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qlistdata.cpp

/****************************************************************************
**
** Copyright (C) 1992-2007 Trolltech ASA. All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of the QtCore module of the Qt Toolkit.
**
** This file may be used under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License version 2.0 as published by the Free Software Foundation
** and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the packaging of
** this file.  Please review the following information to ensure GNU
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** If you are unsure which license is appropriate for your use, please
** review the following information:
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** This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
** WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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#include "qlist.h"
#include "qtools_p.h"
#include <string.h>

/*
    QList as an array-list combines the easy-of-use of a random
    access interface with fast list operations and the low memory
    management overhead of an array. Accessing elements by index,
    appending, prepending, and removing elements from both the front
    and the back all happen in constant time O(1). Inserting or
    removing elements at random index positions \ai happens in linear
    time, or more precisly in O(min{i,n-i}) <= O(n/2), with n being
    the number of elements in the list.
*/

QListData::Data QListData::shared_null = { Q_ATOMIC_INIT(1), 0, 0, 0, true, { 0 } };

static int grow(int size)
{
    // dear compiler: don't optimize me out.
    volatile int x = qAllocMore(size * sizeof(void *), QListData::DataHeaderSize) / sizeof(void *);
    return x;
}

QListData::Data *QListData::detach()
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref != 1);
    Data *x = static_cast<Data *>(qMalloc(DataHeaderSize + d->alloc * sizeof(void *)));
    ::memcpy(x, d, DataHeaderSize + d->alloc * sizeof(void *));
    x->alloc = d->alloc;
    x->ref.init(1);
    x->sharable = true;
    if (!x->alloc)
        x->begin = x->end = 0;

    x = qAtomicSetPtr(&d, x);
    if (!x->ref.deref())
        return x;
    return 0;
}

void QListData::realloc(int alloc)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    d = static_cast<Data *>(qRealloc(d, DataHeaderSize + alloc * sizeof(void *)));
    d->alloc = alloc;
    if (!alloc)
        d->begin = d->end = 0;
}


void **QListData::append()
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    if (d->end == d->alloc) {
        int n = d->end - d->begin;
        if (d->begin > 2 * d->alloc / 3) {
            ::memcpy(d->array + n, d->array + d->begin, n * sizeof(void *));
            d->begin = n;
            d->end = n * 2;
        } else {
            realloc(grow(d->alloc + 1));
        }
    }
    return d->array + d->end++;
}

void **QListData::append(const QListData& l)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    int e = d->end;
    int n = l.d->end - l.d->begin;
    if (n) {
        if (e + n > d->alloc)
            realloc(grow(e + l.d->end - l.d->begin));
        ::memcpy(d->array + d->end, l.d->array + l.d->begin, n * sizeof(void*));
        d->end += n;
    }
    return d->array + e;
}

void **QListData::prepend()
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    if (d->begin == 0) {
        if (d->end >= d->alloc / 3)
            realloc(grow(d->alloc + 1));

        if (d->end < d->alloc / 3)
            d->begin = d->alloc - 2 * d->end;
        else
            d->begin = d->alloc - d->end;

        ::memmove(d->array + d->begin, d->array, d->end * sizeof(void *));
        d->end += d->begin;
    }
    return d->array + --d->begin;
}

void **QListData::insert(int i)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    if (i <= 0)
        return prepend();
    if (i >= d->end - d->begin)
        return append();

    bool leftward = false;
    int size = d->end - d->begin;

    if (d->begin == 0) {
        if (d->end == d->alloc) {
            // If the array is full, we expand it and move some items rightward
            realloc(grow(d->alloc + 1));
        } else {
            // If there is free space at the end of the array, we move some items rightward
        }
    } else {
        if (d->end == d->alloc) {
            // If there is free space at the beginning of the array, we move some items leftward
            leftward = true;
        } else {
            // If there is free space at both ends, we move as few items as possible
            leftward = (i < size - i);
        }
    }

    if (leftward) {
        --d->begin;
        ::memmove(d->array + d->begin, d->array + d->begin + 1, i * sizeof(void *));
    } else {
        ::memmove(d->array + d->begin + i + 1, d->array + d->begin + i,
                  (size - i) * sizeof(void *));
        ++d->end;
    }
    return d->array + d->begin + i;
}

void QListData::remove(int i)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    i += d->begin;
    if (i - d->begin < d->end - i) {
        if (int offset = i - d->begin)
            ::memmove(d->array + d->begin + 1, d->array + d->begin, offset * sizeof(void *));
        d->begin++;
    } else {
        if (int offset = d->end - i - 1)
            ::memmove(d->array + i, d->array + i + 1, offset * sizeof(void *));
        d->end--;
    }
}

