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qstring.cpp

/****************************************************************************
**
** Copyright (C) 1992-2006 Trolltech AS. All rights reserved.
**
** This file is part of the QtCore module of the Qt Toolkit.
**
** This file may be used under the terms of the GNU General Public
** License version 2.0 as published by the Free Software Foundation
** and appearing in the file LICENSE.GPL included in the packaging of
** this file.  Please review the following information to ensure GNU
** General Public Licensing requirements will be met:
** http://www.trolltech.com/products/qt/opensource.html
**
** If you are unsure which license is appropriate for your use, please
** review the following information:
** http://www.trolltech.com/products/qt/licensing.html or contact the
** sales department at sales@trolltech.com.
**
** This file is provided AS IS with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE
** WARRANTY OF DESIGN, MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
**
****************************************************************************/

#include "qstringlist.h"
#include "qregexp.h"
#include "qunicodetables_p.h"
#ifndef QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
#include <qtextcodec.h>
#endif
#include <qdatastream.h>
#include <qlist.h>
#include "qlocale.h"
#include "qlocale_p.h"
#include "qstringmatcher.h"
#include "qtools_p.h"
#include "qhash.h"
#include "qdebug.h"

#include <limits.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#ifndef QT_NO_STL
# if defined (Q_CC_GNU) && (__GNUC__ - 0 >= 3)
#  include <string>
# endif
#endif

#ifdef truncate
#undef truncate
#endif

#ifndef LLONG_MAX
#define LLONG_MAX qint64_C(9223372036854775807)
#endif
#ifndef LLONG_MIN
#define LLONG_MIN (-LLONG_MAX - qint64_C(1))
#endif
#ifndef ULLONG_MAX
#define ULLONG_MAX quint64_C(18446744073709551615)
#endif


#ifndef QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
QTextCodec *QString::codecForCStrings;
#endif

#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT
static QHash<void *, QByteArray> *asciiCache = 0;
#endif

static int ucstrcmp(const QString &as, const QString &bs)
{
    const QChar *a = as.unicode();
    const QChar *b = bs.unicode();
    if (a == b)
        return 0;
    if (a == 0)
        return 1;
    if (b == 0)
        return -1;
    int l=qMin(as.length(),bs.length());
    while (l-- && *a == *b)
        a++,b++;
    if (l==-1)
        return (as.length()-bs.length());
    return a->unicode() - b->unicode();
}

static int ucstrncmp(const QChar *a, const QChar *b, int l)
{
    while (l-- && *a == *b)
        a++,b++;
    if (l==-1)
        return 0;
    return a->unicode() - b->unicode();
}

static int ucstrnicmp(const QChar *a, const QChar *b, int l)
{
    while (l-- && ::lower(*a) == ::lower(*b))
        a++,b++;
    if (l==-1)
        return 0;
    return ::lower(*a).unicode() - ::lower(*b).unicode();
}


inline bool qIsUpper(char ch)
{
    return ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z';
}

inline bool qIsDigit(char ch)
{
    return ch >= '0' && ch <= '9';
}

inline char qToLower(char ch)
{
    if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'Z')
        return ch - 'A' + 'a';
    else
        return ch;
}

const QString::Null QString::null = QString::Null();

/*!
    \class QCharRef
    \reentrant
    \brief The QCharRef class is a helper class for QString.

    \internal

    \ingroup text

    When you get an object of type QCharRef, if you can assign to it,
    the assignment will apply to the character in the string from
    which you got the reference. That is its whole purpose in life.
    The QCharRef becomes invalid once modifications are made to the
    string: if you want to keep the character, copy it into a QChar.

    Most of the QChar member functions also exist in QCharRef.
    However, they are not explicitly documented here.

    \sa QString::operator[]() QString::at() QChar
*/

/*!
    \class QString
    \reentrant

    \brief The QString class provides a Unicode character string.

    \ingroup tools
    \ingroup shared
    \ingroup text
    \mainclass
    \reentrant

    QString stores a string of 16-bit \l{QChar}s, where each QChar
    stores one Unicode 4.0 character. \l{Unicode} is an international
    standard that supports most of the writing systems in use today.
    It is a superset of ASCII and Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1), and all the
    ASCII/Latin-1 characters are available at the same code
    positions.

    Behind the scenes, QString uses \l{implicit sharing}
    (copy-on-write) to reduce memory usage and to avoid the needless
    copying of data. This also helps reduce the inherent overhead of
    storing 16-bit characters instead of 8-bit characters.

    In addition to QString, Qt also provides the QByteArray class to
    store raw bytes and traditional 8-bit '\\0'-terminated strings.
    For most purposes, QString is the class you want to use. It is
    used throughout the Qt API, and the Unicode support ensures that
    your applications will be easy to translate if you want to expand
    your application's market at some point. The two main cases where
    QByteArray is appropriate are when you need to store raw binary
    data, and when memory conservation is critical (e.g. with
    Qtopia Core).

    One way to initialize a QString is simply to pass a \c{const char
    *} to its constructor. For example, the following code creates a
    QString of size 5 containing the data "Hello":

    \code
        QString str = "Hello";
    \endcode

    QString converts the \c{const char *} data into Unicode using
    fromAscii(). By default, fromAscii() treats character above 128
    as Latin-1 characters, but this can be changed by calling
    QTextCodec::setCodecForCStrings().

    In all of the QString methods that take \c{const char *}
    parameters, the \c{const char *} is interpreted as a classic
    C-style '\\0'-terminated string. It is legal for the \c{const
    char *} parameter to be 0.

    You can also provide string data as an array of \l{QChar}s:

    \code
        static const QChar data[4] = { 0x0055, 0x006e, 0x10e3, 0x03a3 };
        QString str(data, 4);
    \endcode

    QString makes a deep copy of the QChar data, so you can modify it
    later without experiencing side effects. (If for performance
    reasons you don't want to take a deep copy of the character data,
    use QString::fromRawData() instead.)

