord::isEmpty() const
{
    return d->fields.isEmpty();
}


/*!
    Returns true if there is a field in the record called \a name;
    otherwise returns false.
*/

00358 bool QSqlRecord::contains(const QString& name) const
{
    return indexOf(name) >= 0;
}

/*!
    Clears the value of all fields in the record and sets each field
    to null.

    \sa setValue()
*/

00370 void QSqlRecord::clearValues()
{
    detach();
    int count = d->fields.count();
    for (int i = 0; i < count; ++i)
        d->fields[i].clear();
}

/*!
    Sets the generated flag for the field called \a name to \a
    generated. If the field does not exist, nothing happens. Only
    fields that have \a generated set to true are included in the SQL
    that is generated by QSqlQueryModel for example.

    \sa isGenerated()
*/

00387 void QSqlRecord::setGenerated(const QString& name, bool generated)
{
    setGenerated(indexOf(name), generated);
}

/*!
    \overload

    Sets the generated flag for the field \a index to \a generated.

    \sa isGenerated()
*/

00400 void QSqlRecord::setGenerated(int index, bool generated)
{
    if (!d->contains(index))
        return;
    detach();
    d->fields[index].setGenerated(generated);
}

/*!
    \overload

    Returns true if the field \a index is null or if there is no field at
    position \a index; otherwise returns false.
*/
00414 bool QSqlRecord::isNull(int index) const
{
    return d->fields.value(index).isNull();
}

/*!
    Returns true if the field called \a name is null or if there is no
    field called \a name; otherwise returns false.

    \sa setNull()
*/
00425 bool QSqlRecord::isNull(const QString& name) const
{
    return isNull(indexOf(name));
}

/*!
    Sets the value of field \a index to null. If the field does not exist,
    nothing happens.

    \sa setValue()
*/
00436 void QSqlRecord::setNull(int index)
{
    if (!d->contains(index))
        return;
    detach();
    d->fields[index].clear();
}

/*!
    \overload

    Sets the value of the field called \a name to null. If the field
    does not exist, nothing happens.
*/
00450 void QSqlRecord::setNull(const QString& name)
{
    setNull(indexOf(name));
}


/*!
    Returns true if the record has a field called \a name and this
    field is to be generated (the default); otherwise returns false.

    \sa setGenerated()
*/
00462 bool QSqlRecord::isGenerated(const QString& name) const
{
    return isGenerated(indexOf(name));
}

/*! \overload

    Returns true if the record has a field at position \a index and this
    field is to be generated (the default); otherwise returns false.

    \sa setGenerated()
*/
00474 bool QSqlRecord::isGenerated(int index) const
{
    return d->fields.value(index).isGenerated();
}

#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT
/*!
    Returns a list of all the record's field names as a string
    separated by \a sep.

    In the unlikely event that you used this function in Qt 3, you
    can simulate it using the rest of the QSqlRecord public API.
*/

QString QSqlRecord::toString(const QString& prefix, const QString& sep) const
{
    QString pflist;
    bool comma = false;
    for (int i = 0; i < count(); ++i) {
        if (!d->fields.value(i).isGenerated()) {
            if (comma)
                pflist += sep + QLatin1Char(' ');
            pflist += d->createField(i, prefix);
            comma = true;
        }
    }
    return pflist;
}

/*!
    Returns a list of all the record's field names, each having the
    prefix \a prefix.

    In the unlikely event that you used this function in Qt 3, you
    can simulate it using the rest of the QSqlRecord public API.
*/

QStringList QSqlRecord::toStringList(const QString& prefix) const
{
    QStringList s;
    for (int i = 0; i < count(); ++i) {
        if (!d->fields.value(i).isGenerated())
            s += d->createField(i, prefix);
    }
    return s;
}
#endif // QT3_SUPPORT

/*!
    Returns the number of fields in the record.

    \sa isEmpty()
*/

00528 int QSqlRecord::count() const
{
    return d->fields.count();
}

/*!
    Sets the value of the field at position \a index to \a val. If the
    field does not exist, nothing happens.

    \sa setNull()
*/

00540 void QSqlRecord::setValue(int index, const QVariant& val)
{
    if (!d->contains(index))
        return;
    detach();
    d->fields[index].setValue(val);
}


/*!
    \overload

    Sets the value of the field called \a name to \a val. If the field
    does not exist, nothing happens.
*/

00556 void QSqlRecord::setValue(const QString& name, const QVariant& val)
{
    setValue(indexOf(name), val);
}


/*! \internal
*/
00564 void QSqlRecord::detach()
{
    qAtomicDetach(d);
}

#ifndef QT_NO_DEBUG_STREAM
QDebug operator<<(QDebug dbg, const QSqlRecord &r)
{
    dbg.nospace() << "QSqlRecord(" << r.count() << ")";
    for (int i = 0; i < r.count(); ++i)
        dbg.nospace() << QLatin1String("\n ") << QString::fromLatin1("%1: ").arg(i, 2)
                      << r.field(i);
    return dbg.space();
}
#endif

/*!
    \fn int QSqlRecord::position(const QString& name) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

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