void QListData::remove(int i, int n)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    i += d->begin;
    int middle = i + n/2;
    if (middle - d->begin < d->end - middle) {
        ::memmove(d->array + d->begin + n, d->array + d->begin,
                   (i - d->begin) * sizeof(void*));
        d->begin += n;
    } else {
        ::memmove(d->array + i, d->array + i + n,
                   (d->end - i - n) * sizeof(void*));
        d->end -= n;
    }
}

void QListData::move(int from, int to)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    if (from == to)
        return;

    from += d->begin;
    to += d->begin;
    void *t = d->array[from];

    if (from < to) {
        if (d->end == d->alloc || 3 * (to - from) < 2 * (d->end - d->begin)) {
            ::memmove(d->array + from, d->array + from + 1, (to - from) * sizeof(void *));
        } else {
            // optimization
            if (int offset = from - d->begin)
                ::memmove(d->array + d->begin + 1, d->array + d->begin, offset * sizeof(void *));
            if (int offset = d->end - (to + 1))
                ::memmove(d->array + to + 2, d->array + to + 1, offset * sizeof(void *));
            ++d->begin;
            ++d->end;
            ++to;
        }
    } else {
        if (d->begin == 0 || 3 * (from - to) < 2 * (d->end - d->begin)) {
            ::memmove(d->array + to + 1, d->array + to, (from - to) * sizeof(void *));
        } else {
            // optimization
            if (int offset = to - d->begin)
                ::memmove(d->array + d->begin - 1, d->array + d->begin, offset * sizeof(void *));
            if (int offset = d->end - (from + 1))
                ::memmove(d->array + from, d->array + from + 1, offset * sizeof(void *));
            --d->begin;
            --d->end;
            --to;
        }
    }
    d->array[to] = t;
}

void **QListData::erase(void **xi)
{
    Q_ASSERT(d->ref == 1);
    int i = xi - (d->array + d->begin);
    remove(i);
    return d->array + d->begin + i;
}

/*! \class QList
    \brief The QList class is a template class that provides lists.

    \ingroup tools
    \ingroup shared
    \mainclass
    \reentrant

    QList<T> is one of Qt's generic \l{container classes}. It
    stores a list of values and provides fast index-based access as
    well as fast insertions and removals.

    QList<T>, QLinkedList<T>, and QVector<T> provide similar
    functionality. Here's an overview:

    \list
    \i For most purposes, QList is the right class to use. Its
       index-based API is more convenient than QLinkedList's
       iterator-based API, and it is usually faster than
       QVector because of the way it stores its items in
       memory. It also expands to less code in your executable.
    \i If you need a real linked list, with guarantees of \l{constant
       time} insertions in the middle of the list and iterators to
       items rather than indexes, use QLinkedList.
    \i If you want the items to occupy adjacent memory positions,
       use QVector.
    \endlist

    Internally, QList<T> is represented as an array of pointers to
    items. (Exceptionally, if T is a pointer type, a basic type of
    the size of a pointer, or one of Qt's \l{shared classes},
    QList<T> stores the item directly in the pointer.) For lists
    under a thousand items, this representation allows for very fast
    insertions in the middle, in addition to instantaneous
    index-based access. Furthermore, operations like prepend() and
    append() are very fast, because QList preallocates memory on both
    sides of its internal array. (See \l{Algorithmic Complexity}
    for details.)

    Here's an example of a QList that stores integers and
    a QList that stores QDate values:

    \code
        QList<int> integerList;
        QList<QDate> dateList;
    \endcode

    Qt includes a QStringList class that inherits QList<QString>
    and adds a few convenience functions, such as QStringList::join()
    and QStringList::find(). (QString::split() creates QStringLists
    from strings.)

    QList stores a list of items. The default constructor creates an
    empty list. To insert items into the list, you can use
    operator<<():

    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "one" << "two" << "three";
        // list: ["one", "two", "three"]
    \endcode

    QList provides these basic functions to add, move, and remove
    items: insert(), replace(), removeAt(), move(), and swap(). In
    addition, it provides the following convenience functions:
    append(), prepend(), removeFirst(), and removeLast().

    QList uses 0-based indexes, just like C++ arrays. To access the
    item at a particular index position, you can use operator[](). On
    non-const lists, operator[]() returns a reference to the item and
    can be used on the left side of an assignment:

    \code
        if (list[0] == "Bob")
            list[0] = "Robert";
    \endcode

    Because QList is implemented as an array of pointers, this
    operation is very fast (\l{constant time}). For read-only access,
    an alternative syntax is to use at():

    \code
        for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); ++i) {
            if (list.at(i) == "Jane")
                cout << "Found Jane at position " << i << endl;
        }
    \endcode

    at() can be faster than operator[](), because it never causes a
    \l{deep copy} to occur.