    Another approach is to set the size of the string using resize()
    and to initialize the data character per character. QString uses
    0-based indexes, just like C++ arrays. To access the character at
    a particular index position, you can use operator[](). On
    non-const strings, operator[]() returns a reference to a
    character that can be used on the left side of an assignment. For
    example:

    \code
        QString str;
        str.resize(4);
        str[0] = QChar('U');
        str[1] = QChar('n');
        str[2] = QChar(0x10e3);
        str[3] = QChar(0x03a3);
    \endcode

    For read-only access, an alternative syntax is to use at():

    \code
        for (int i = 0; i < str.size(); ++i) {
            if (str.at(i) >= QChar('a') && str.at(i) <= QChar('f'))
                qDebug() << "Found character in range [a-f]";
        }
    \endcode

    at() can be faster than operator[](), because it never causes a
    \l{deep copy} to occur.

    To extract several characters at a time, use left(), right(), or
    mid().

    A QString can embed '\\0' characters (QChar::null). The size()
    function always returns the size of the whole string, including
    embedded '\\0' characters.

    After a call to resize(), newly allocated characters have
    undefined values. To set all the characters in the string to a
    particular value, call fill().

    QString provides dozens of overloads designed to simplify string
    usage. For example, if you want to compare a QString with a string
    literal, you can write code like this and it will work as expected:

    \code
        if (str == "auto" || str == "extern"
                || str == "static" || str == "register") {
            ...
        }
    \endcode

    You can also pass string literals to functions that take QStrings
    and the QString(const char *) constructor will be
    invoked. Similarily, you can pass a QString to a function that
    takes a \c{const char *} using the \l qPrintable() macro which
    returns the given QString as a \c{const char *}. This is
    equivalent to calling <QString>.toAscii().constData().

    QString provides the following basic functions for modifying the
    character data: append(), prepend(), insert(), replace(), and
    remove(). For example:

    \code
        QString str = "and";
        str.prepend("rock ");           // str == "rock and"
        str.append(" roll");            // str == "rock and roll"
        str.replace(5, 3, "&");         // str == "rock & roll"
    \endcode

    The replace() and remove() functions' first two arguments are the
    position from which to start erasing and the number of characters
    that should be erased.

    A frequent requirement is to remove whitespace characters from a
    string ('\\n', '\\t', ' ', etc.). If you want to remove whitespace
    from both ends of a QString, use trimmed(). If you want to remove
    whitespace from both ends and replace multiple consecutive
    whitespaces with a single space character within the string, use
    simplified().

    If you want to find all occurrences of a particular character or
    substring in a QString, use indexOf() or lastIndexOf(). The
    former searches forward starting from a given index position, the
    latter searches backward. Both return the index position of the
    character or substring if they find it; otherwise, they return -1.
    For example, here's a typical loop that finds all occurrences of a
    particular substring:

    \code
        QString str = "We must be <b>bold</b>, very <b>bold</b>";
        int j = 0;
        while ((j = str.indexOf("<b>", j)) != -1) {
            qDebug() << "Found <b> tag at index position" << j;
            ++j;
        }
    \endcode

    If you want to see if a QString starts or ends with a particular
    substring use startsWith() or endsWith(). If you simply want to
    check whether a QString contains a particular character or
    substring, use contains(). If you want to find out how many times
    a particular character or substring occurs in the string, use
    count().

    QString provides many functions for converting numbers into
    strings and strings into numbers. See the arg() functions, the
    setNum() functions, the number() static functions, and the
    toInt(), toDouble(), and similar functions.

    To get an upper or lower case version of a string use toUpper() or
    toLower().

    If you want to replace all occurrences of a particular substring
    with another, use one of the two-parameter replace() overloads.

    QStrings can be compared using overloaded operators such as
    operator<(), operator<=(), operator==(), operator>=(), and so on.
    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. QString::localeAwareCompare() is a better choice for
    sorting user-interface strings.

    Lists of strings are handled by the QStringList class. You can
    split a string into a list of strings using split(), and join a
    list of strings into a single string with an optional separator
    using QStringList::join(). You can obtain a list of strings from
    a string list that contain a particular substring or that match a
    particular QRegExp using QStringList::find().

    If you are building a QString gradually and know in advance
    approximately how many characters the QString will contain, you
    can call reserve(), asking QString to preallocate a certain amount
    of memory. You can also call capacity() to find out how much
    memory QString actually allocated.

    To obtain a pointer to the actual character data, call data() or
    constData(). These functions return a pointer to the beginning of
    the QChar data. The pointer is guaranteed to remain valid until a
    non-const function is called on the QString.

    \section1 Conversions between 8-bit strings and Unicode strings

    QString provides the following four functions that return a
    \c{const char *} version of the string as QByteArray: toAscii(),
    toLatin1(), toUtf8(), and toLocal8Bit().

    \list
    \i toAscii() returns an ASCII encoded 8-bit string.
    \i toLatin1() returns a Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) encoded 8-bit string.
    \i toUtf8() returns a UTF-8 encoded 8-bit string. UTF-8 is a
       superset of ASCII that supports the entire Unicode character
       set through multibyte sequences.
    \i toLocal8Bit() returns an 8-bit string using the system's local
       encoding.
    \endlist

    To convert from one of these encodings, QString provides
    fromAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromUtf8(), and fromLocal8Bit(). Other
    encodings are supported through QTextCodec.

    As mentioned above, QString provides a lot of functions and
    operators that make it easy to interoperate with \c{const char *}
    strings. This functionaly is a two-edged sword: It makes QString
    more convenient to use if all strings are ASCII or Latin-1, but
    there is always the risk that an implicit conversion from or to
    \c{const char *} is done using the wrong 8-bit encoding. To
    minimize these risks, you can turn off these implicit conversions
    by defining these two preprocessor symbols:

    \list
    \i \c QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII disables automatic conversions from
       ASCII to Unicode.
    \i \c QT_NO_CAST_TO_ASCII disables automatic conversion from QString
       to ASCII.
    \endlist

    One way to define these prepocessor symbols globally for your
    application is to add the following entry to your
    \l{qmake Project Files}{qmake project file}:

    \code
        DEFINES += QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII \
                   QT_NO_CAST_TO_ASCII
    \endcode

    You then need to explicitly call fromAscii(), fromLatin1(),
    fromUtf8(), or fromLocal8Bit() to construct a QString from an
    8-bit string, or use the lightweight QLatin1String class, for
    example:

    \code
        QString url = QLatin1String("http://www.unicode.org/");
    \endcode

    Similarly, you must call toAscii(), toLatin1(), toUtf8(), or
    toLocal8Bit() explicitly to convert the QString to an 8-bit string.
    (Other encodings are supported through QTextCodec.)