    A common requirement is to remove an item from a list and do
    something with it. For this, QList provides takeAt(), takeFirst(),
    and takeLast(). Here's a loop that removes the items from a list
    one at a time and calls \c delete on them:

    \code
        QList<QWidget *> list;
        ...
        while (!list.isEmpty())
            delete list.takeFirst();
    \endcode

    Inserting and removing items at either ends of the list is very
    fast (\l{constant time} in most cases), because QList
    preallocates extra space on both sides of its internal buffer to
    allow for fast growth at both ends of the list.

    If you want to find all occurrences of a particular value in a
    list, use indexOf() or lastIndexOf(). The former searches forward
    starting from a given index position, the latter searches
    backward. Both return the index of a matching item if they find
    it; otherwise, they return -1. For example:

    \code
        int i = list.indexOf("Jane");
        if (i != -1)
            cout << "First occurrence of Jane is at position " << i << endl;
    \endcode

    If you simply want to check whether a list contains a particular
    value, use contains(). If you want to find out how many times a
    particular value occurs in the list, use count(). If you want to
    replace all occurrences of a particular value with another, use
    replace().

    QList's value type must be an \l{assignable data type}. This
    covers most data types that are commonly used, but the compiler
    won't let you, for example, store a QWidget as a value; instead,
    store a QWidget *. A few functions have additional requirements;
    for example, indexOf() and lastIndexOf() expect the value type to
    support \c operator==(). These requirements are documented on a
    per-function basis.

    Like the other container classes, QList provides \l{Java-style
    iterators} (QListIterator and QMutableListIterator) and
    \l{STL-style iterators} (QList::const_iterator and
    QList::iterator). In practice, these are rarely used, because
    you can use indexes into the QList. QList is implemented in such
    a way that direct index-based access is just as fast as using
    iterators.

    QList does \e not support inserting, prepending, appending or replacing
    with references to its own values. Doing so will cause your application to
    abort with an error message.

    \sa QListIterator, QMutableListIterator, QLinkedList, QVector
*/

/*!
    \fn QList<T> QList<T>::mid(int pos, int length) const

    Returns a list whose elements are copied from this list,
    starting at position \a pos. If \a length is -1 (the default), all
    elements after \a pos are copied; otherwise \a length elements (or
    all remaining elements if there are less than \a length elements)
    are copied.
*/

/*! \fn QList::QList()

    Constructs an empty list.
*/

/*! \fn QList::QList(const QList<T> &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.

    This operation takes \l{constant time}, because QList is
    \l{implicitly shared}. This makes returning a QList from a
    function very fast. If a shared instance is modified, it will be
    copied (copy-on-write), and that takes \l{linear time}.

    \sa operator=()
*/

/*! \fn QList::~QList()

    Destroys the list. References to the values in the list and all
    iterators of this list become invalid.
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> &QList::operator=(const QList<T> &other)

    Assigns \a other to this list and returns a reference to this
    list.
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::operator==(const QList<T> &other) const

    Returns true if \a other is equal to this list; otherwise returns
    false.

    Two lists are considered equal if they contain the same values in
    the same order.

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa operator!=()
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::operator!=(const QList<T> &other) const

    Returns true if \a other is not equal to this list; otherwise
    returns false.

    Two lists are considered equal if they contain the same values in
    the same order.

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa operator==()
*/

/*! 
    \fn int QList::size() const

    Returns the number of items in the list.

    \sa isEmpty(), count()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::detach()

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::isDetached() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn void QList::setSharable(bool sharable)

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::isEmpty() const

    Returns true if the list contains no items; otherwise returns
    false.

    \sa size()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::clear()

    Removes all items from the list.

    \sa removeAll()
*/

/*! \fn const T &QList::at(int i) const

    Returns the item at index position \a i in the list.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the list (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    This function is very fast (\l{constant time}).

    \sa value(), operator[]()
*/

/*! \fn T &QList::operator[](int i)

    Returns the item at index position \a i as a modifiable reference.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the list (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    This function is very fast (\l{constant time}).

    \sa at(), value()
*/

/*! \fn const T &QList::operator[](int i) const

    \overload

    Same as at().
*/

/*! \fn void QList::append(const T &value)

    Inserts \a value at the end of the list.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list.append("one");
        list.append("two");
        list.append("three");
        // list: ["one", "two", "three"]
    \endcode

    This is the same as list.insert(size(), \a value).

    This operation is typically very fast (\l{constant time}),
    because QList preallocates extra space on both sides of its
    internal buffer to allow for fast growth at both ends of the
    list.

    \sa operator<<(), prepend(), insert()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::prepend(const T &value)

    Inserts \a value at the beginning of the list.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list.prepend("one");
        list.prepend("two");
        list.prepend("three");
        // list: ["three", "two", "one"]
    \endcode

    This is the same as list.insert(0, \a value).

    This operation is usually very fast (\l{constant time}), because
    QList preallocates extra space on both sides of its internal
    buffer to allow for fast growth at both ends of the list.

    \sa append(), insert()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::insert(int i, const T &value)

    Inserts \a value at index position \a i in the list. If \a i
    is 0, the value is prepended to the list. If \a i is size(), the
    value is appended to the list.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "alpha" << "beta" << "delta";
        list.insert(2, "gamma");
        // list: ["alpha", "beta", "gamma", "delta"]
    \endcode

    \sa append(), prepend(), replace(), removeAt()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::insert(iterator before, const T &value)

    \overload

    Inserts \a value in front of the item pointed to by the
    iterator \a before. Returns an iterator pointing at the inserted
    item. Note that the iterator passed to the function will be
    invalid after the call; the returned iterator should be used
    instead.
*/

/*! \fn void QList::replace(int i, const T &value)

    Replaces the item at index position \a i with \a value.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the list (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    \sa operator[](), removeAt()
*/

/*!     
    \fn int QList::removeAll(const T &value)

    Removes all occurrences of \a value in the list and returns the number of entries
    removed.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "sun" << "cloud" << "sun" << "rain";
        list.removeAll("sun");
        // list: ["cloud", "rain"]
    \endcode

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa removeAt(), takeAt(), replace()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::removeAt(int i)

    Removes the item at index position \a i.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the list (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    \sa takeAt(), removeFirst(), removeLast()
*/

/*! \fn T QList::takeAt(int i)

    Removes the item at index position \a i and returns it.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the list (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    If you don't use the return value, removeAt() is more efficient.

    \sa removeAt(), takeFirst(), takeLast()
*/

/*! \fn T QList::takeFirst()

    Removes the first item in the list and returns it.

    This is the same as takeAt(0).

    This operation is very fast (\l{constant time}), because QList
    preallocates extra space on both sides of its internal buffer to
    allow for fast growth at both ends of the list.

    If you don't use the return value, removeFirst() is more
    efficient.

    \sa takeLast(), takeAt(), removeFirst()
*/

/*! \fn T QList::takeLast()

    Removes the last item in the list and returns it.

    This is the same as takeAt(size() - 1).

    This operation is very fast (\l{constant time}), because QList
    preallocates extra space on both sides of its internal buffer to
    allow for fast growth at both ends of the list.

    If you don't use the return value, removeLast() is more
    efficient.

    \sa takeFirst(), takeAt(), removeLast()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::move(int from, int to)

    Moves the item at index position \a from to index position \a to.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "A" << "B" << "C" << "D" << "E" << "F";
        list.move(1, 4);
        // list: ["A", "C", "D", "E", "B", "F"]
    \endcode

    This is the same as insert(\a{to}, takeAt(\a{from})).

    \sa swap(), insert(), takeAt()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::swap(int i, int j)

    Exchange the item at index position \a i with the item at index
    position \a j.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "A" << "B" << "C" << "D" << "E" << "F";
        list.swap(1, 4);
        // list: ["A", "E", "C", "D", "B", "F"]
    \endcode

    \sa move()
*/

/*! \fn int QList::indexOf(const T &value, int from = 0) const

    Returns the index position of the first occurrence of \a value in
    the list, searching forward from index position \a from. Returns
    -1 if no item matched.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "A" << "B" << "C" << "B" << "A";
        list.indexOf("B");          // returns 1
        list.indexOf("B", 1);       // returns 1
        list.indexOf("B", 2);       // returns 3
        list.indexOf("X");          // returns -1
    \endcode

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa lastIndexOf(), contains()
*/

/*! \fn int QList::lastIndexOf(const T &value, int from = -1) const

    Returns the index position of the last occurrence of \a value in
    the list, searching backward from index position \a from. If \a
    from is -1 (the default), the search starts at the last item.
    Returns -1 if no item matched.

    Example:
    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list << "A" << "B" << "C" << "B" << "A";
        list.lastIndexOf("B");      // returns 3
        list.lastIndexOf("B", 3);   // returns 3
        list.lastIndexOf("B", 2);   // returns 1
        list.lastIndexOf("X");      // returns -1
    \endcode

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa indexOf()
*/

/*! \fn QBool QList::contains(const T &value) const

    Returns true if the list contains an occurrence of \a value;
    otherwise returns false.