    \section1 Note for C programmers

    Due to C++'s type system and the fact that QString is
    \l{implicitly shared}, QStrings may be treated like \c{int}s or
    other basic types. For example:

    \code
    QString boolToString(bool b)
    {
        QString result;
        if (b)
            result = "True";
        else
            result = "False";
        return result;
    }
    \endcode

    The variable, result, is a normal variable allocated on the
    stack. When return is called, because we're returning by value,
    The copy constructor is called and a copy of the string is
    returned. (No actual copying takes place thanks to the implicit
    sharing.)

    \section1 Distinction between null and empty strings

    For historical reasons, QString distinguishes between a null
    string and an empty string. A \e null string is a string that is
    initialized using QString's default constructor or by passing
    (const char *)0 to the constructor. An \e empty string is any
    string with size 0. A null string is always empty, but an empty
    string isn't necessarily null:

    \code
        QString().isNull();             // returns true
        QString().isEmpty();            // returns true

        QString("").isNull();           // returns false
        QString("").isEmpty();          // returns true

        QString("abc").isNull();        // returns false
        QString("abc").isEmpty();       // returns false
    \endcode

    All functions except isNull() treat null strings the same as
    empty strings. For example, toAscii().constData() returns a
    pointer to a '\\0' character for a null string (\e not a null pointer),
    and QString() compares equal to QString(""). We recommend that you
    always use isEmpty() and avoid isNull().

    \sa fromRawData(), QChar, QLatin1String, QByteArray
*/

/*!
    \enum QString::SplitBehavior

    This enum specifies how split() should behave with respect to empty strings.

    \value KeepEmptyParts  If a field is empty, keep it in the result.
    \value SkipEmptyParts  If a field is empty, don't include it in the result.

    \sa split()
*/

QString::Data QString::shared_null = { Q_ATOMIC_INIT(1), 0, 0, shared_null.array, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, {0} };
QString::Data QString::shared_empty = { Q_ATOMIC_INIT(1), 0, 0, shared_empty.array, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, {0} };

inline int QString::grow(int size)
{
    return qAllocMore(size * sizeof(QChar), sizeof(Data)) / sizeof(QChar);
}

/*! \typedef QString::ConstIterator

    \internal

    Qt-style synonym for QString::const_iterator.
*/

/*! \typedef QString::Iterator

    \internal

    Qt-style synonym for QString::iterator.
*/

/*! \typedef QString::const_iterator

    \internal

    The QString::const_iterator typedef provides an STL-style const
    iterator for QString.

    \sa QString::iterator
*/

/*! \typedef QString::iterator

    \internal

    The QString::iterator typedef provides an STL-style non-const
    iterator for QString.

    \sa QString::const_iterator
*/

/*! \fn QString::iterator QString::begin()

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString::const_iterator QString::begin() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString::const_iterator QString::constBegin() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString::iterator QString::end()

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString::const_iterator QString::end() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString::const_iterator QString::constEnd() const

    \internal
*/

/*!
    \fn QString::QString()

    Constructs a null string. Null strings are also empty.

    \sa isEmpty()
*/

/*! \fn QString::QString(const char *str)

    Constructs a string initialized with the ASCII string \a str. \a
    str is converted to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this constructor by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.

    \sa fromAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromLocal8Bit(), fromUtf8()
*/

/*! \fn QString QString::fromStdString(const std::string &str)

    Returns a copy of \a str. \a str is converted to Unicode using
    fromAscii().

    This constructor is only available if Qt is configured with STL
    compatibility enabled.

    \sa  fromAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromLocal8Bit(), fromUtf8()
*/

#ifndef QT_NO_STL
/*! \fn QString QString::fromStdWString(const std::wstring &str)

    Returns a copy of \a str. \a str is assumed to be encoded in
    utf16 if the size of wchar_t is 2 bytes (e.g. on windows) and ucs4
    if the size of wchar_t is 4 bytes (most Unix systems).

    This constructor is only available if Qt is configured with STL
    compatibility enabled.

    \sa fromUtf16(), fromLatin1(), fromLocal8Bit(), fromUtf8()
*/

/*! \internal
*/
00597 QString QString::fromWCharArray(const wchar_t *a, int l)
{
    QString s;
    if (sizeof(wchar_t) == sizeof(QChar)) {
        s = fromUtf16((ushort *)a);
    } else {
        s.resize(l*2); // worst case
        QChar *uc = s.data();
        for (int i = 0; i < l; ++i) {
            uint u = a[i];
            if (u > 0xffff) {
                // decompose into a surrogate pair
                u -= 0x10000;
                *uc = QChar(u/0x400 + 0xd800);
                ++uc;
                u = u%0x400 + 0xdc00;
            }
            *uc = QChar(u);
            ++uc;
        }
        s.resize(uc - s.data());
    }
    return s;
}

/*! \fn std::wstring QString::toStdWString() const

    Returns a std::wstring object with the data contained in this
    QString. The std::wstring is encoded in utf16 on platforms where
    wchar_t is 2 bytes wide (e.g. windows) and in ucs4 on platforms
    where wchar_t is 4 bytes wide (most Unix systems).

    This operator is mostly useful to pass a QString to a function
    that accepts a std::wstring object.

    This operator is only available if Qt is configured with STL
    compatibility enabled.

    \sa utf16(), toAscii(), toLatin1(), toUtf8(), toLocal8Bit()
*/

/*! \internal
*/
00640 int QString::toWCharArray(wchar_t *array) const
{
    if (sizeof(wchar_t) == sizeof(QChar)) {
        memcpy(array, utf16(), sizeof(wchar_t)*length());
        return length();
    } else {
        wchar_t *a = array;
        const unsigned short *uc = utf16();
        for (int i = 0; i < length(); ++i) {
            uint u = uc[i];
            if (u >= 0xd800 && u < 0xdc00 && i < length()-1) {
                ushort low = uc[i+1];
                if (low >= 0xdc00 && low < 0xe000) {
                    ++i;
                    u = (u - 0xd800)*0x400 + (low - 0xdc00) + 0x10000;
                }
            }
            *a = wchar_t(u);
            ++a;
        }
        return a - array;
    }
}
#endif

/*! \fn QString::QString(const QString &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.