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa indexOf(), count()
*/

/*! \fn int QList::count(const T &value) const

    Returns the number of occurrences of \a value in the list.

    This function requires the value type to have an implementation of
    \c operator==().

    \sa contains(), indexOf()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::begin()

    Returns an \l{STL-style iterator} pointing to the first item in
    the list.

    \sa constBegin(), end()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::begin() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::constBegin() const

    Returns a const \l{STL-style iterator} pointing to the first item
    in the list.

    \sa begin(), constEnd()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::end()

    Returns an \l{STL-style iterator} pointing to the imaginary item
    after the last item in the list.

    \sa begin(), constEnd()
*/

/*! \fn const_iterator QList::end() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::constEnd() const

    Returns a const \l{STL-style iterator} pointing to the imaginary
    item after the last item in the list.

    \sa constBegin(), end()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::erase(iterator pos)

    Removes the item associated with the iterator \a pos from the
    list, and returns an iterator to the next item in the list (which
    may be end()).

    \sa insert(), removeAt()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::erase(iterator begin, iterator end)

    \overload

    Removes all the items from \a begin up to (but not including) \a
    end. Returns an iterator to the same item that \a end referred to
    before the call.
*/

/*! \typedef QList::Iterator

    Qt-style synonym for QList::iterator.
*/

/*! \typedef QList::ConstIterator

    Qt-style synonym for QList::const_iterator.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::size_type

    Typedef for int. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::value_type

    Typedef for T. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::difference_type

    Typedef for ptrdiff_t. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::pointer

    Typedef for T *. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::const_pointer

    Typedef for const T *. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::reference

    Typedef for T &. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*!
    \typedef QList::const_reference

    Typedef for const T &. Provided for STL compatibility.
*/

/*! \fn int QList::count() const

    Returns the number of items in the list. This is effectively the
    same as size().
*/

/*! \fn T& QList::first()

    Returns a reference to the first item in the list. This function
    assumes that the list isn't empty.

    \sa last(), isEmpty()
*/

/*! \fn const T& QList::first() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn T& QList::last()

    Returns a reference to the last item in the list. This function
    assumes that the list isn't empty.

    \sa first(), isEmpty()
*/

/*! \fn const T& QList::last() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn void QList::removeFirst()

    Removes the first item in the list.

    This is the same as removeAt(0).

    \sa removeAt(), takeFirst()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::removeLast()

    Removes the last item in the list.

    This is the same as removeAt(size() - 1).

    \sa removeAt(), takeLast()
*/

/*! \fn T QList::value(int i) const

    Returns the value at index position \a i in the list.

    If the index \a i is out of bounds, the function returns a
    \l{default-constructed value}. If you are certain that the index
    is going to be within bounds, you can use at() instead, which is
    slightly faster.

    \sa at(), operator[]()
*/

/*! \fn T QList::value(int i, const T &defaultValue) const

    \overload

    If the index \a i is out of bounds, the function returns
    \a defaultValue.
*/

/*! \fn void QList::push_back(const T &value)

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to append(\a value).
*/

/*! \fn void QList::push_front(const T &value)

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to prepend(\a value).
*/

/*! \fn T& QList::front()

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to first().
*/

/*! \fn const T& QList::front() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn T& QList::back()

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to last().
*/

/*! \fn const T& QList::back() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn void QList::pop_front()

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to removeFirst().
*/

/*! \fn void QList::pop_back()

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to removeLast().
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::empty() const

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to isEmpty().
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> &QList::operator+=(const QList<T> &other)

    Appends the items of the \a other list to this list and returns a
    reference to this list.

    \sa operator+(), append()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::operator+=(const T &value)

    \overload

    Appends \a value to the list.

    \sa append(), operator<<()
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> QList::operator+(const QList<T> &other) const

    Returns a list that contains all the items in this list followed
    by all the items in the \a other list.

    \sa operator+=()
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> &QList::operator<<(const QList<T> &other)

    Appends the items of the \a other list to this list and returns a
    reference to this list.

    \sa operator+=(), append()
*/

/*! \fn void QList::operator<<(const T &value)

    \overload

    Appends \a value to the list.
*/

/*! \class QList::iterator
    \brief The QList::iterator class provides an STL-style non-const iterator for QList and QQueue.

    QList features both \l{STL-style iterators} and \l{Java-style
    iterators}. The STL-style iterators are more low-level and more
    cumbersome to use; on the other hand, they are slightly faster
    and, for developers who already know STL, have the advantage of
    familiarity.

    QList<T>::iterator allows you to iterate over a QList<T> (or
    QQueue<T>) and to modify the list item associated with the
    iterator. If you want to iterate over a const QList, use
    QList::const_iterator instead. It is generally good practice to
    use QList::const_iterator on a non-const QList as well, unless
    you need to change the QList through the iterator. Const
    iterators are slightly faster, and can improve code readability.

    The default QList::iterator constructor creates an uninitialized
    iterator. You must initialize it using a QList function like
    QList::begin(), QList::end(), or QList::insert() before you can
    start iterating. Here's a typical loop that prints all the items
    stored in a list:

    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list.append("January");
        list.append("February");
        ...
        list.append("December");

        QList<QString>::iterator i;
        for (i = list.begin(); i != list.end(); ++i)
            cout << *i << endl;
    \endcode

    Let's see a few examples of things we can do with a
    QList::iterator that we cannot do with a QList::const_iterator.
    Here's an example that increments every value stored in a
    QList<int> by 2:

    \code
        QList<int>::iterator i;
        for (i = list.begin(); i != list.end(); ++i)
            *i += 2;
    \endcode

    Most QList functions accept an integer index rather than an
    iterator. For that reason, iterators are rarely useful in
    connection with QList. One place where STL-style iterators do
    make sense is as arguments to \l{generic algorithms}.

    For example, here's how to delete all the widgets stored in a
    QList<QWidget *>:

    \code
        QList<QWidget *> list;
        ...
        qDeleteAll(list.begin(), list.end());
    \endcode

    Multiple iterators can be used on the same list. However, be
    aware that any non-const function call performed on the QList
    will render all existing iterators undefined. If you need to keep
    iterators over a long period of time, we recommend that you use
    QLinkedList rather than QList.

    \sa QList::const_iterator, QMutableListIterator
*/

/*! \typedef QList::iterator::iterator_category

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::iterator::difference_type

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::iterator::value_type

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::iterator::pointer

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::iterator::reference

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator::iterator()

    Constructs an uninitialized iterator.

    Functions like operator*() and operator++() should not be called
    on an uninitialized iterartor. Use operator=() to assign a value
    to it before using it.

    \sa QList::begin() QList::end()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator::iterator(Node *node)

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator::iterator(const iterator &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.
*/

/*! \fn T &QList::iterator::operator*() const

    Returns a modifiable reference to the current item.

    You can change the value of an item by using operator*() on the
    left side of an assignment, for example:

    \code
        if (*it == "Hello")
            *it = "Bonjour";
    \endcode

    \sa operator->()
*/

/*! \fn T *QList::iterator::operator->() const

    Returns a pointer to the current item.

    \sa operator*()
*/

/*! \fn T &QList::iterator::operator[](int j) const

    Returns a modifiable reference to the item at position *this +
    \a{j}.

    This function is provided to make QList iterators behave like C++
    pointers.

    \sa operator+()
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator==(const iterator &other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator==(const const_iterator &other) const

    Returns true if \a other points to the same item as this
    iterator; otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator!=()
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator!=(const iterator &other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator!=(const const_iterator &other) const

    Returns true if \a other points to a different item than this
    iterator; otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator==()
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator<(const iterator& other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator<(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than
    the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator<=(const iterator& other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator<=(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than
    or equal to the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator>(const iterator& other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator>(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater
    than the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator>=(const iterator& other) const
    \fn bool QList::iterator::operator>=(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater
    than or equal to the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator &QList::iterator::operator++()

    The prefix ++ operator (\c{++it}) advances the iterator to the
    next item in the list and returns an iterator to the new current
    item.

    Calling this function on QList::end() leads to undefined results.

    \sa operator--()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::iterator::operator++(int)

    \overload

    The postfix ++ operator (\c{it++}) advances the iterator to the
    next item in the list and returns an iterator to the previously
    current item.
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator &QList::iterator::operator--()

    The prefix -- operator (\c{--it}) makes the preceding item
    current and returns an iterator to the new current item.

    Calling this function on QList::begin() leads to undefined results.

    \sa operator++()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::iterator::operator--(int)

    \overload

    The postfix -- operator (\c{it--}) makes the preceding item
    current and returns an iterator to the previously current item.
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator &QList::iterator::operator+=(int j)

    Advances the iterator by \a j items. (If \a j is negative, the
    iterator goes backward.)

    \sa operator-=(), operator+()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator &QList::iterator::operator-=(int j)

    Makes the iterator go back by \a j items. (If \a j is negative,
    the iterator goes forward.)