    This operation takes \l{constant time}, because QString is
    \l{implicitly shared}. This makes returning a QString from a
    function very fast. If a shared instance is modified, it will be
    copied (copy-on-write), and that takes \l{linear time}.

    \sa operator=()
*/

/*!
    Constructs a string initialized with the first \a size characters
    of the QChar array \a unicode.

    QString makes a deep copy of the string data.
*/
00683 QString::QString(const QChar *unicode, int size)
{
   if (!unicode) {
        d = &shared_null;
        d->ref.ref();
    } else if (size <= 0) {
        d = &shared_empty;
        d->ref.ref();
    } else {
        d = (Data*) qMalloc(sizeof(Data)+size*sizeof(QChar));
        d->ref.init(1);
        d->alloc = d->size = size;
        d->clean = d->asciiCache = d->simpletext = d->righttoleft = 0;
        d->data = d->array;
        memcpy(d->array, unicode, size * sizeof(QChar));
        d->array[size] = '\0';
    }
}


/*!
    Constructs a string of size \a size with every character set to
    \a ch.

    \sa fill()
*/
00709 QString::QString(int size, QChar ch)
{
   if (size <= 0) {
        d = &shared_empty;
        d->ref.ref();
    } else {
        d = (Data*) qMalloc(sizeof(Data)+size*sizeof(QChar));
        d->ref.init(1);
        d->alloc = d->size = size;
        d->clean = d->asciiCache = d->simpletext = d->righttoleft = 0;
        d->data = d->array;
        d->array[size] = '\0';
        QChar *i = (QChar*)d->array + size;
        QChar *b = (QChar*)d->array;
        while (i != b)
           *--i = ch;
    }
}

/*! \fn QString::QString(const QLatin1String &str)

    Constructs a copy of the Latin-1 string \a str.

    \sa fromLatin1()
*/

/*!
    Constructs a string of size 1 containing the character \a ch.
*/
00738 QString::QString(QChar ch)
{
    d = (Data *)qMalloc(sizeof(Data) + sizeof(QChar));
    d->ref.init(1);
    d->alloc = d->size = 1;
    d->clean = d->asciiCache = d->simpletext = d->righttoleft = 0;
    d->data = d->array;
    d->array[0] = ch.unicode();
    d->array[1] = '\0';
}

/*! \fn QString::QString(const QByteArray &ba)

    Constructs a string initialized with the byte array \a ba. \a ba
    is converted to Unicode using fromAscii(). Stops copying at the
    first 0 character, otherwise copies the entire byte array.

    You can disable this constructor by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString::QString(const Null &)
    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(const Null &)
    \internal
*/

/*!
  \fn QString::~QString()

    Destroys the string.
*/


/*! \fn void QString::detach()

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn void QString::isDetached() const

    \internal
*/

void QString::free(Data *d)
{
#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT
    if (d->asciiCache) {
        Q_ASSERT(asciiCache);
        asciiCache->remove(d);
    }
#endif
    qFree(d);
}

/*!
    Sets the size of the string to \a size characters.

    If \a size is greater than the current size, the string is
    extended to make it \a size characters long with the extra
    characters added to the end. The new characters are uninitialized.

    If \a size is less than the current size, characters are removed
    from the end.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Hello world";
        str.resize(5);
        // str == "Hello"

        str.resize(8);
        // str == "Hello???" (where ? stands for any character)
    \endcode

    If you want to append a certain number of identical characters to
    the string, use operator+=() as follows rather than resize():

    \code
        QString str = "Hello";
        str += QString(10, 'X');
        // str == "HelloXXXXXXXXXX"
    \endcode

    If you want to expand the string so that it reaches a certain
    width and fill the new positions with a particular character, use
    leftJustified():

    \code
        QString str = "Hello";
        str = str.leftJustified(10, ' ');
        // str == "Hello     "
    \endcode

    \sa truncate(), reserve()
*/

00839 void QString::resize(int size)
{
    if (size <= 0) {
        Data *x = &shared_empty;
        x->ref.ref();
        x = qAtomicSetPtr(&d, x);
        if (!x->ref.deref())
            free(x);
    } else {
        if (d->ref != 1 || size > d->alloc || (size < d->size && size < d->alloc >> 1))
            realloc(grow(size));
        if (d->alloc >= size) {
            d->size = size;
            d->data = d->array;
            d->array[size] = '\0';
        }
    }
}

/*! \fn int QString::capacity() const

    Returns the maximum number of characters that can be stored in
    the string without forcing a reallocation.

    The sole purpose of this function is to provide a means of fine
    tuning QString's memory usage. In general, you will rarely ever
    need to call this function. If you want to know how many
    characters are in the string, call size().

    \sa reserve(), squeeze()
*/

/*!
    \fn void QString::reserve(int size)

    Attempts to allocate memory for at least \a size characters. If
    you know in advance how large the string will be, you can call
    this function, and if you resize the string often you are likely
    to get better performance. If \a size is an underestimate, the
    worst that will happen is that the QString will be a bit slower.

    The sole purpose of this function is to provide a means of fine
    tuning QString's memory usage. In general, you will rarely ever
    need to call this function. If you want to change the size of the
    string, call resize().

    This function is useful for code that needs to build up a long
    string and wants to avoid repeated reallocation. In this example,
    we want to add to the string until some condition is true, and
    we're fairly sure that size is large enough to make a call to
    reserve() worthwhile:

    \code
        QString result;
        int len = 0;
        result.reserve(maxSize);
        while (...) {
            result[len++] = getNextChar(); // fill part of the space
        }
        result.squeeze();
    \endcode

    \sa squeeze(), capacity()
*/

/*!
    \fn void QString::squeeze()

    Releases any memory not required to store the character data.

    The sole purpose of this function is to provide a means of fine
    tuning QString's memory usage. In general, you will rarely ever
    need to call this function.

    \sa reserve(), capacity()
*/

void QString::realloc(int alloc)
{
    if (d->ref != 1 || d->data != d->array) {
        Data *x = static_cast<Data *>(qMalloc(sizeof(Data) + alloc * sizeof(QChar)));
        if (!x)
            return;
        x->size = qMin(alloc, d->size);
        ::memcpy(x->array, d->data, x->size * sizeof(QChar));
        x->array[x->size] = 0;
        x->asciiCache = 0;
        x->ref.init(1);
        x->alloc = alloc;
        x->clean = d->clean;
        x->simpletext = d->simpletext;
        x->righttoleft = d->righttoleft;
        x->data = x->array;
        x = qAtomicSetPtr(&d, x);
        if (!x->ref.deref())
            free(x);
    } else {
#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT
        if (d->asciiCache) {
            Q_ASSERT(asciiCache);
            asciiCache->remove(d);
        }
#endif
        Data *x = static_cast<Data *>(qRealloc(d, sizeof(Data) + alloc * sizeof(QChar)));
        if (!x)
            return;
        x->alloc = alloc;
        x->data = x->array;
        d = x;
    }
}

void QString::realloc()
{
    realloc(d->size);
}

void QString::expand(int i)
{
    int sz = d->size;
    resize(qMax(i + 1, sz));
    if (d->size - 1 > sz) {
        ushort *n = d->data + d->size - 1;
        ushort *e = d->data + sz;
        while (n != e)
           * --n = ' ';
    }
}

/*! \fn void QString::clear()

    Clears the contents of the string and makes it empty.

    \sa resize(), isEmpty()
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(const QString &other)

    Assigns \a other to this string and returns a reference to this
    string.
*/

00981 QString &QString::operator=(const QString &other)
{
    Data *x = other.d;
    x->ref.ref();
    x = qAtomicSetPtr(&d, x);
    if (!x->ref.deref())
        free(x);
    return *this;
}


/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(const QLatin1String &str)

    \overload

    Assigns the Latin-1 string \a str to this string.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(const QByteArray &ba)

    \overload

    Assigns \a ba to this string. \a ba is converted to Unicode using
    fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for exaple.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(const char *str)

    \overload

    Assigns \a str to this string. \a str is converted to Unicode
    using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator=(char ch)

    \overload

    Assigns character \a ch to this string. The character is converted
    to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*!
    \overload

    Sets the string to contain the single character \a ch.
*/
01043 QString &QString::operator=(QChar ch)
{
    return operator=(QString(ch));
}

/*! \fn QString& QString::insert(int i, const QString &str)

    Inserts the string \a str at index position \a i and returns a
    reference to this string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Meal";
        str.insert(1, QString("ontr"));
        // str == "Montreal"
    \endcode

    If \a i is greater than size(), the array is first extended using
    resize().

    \sa append(), prepend(), replace(), remove()
*/


/*! \overload

    Inserts the Latin-1 string \a str at index position \a i.
*/
01071 QString &QString::insert(int i, const QLatin1String &str)
{
    const uchar *s = (const uchar *)str.latin1();
    if (i < 0 || !s || !(*s))
        return *this;

    int len = qstrlen(str.latin1());
    expand(qMax(d->size, i) + len - 1);

    ::memmove(d->data + i + len, d->data + i, (d->size - i - len) * sizeof(QChar));
    for (int j = 0; j < len; ++j)
        d->data[i + j] = s[j];
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Inserts the first \a size characters of the QChar array \a
    unicode at index position \a i in the string.
*/
01091 QString& QString::insert(int i, const QChar *unicode, int size)
{
    if (i < 0 || size <= 0)
        return *this;

    const ushort *s = (const ushort *)unicode;
    if (s >= d->data && s < d->data + d->alloc) {
        // Part of me - take a copy
        ushort *tmp = static_cast<ushort *>(malloc(size * sizeof(QChar)));
        memcpy(tmp, s, size * sizeof(QChar));
        insert(i, reinterpret_cast<const QChar *>(tmp), size);
        ::free(tmp);
        return *this;
    }

    expand(qMax(d->size, i) + size - 1);

    ::memmove(d->data + i + size, d->data + i, (d->size - i - size) * sizeof(QChar));
    memcpy(d->data + i, s, size * sizeof(QChar));
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Inserts \a ch at index position \a i in the string.
*/

01118 QString& QString::insert(int i, QChar ch)
{
    if (i < 0)
        i += d->size;
    if (i < 0)
        return *this;
    expand(qMax(i, d->size));
    ::memmove(d->data + i + 1, d->data + i, (d->size - i) * sizeof(QChar));
    d->data[i] = ch.unicode();
    return *this;
}

/*!
    Appends the string \a str onto the end of this string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "free";
        QString y = "dom";
        x.append(y);
        // x == "freedom"
    \endcode

    This is the same as insert(size(), \a str).

    This operation is typically very fast (\l{constant time}),
    because QString preallocates extra space at the end of the string
    data so it can grow without reallocating the entire string each
    time.

    \sa operator+=(), prepend(), insert()
*/
01150 QString &QString::append(const QString &str)
{
    if (str.d != &shared_null) {
        if (d == &shared_null) {
            operator=(str);
        } else {
            if (d->ref != 1 || d->size + str.d->size > d->alloc)
                realloc(grow(d->size + str.d->size));
            memcpy(d->data + d->size, str.d->data, str.d->size * sizeof(QChar));
            d->size += str.d->size;
            d->data[d->size] = '\0';
        }
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Appends the Latin-1 string \a str to this string.
*/
01170 QString &QString::append(const QLatin1String &str)
{
    const uchar *s = (const uchar *)str.latin1();
    if (s) {
        int len = qstrlen((char *)s);
        if (d->ref != 1 || d->size + len > d->alloc)
            realloc(grow(d->size + len));
        ushort *i = d->data + d->size;
        while ((*i++ = *s++))
            ;
        d->size += len;
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \fn QString &QString::append(const QByteArray &ba)

    \overload

    Appends the byte array \a ba to this string. \a ba is converted
    to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::append(const char *str)