    \sa operator+=(), operator-()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::iterator::operator+(int j) const

    Returns an iterator to the item at \a j positions forward from
    this iterator. (If \a j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

    \sa operator-(), operator+=()
*/

/*! \fn QList::iterator QList::iterator::operator-(int j) const

    Returns an iterator to the item at \a j positions backward from
    this iterator. (If \a j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

    \sa operator+(), operator-=()
*/

/*! \fn int QList::iterator::operator-(iterator other) const

    Returns the number of items between the item pointed to by \a
    other and the item pointed to by this iterator.
*/

/*! \class QList::const_iterator
    \brief The QList::const_iterator class provides an STL-style const iterator for QList and QQueue.

    QList provides both \l{STL-style iterators} and \l{Java-style
    iterators}. The STL-style iterators are more low-level and more
    cumbersome to use; on the other hand, they are slightly faster
    and, for developers who already know STL, have the advantage of
    familiarity.

    QList<T>::const_iterator allows you to iterate over a
    QList<T> (or a QQueue<T>). If you want to modify the QList as
    you iterate over it, use QList::iterator instead. It is generally
    good practice to use QList::const_iterator on a non-const QList
    as well, unless you need to change the QList through the
    iterator. Const iterators are slightly faster, and can improve
    code readability.

    The default QList::const_iterator constructor creates an
    uninitialized iterator. You must initialize it using a QList
    function like QList::constBegin(), QList::constEnd(), or
    QList::insert() before you can start iterating. Here's a typical
    loop that prints all the items stored in a list:

    \code
        QList<QString> list;
        list.append("January");
        list.append("February");
        ...
        list.append("December");

        QList<QString>::const_iterator i;
        for (i = list.constBegin(); i != list.constEnd(); ++i)
            cout << *i << endl;
    \endcode

    Most QList functions accept an integer index rather than an
    iterator. For that reason, iterators are rarely useful in
    connection with QList. One place where STL-style iterators do
    make sense is as arguments to \l{generic algorithms}.

    For example, here's how to delete all the widgets stored in a
    QList<QWidget *>:

    \code
        QList<QWidget *> list;
        ...
        qDeleteAll(list.constBegin(), list.constEnd());
    \endcode

    Multiple iterators can be used on the same list. However, be
    aware that any non-const function call performed on the QList
    will render all existing iterators undefined. If you need to keep
    iterators over a long period of time, we recommend that you use
    QLinkedList rather than QList.

    \sa QList::iterator, QListIterator
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator::const_iterator()

    Constructs an uninitialized iterator.

    Functions like operator*() and operator++() should not be called
    on an uninitialized iterartor. Use operator=() to assign a value
    to it before using it.

    \sa QList::constBegin() QList::constEnd()
*/

/*! \typedef QList::const_iterator::iterator_category

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::const_iterator::difference_type

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::const_iterator::value_type

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::const_iterator::pointer

    \internal
*/

/*! \typedef QList::const_iterator::reference

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator::const_iterator(Node *node)

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator::const_iterator(const const_iterator &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator::const_iterator(const iterator &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.
*/

/*! \fn const T &QList::const_iterator::operator*() const

    Returns the current item.

    \sa operator->()
*/

/*! \fn const T *QList::const_iterator::operator->() const

    Returns a pointer to the current item.

    \sa operator*()
*/

/*! \fn const T &QList::const_iterator::operator[](int j) const

    Returns the item at position *this + \a{j}.

    This function is provided to make QList iterators behave like C++
    pointers.

    \sa operator+()
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator==(const const_iterator &other) const

    Returns true if \a other points to the same item as this
    iterator; otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator!=()
*/

/*! \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator!=(const const_iterator &other) const

    Returns true if \a other points to a different item than this
    iterator; otherwise returns false.

    \sa operator==()
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator<(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than
    the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator<=(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than
    or equal to the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator>(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater
    than the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QList::const_iterator::operator>=(const const_iterator& other) const

    Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater
    than or equal to the item pointed to by the \a other iterator.
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator &QList::const_iterator::operator++()

    The prefix ++ operator (\c{++it}) advances the iterator to the
    next item in the list and returns an iterator to the new current
    item.

    Calling this function on QList::end() leads to undefined results.

    \sa operator--()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::const_iterator::operator++(int)

    \overload

    The postfix ++ operator (\c{it++}) advances the iterator to the
    next item in the list and returns an iterator to the previously
    current item.
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator &QList::const_iterator::operator--()

    The prefix -- operator (\c{--it}) makes the preceding item
    current and returns an iterator to the new current item.

    Calling this function on QList::begin() leads to undefined results.