    \overload

    Appends the string \a str to this string. \a str is converted to
    Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*!
    \overload

    Appends the character \a ch to this string.
*/
01216 QString &QString::append(QChar ch)
{
    if (d->ref != 1 || d->size + 1 > d->alloc)
        realloc(grow(d->size + 1));
    d->data[d->size++] = ch.unicode();
    d->data[d->size] = '\0';
    return *this;
}

/*! \fn QString &QString::prepend(const QString &str)

    Prepends the string \a str to the beginning of this string and
    returns a reference to this string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "ship";
        QString y = "air";
        x.prepend(y);
        // x == "airship"
    \endcode

    \sa append(), insert()
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::prepend(const QLatin1String &str)

    \overload

    Prepends the Latin-1 string \a str to this string.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::prepend(const QByteArray &ba)

    \overload

    Prepends the byte array \a ba to this string. \a ba is converted
    to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::prepend(const char *str)

    \overload

    Prepends the string \a str to this string. \a str is converted to
    Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::prepend(QChar ch)

    \overload

    Prepends the character \a ch to this string.
*/

/*!
    Removes \a len characters from the string, starting at index
    position \a pos, and returns a reference to the string.

    If \a pos is within the string, but \a pos + \a len is beyond the
    end of the string, the string is truncated at position \a pos.

    \code
        QString str = "Montreal";
        str.remove(1, 4);
        // str == "Meal"
    \endcode

    \sa insert(), replace()
*/

01297 QString &QString::remove(int pos, int len)
{
    if (pos < 0)
        pos += d->size;
    if (pos < 0 || pos >= d->size) {
        // range problems
    } else if (pos + len >= d->size) {  // pos ok
        resize(pos);
    } else if (len > 0) {
        detach();
        memmove(d->data + pos, d->data + pos + len,
                (d->size - pos - len + 1) * sizeof(ushort));
        d->size -= len;
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Removes every occurrence of \a str in this string. Returns a
    reference to this string.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    This is the same as replace(\a str, "", \a cs).
*/
01324 QString &QString::remove(const QString &str, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    if (str.d->size) {
        int i = 0;
        while ((i = indexOf(str, i, cs)) != -1)
            remove(i, str.d->size);
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Removes every occurrence of the character \a ch in this string,
    and returns a reference to this string.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Ali Baba";
        str.remove(QChar('a'), Qt::CaseInsensitive);
        // str == "li Bb"
    \endcode

    This is the same as replace(\a ch, "", \a cs).
*/
01351 QString &QString::remove(QChar ch, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    int i = 0;
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        while (i < d->size)
            if (*((const QChar*)d->data + i) == ch)
                remove(i, 1);
            else
                i++;
    } else {
        ch = ::lower(ch);
        while (i < d->size)
            if (::lower(*((const QChar*)d->data + i)) == ch)
                remove(i, 1);
            else
                i++;
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \fn QString &QString::remove(const QRegExp &rx)

    \overload

    Removes every occurrence of the regular expression \a rx in the
    string, and returns a reference to the string. For example:

    \code
        QString str = "Telephone";
        str.remove(QRegExp("[aeiou]."));
        // str == "The"
    \endcode

    \sa indexOf(), lastIndexOf(), replace()
*/

/*!
    Replaces \a len characters from index position \a pos with the
    string \a after, and returns a reference to this string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "Say yes!";
        QString y = "no";
        x.replace(4, 3, y);
        // x == "Say no!"
    \endcode

    \sa insert(), remove()
*/

01402 QString &QString::replace(int pos, int len, const QString &after)
{
    QString copy = after;
    remove(pos, len);
    return insert(pos, copy.constData(), copy.d->size);
}

/*! \overload

    Replaces \a len characters from index position \a pos with the
    first \a size characters of the QChar array \a unicode.
*/
01414 QString &QString::replace(int pos, int len, const QChar *unicode, int size)
{
    remove(pos, len);
    return insert(pos, unicode, size);
}

/*!
    \overload

    Replaces \a len characters from index position \a pos with the
    character \a after.
*/
01426 QString &QString::replace(int pos, int len, QChar after)
{
    remove(pos, len);
    return insert(pos, after);
}

/*! \overload

    Replaces every occurrence of the string \a before with the string
    \a after.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "colour behaviour flavour neighbour";
        str.replace(QString("ou"), QString("o"));
        // str == "color behavior flavor neighbor"
    \endcode
*/
01447 QString &QString::replace(const QString &before, const QString &after, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    if (d->size == 0) {
        if (before.d->size)
            return *this;
    } else {
        if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive && before == after)
            return *this;
    }
    if (d->ref != 1)
        realloc(d->size);

    QStringMatcher matcher(before, cs);
    int index = 0;
    const int bl = before.d->size;
    const int al = after.d->size;

    if (bl == al) {
        if (bl) {
            const QChar *auc = (const QChar*) after.d->data;
            while ((index = matcher.indexIn(*this, index)) != -1) {
                // we need memmove(), not memcpy(), in the rare case where
                // this == &after, before == after, and cs is Qt::CaseInsensitive
                memmove(d->data + index, auc, al * sizeof(QChar));
                index += bl;
            }
        }
    } else if (al < bl) {
        const QChar *auc = after.unicode();
        uint to = 0;
        uint movestart = 0;
        uint num = 0;
        while ((index = matcher.indexIn(*this, index)) != -1) {
            if (num) {
                int msize = index - movestart;
                if (msize > 0) {
                    memmove(d->data + to, d->data + movestart, msize * sizeof(QChar));
                    to += msize;
                }
            } else {
                to = index;
            }
            if (al) {
                memcpy(d->data+to, auc, al*sizeof(QChar));
                to += al;
            }
            index += bl;
            movestart = index;
            num++;
        }
        if (num) {
            int msize = d->size - movestart;
            if (msize > 0)
                memmove(d->data + to, d->data + movestart, msize * sizeof(QChar));
            resize(d->size - num*(bl-al));
        }
    } else {
        const QString copy = after;

        // the most complex case. We don't want to lose performance by doing repeated
        // copies and reallocs of the string.
        while (index != -1) {
            uint indices[4096];
            uint pos = 0;
            while (pos < 4095) {
                index = matcher.indexIn(*this, index);
                if (index == -1)
                    break;
                indices[pos++] = index;
                index += bl;
                // avoid infinite loop
                if (!bl)
                    index++;
            }
            if (!pos)
                break;

            // we have a table of replacement positions, use them for fast replacing
            int adjust = pos*(al-bl);
            // index has to be adjusted in case we get back into the loop above.
            if (index != -1)
                index += adjust;
            int newLen = d->size + adjust;
            int moveend = d->size;
            if (newLen > d->size)
                resize(newLen);

            while (pos) {
                pos--;
                int movestart = indices[pos] + bl;
                int insertstart = indices[pos] + pos*(al-bl);
                int moveto = insertstart + al;
                memmove(d->data + moveto, d->data + movestart, (moveend - movestart)*sizeof(QChar));
                memcpy(d->data + insertstart, copy.unicode(), al*sizeof(QChar));
                moveend = movestart-bl;
            }
        }
    }
    return *this;
}

/*! \overload

    Replaces every occurrence of the character \a ch in the string
    with \a after. Returns a reference to the string.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.
*/

01557 QString& QString::replace(QChar ch, const QString &after, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    return replace(QString(ch), after, cs);
}

/*! \overload

    Replaces every occurrence of the character \a before with the
    character \a after. Returns a reference to the string.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.
*/
01570 QString& QString::replace(QChar before, QChar after, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)
{
    if (d->size) {
        QChar *i = data();
        QChar *e = i + d->size;
        if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
            for (; i != e; ++i)
                if (*i == before)
                   * i = after;
        } else {
            before = ::lower(before);
            for (; i != e; ++i)
                if (::lower(*i) == before)
                   * i = after;
        }
    }
    return *this;
}

/*!
    Returns true if string \a other is equal to this string;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/
01598 bool QString::operator==(const QString &other) const
{
    return (size() == other.size()) &&
        (memcmp((char*)unicode(),(char*)other.unicode(), size()*sizeof(QChar))==0);
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
01607 bool QString::operator==(const QLatin1String &other) const
{
    const ushort *uc = d->data;
    const ushort *e = uc + d->size;
    const uchar *c = (uchar *)other.latin1();

    if (!c)
        return isEmpty();

    while (*c) {
        if (uc == e || *uc != *c)
            return false;
        ++uc;
        ++c;
    }
    return (uc == e);
}

/*! \fn bool QString::operator==(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator==(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*!
    Returns true if this string is lexically less than string \a
    other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/
01658 bool QString::operator<(const QString &other) const
{
    return ucstrcmp(*this, other) < 0;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
01666 bool QString::operator<(const QLatin1String &other) const
{
    const ushort *uc = d->data;
    const ushort *e = uc + d->size;
    const uchar *c = (uchar *) other.latin1();

    if (!c || *c == 0)
        return false;

    while (*c) {
        if (uc == e || *uc != *c)
            break;
        ++uc;
        ++c;
    }
    return (uc == e ? *c : *uc < *c);
}

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically less than or equal to
    string \a other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<=(const QLatin1String &other) const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<=(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator<=(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically greater than string \a
    other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*!
    \overload
*/
01762 bool QString::operator>(const QLatin1String &other) const
{
    const ushort *uc = d->data;;
    const ushort *e = uc + d->size;
    const uchar *c = (uchar *) other.latin1();

    if (!c || *c == '\0')
        return !isEmpty();

    while (*c) {
        if (uc == e || *uc != *c)
            break;
        ++uc;
        ++c;
    }
    return (uc == e ? false : *uc > *c);
}

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically greater than or equal to
    string \a other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>=(const QLatin1String &other) const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>=(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator>=(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator!=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is not equal to string \a other;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator!=(const QLatin1String &other) const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator!=(const QByteArray &other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::operator!=(const char *other) const

    \overload

    \a other is converted to a QString using fromAscii().

    You can disable this operator by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

#define REHASH(a) \
    if (sl_minus_1 < (int)sizeof(int) * CHAR_BIT)       \
        hashHaystack -= (a) << sl_minus_1; \
    hashHaystack <<= 1

/*!
    Returns the index position of the first occurrence of the string
    \a str in this string, searching forward from index position \a
    from. Returns -1 if \a str is not found.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "sticky question";
        QString y = "sti";
        x.indexOf(y);               // returns 0
        x.indexOf(y, 1);            // returns 10
        x.indexOf(y, 10);           // returns 10
        x.indexOf(y, 11);           // returns -1
    \endcode

    If \a from is -1, the search starts at the last character; if it
    is -2, at the next to last character and so on.

    \sa lastIndexOf(), contains(), count()
*/
01912 int QString::indexOf(const QString &str, int from, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    const int l = d->size;
    const int sl = str.d->size;
    if (from < 0)
        from += l;
    if (sl + from > l)
        return -1;
    if (!sl)
        return from;
    if (!l)
        return -1;

    if (sl == 1)
        return indexOf(*(const QChar *)str.d->data, from, cs);

    /*
        We use the Boyer-Moore algorithm in cases where the overhead
        for the skip table should pay off, otherwise we use a simple
        hash function.
    */
    if (l > 500 && sl > 5)
        return QStringMatcher(str, cs).indexIn(*this, from);

    /*
        We use some hashing for efficiency's sake. Instead of
        comparing strings, we compare the hash value of str with that
        of a part of this QString. Only if that matches, we call
        ucstrncmp() or ucstrnicmp().
    */
    const QChar *needle = (const QChar*) str.d->data;
    const QChar *haystack = (const QChar*) d->data + from;
    const QChar *end = (const QChar*) d->data + (l-sl);
    const int sl_minus_1 = sl-1;
    int hashNeedle = 0, hashHaystack = 0, idx;

    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        for (idx = 0; idx < sl; ++idx) {
            hashNeedle = ((hashNeedle<<1) + needle[idx].unicode());
            hashHaystack = ((hashHaystack<<1) + haystack[idx].unicode());
        }
        hashHaystack -= (haystack+sl_minus_1)->unicode();

        while (haystack <= end) {
            hashHaystack += (haystack+sl_minus_1)->unicode();
            if (hashHaystack == hashNeedle
                 && ucstrncmp(needle, haystack, sl) == 0)
                return haystack-unicode();