    \sa operator++()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::const_iterator::operator--(int)

    \overload

    The postfix -- operator (\c{it--}) makes the preceding item
    current and returns an iterator to the previously current item.
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator &QList::const_iterator::operator+=(int j)

    Advances the iterator by \a j items. (If \a j is negative, the
    iterator goes backward.)

    \sa operator-=(), operator+()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator &QList::const_iterator::operator-=(int j)

    Makes the iterator go back by \a j items. (If \a j is negative,
    the iterator goes forward.)

    \sa operator+=(), operator-()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::const_iterator::operator+(int j) const

    Returns an iterator to the item at \a j positions forward from
    this iterator. (If \a j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

    \sa operator-(), operator+=()
*/

/*! \fn QList::const_iterator QList::const_iterator::operator-(int j) const

    Returns an iterator to the item at \a j positions backward from
    this iterator. (If \a j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

    \sa operator+(), operator-=()
*/

/*! \fn int QList::const_iterator::operator-(const_iterator other) const

    Returns the number of items between the item pointed to by \a
    other and the item pointed to by this iterator.
*/

/*! \fn QDataStream &operator<<(QDataStream &out, const QList<T> &list)
    \relates QList

    Writes the list \a list to stream \a out.

    This function requires the value type to implement \c
    operator<<().

    \sa \link datastreamformat.html Format of the QDataStream operators \endlink
*/

/*! \fn QDataStream &operator>>(QDataStream &in, QList<T> &list)
    \relates QList

    Reads a list from stream \a in into \a list.

    This function requires the value type to implement \c
    operator>>().

    \sa \link datastreamformat.html Format of the QDataStream operators \endlink
*/

/*!
    \fn iterator QList::remove(iterator pos)

    Use erase() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QList::remove(const T &t)

    Use removeAll() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QList::findIndex(const T& t) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn iterator QList::find(const T& t)

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn const_iterator QList::find (const T& t) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn iterator QList::find(iterator from, const T& t)

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn const_iterator QList::find(const_iterator from, const T& t) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> QList<T>::fromVector(const QVector<T> &vector)

    Returns a QList object with the data contained in \a vector.

    Example:

    \code
        QVector<double> vect;
        vect << "red" << "green" << "blue" << "black";

        QList<double> list = QVector<T>::fromVector(vect);
        // list: ["red", "green", "blue", "black"]
    \endcode

    \sa fromSet(), toVector(), QVector::toList()
*/

/*! \fn QVector<T> QList<T>::toVector() const

    Returns a QVector object with the data contained in this QList.

    Example:

    \code
        QStringList list;
        list << "Sven" << "Kim" << "Ola";

        QVector<QString> vect = list.toVector();
        // vect: ["Sven", "Kim", "Ola"]
    \endcode

    \sa toSet(), fromVector(), QVector::fromList()
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> QList<T>::fromSet(const QSet<T> &set)

    Returns a QList object with the data contained in \a set. The
    order of the elements in the QList is undefined.

    Example:

    \code
        QSet<double> set;
        set << "red" << "green" << "blue" << ... << "black";

        QList<double> list = QList<double>::fromSet(set);
        qSort(list);
    \endcode

    \sa fromVector(), toSet(), QSet::toList(), qSort()
*/

/*! \fn QSet<T> QList<T>::toSet() const

    Returns a QSet object with the data contained in this QList.
    Since QSet doesn't allow duplicates, the resulting QSet might be
    smaller than the original list was.

    Example:

    \code
        QStringList list;
        list << "Julia" << "Mike" << "Mike" << "Julia" << "Julia";

        QSet<QString> set = list.toSet();
        set.contains("Julia");  // returns true
        set.contains("Mike");   // returns true
        set.size();             // returns 2
    \endcode

    \sa toVector(), fromSet(), QSet::fromList()
*/

/*! \fn QList<T> QList<T>::fromStdList(const std::list<T> &list)

    Returns a QList object with the data contained in \a list. The
    order of the elements in the QList is the same as in \a list.

    Example:

    \code
        std::list<double> stdlist;
        list.push_back(1.2);
        list.push_back(0.5);
        list.push_back(3.14);

        QList<double> list = QList<double>::fromStdList(stdlist);
    \endcode

    \sa toStdList(), QVector::fromStdVector()
*/

/*! \fn std::list<T> QList<T>::toStdList() const

    Returns a std::list object with the data contained in this QList.
    Example:

    \code
        QList<double> list;
        list << 1.2 << 0.5 << 3.14;

        std::list<double> stdlist = list.toStdList();
    \endcode

    \sa fromStdList(), QVector::toStdVector()
*/

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