            REHASH(haystack->unicode());
            ++haystack;
        }
    } else {
        for (idx = 0; idx < sl; ++idx) {
            hashNeedle = ((hashNeedle<<1) +
                          ::lower(needle[idx].unicode()).unicode());
            hashHaystack = ((hashHaystack<<1) +
                            ::lower(haystack[idx].unicode()).unicode());
        }

        hashHaystack -= ::lower(*(haystack+sl_minus_1)).unicode();
        while (haystack <= end) {
            hashHaystack += ::lower(*(haystack+sl_minus_1)).unicode();
            if (hashHaystack == hashNeedle
                 && ucstrnicmp(needle, haystack, sl) == 0)
                return haystack-unicode();

            REHASH(::lower(*haystack).unicode());
            ++haystack;
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

/*!
    \overload

    Returns the index position of the first occurrence of the
    character \a ch in the string, searching forward from index
    position \a from. Returns -1 if \a ch could not be found.
*/
01993 int QString::indexOf(QChar ch, int from, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (from < 0)
        from = qMax(from + d->size, 0);
    if (from  < d->size) {
        const QChar *n = (const QChar*)d->data + from - 1;
        const QChar *e = (const QChar*)d->data + d->size;
        if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
            while (++n != e)
                if (*n == ch)
                    return  n - (const QChar*)d->data;
        } else {
            ch = ::lower(ch);
            while (++n != e)
                if (::lower(*n) == ch)
                    return  n - (const QChar*)d->data;
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

/*!
    Returns the index position of the last occurrence of the string
    \a str in this string, searching backward from index position \a
    from. If \a from is -1 (the default), the search starts at the
    last character; if \a from is -2, at the next to last character
    and so on. Returns -1 if \a str is not found.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "crazy azimuths";
        QString y = "az";
        x.lastIndexOf(y);           // returns 6
        x.lastIndexOf(y, 6);        // returns 6
        x.lastIndexOf(y, 5);        // returns 2
        x.lastIndexOf(y, 1);        // returns -1
    \endcode

    \sa indexOf(), contains(), count()
*/
02036 int QString::lastIndexOf(const QString &str, int from, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    /*
        See indexOf() for explanations.
    */
    const int l = d->size;
    if (from < 0)
        from += l;
    const int sl = str.d->size;
    int delta = l-sl;
    if (from == l && sl == 0)
        return from;
    if (from < 0 || from >= l || delta < 0)
        return -1;
    if (from > delta)
        from = delta;

    if (sl == 1)
        return lastIndexOf(*(const QChar*) str.d->data, from, cs);

    const QChar *needle = (const QChar*) str.d->data;
    const QChar *haystack = (const QChar*) d->data + from;
    const QChar *end = (const QChar*) d->data;
    const int sl_minus_1 = sl-1;
    const QChar *n = needle+sl_minus_1;
    const QChar *h = haystack+sl_minus_1;
    int hashNeedle = 0, hashHaystack = 0, idx;

    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        for (idx = 0; idx < sl; ++idx) {
            hashNeedle = ((hashNeedle<<1) + (n-idx)->unicode());
            hashHaystack = ((hashHaystack<<1) + (h-idx)->unicode());
        }
        hashHaystack -= haystack->unicode();

        while (haystack >= end) {
            hashHaystack += haystack->unicode();
            if (hashHaystack == hashNeedle
                 && ucstrncmp(needle, haystack, sl) == 0)
                return haystack-unicode();
            --haystack;
            REHASH((haystack+sl)->unicode());
        }
    } else {
        for (idx = 0; idx < sl; ++idx) {
            hashNeedle = ((hashNeedle<<1)
                          + ::lower((n-idx)->unicode()).unicode());
            hashHaystack = ((hashHaystack<<1)
                            + ::lower((h-idx)->unicode()).unicode());
        }
        hashHaystack -= ::lower(*haystack).unicode();

        while (haystack >= end) {
            hashHaystack += ::lower(*haystack).unicode();
            if (hashHaystack == hashNeedle
                 && ucstrnicmp(needle, haystack, sl) == 0)
                return haystack-unicode();
            --haystack;
            REHASH(::lower(*(haystack+sl)).unicode());
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

/*! \overload

    Returns the index position of the last occurrence of the
    character \a ch, searching backward from position \a from.
*/
02105 int QString::lastIndexOf(QChar ch, int from, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (from < 0)
        from += d->size;
    if (from < 0 || from >= d->size)
        return -1;
    if (from >= 0) {
        const QChar *n =  (const QChar*)d->data + from;
        const QChar *b = (const QChar*)d->data;
        if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
            for (; n >= b; --n)
                if (*n == ch)
                    return  n - b;
        } else {
            ch = ::lower(ch);
            for (; n >= b; --n)
                if (::lower(*n) == ch)
                    return  n - b;
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

#ifndef QT_NO_REGEXP
/*! \overload

    Replaces every occurrence of the regular expression \a rx in the
    string with \a after. Returns a reference to the string. For
    example:
    \code
        QString str = "Banana";
        str.replace(QRegExp("a[mn]"), "ox");
        // str == "Boxoxa"
    \endcode

    For regular expressions containing \l{capturing parentheses},
    occurrences of \bold{\\1}, \bold{\\2}, ..., in \a after are
    replaced with \a{rx}.cap(1), cap(2), ...

    \code
        QString str = "A <i>bon mot</i>.";
        str.replace(QRegExp("<i>([^<]*)</i>"), "\\emph{\\1}");
        // str == "A \\emph{bon mot}."
    \endcode

    \sa indexOf(), lastIndexOf(), remove(), QRegExp::cap()
*/
02152 QString& QString::replace(const QRegExp &rx, const QString &after)
{
    QRegExp rx2(rx);

    if (isEmpty() && rx2.indexIn(*this) == -1)
        return *this;

    realloc();

    int index = 0;
    int numCaptures = rx2.numCaptures();
    int al = after.length();
    QRegExp::CaretMode caretMode = QRegExp::CaretAtZero;

    if (numCaptures > 0) {
        if (numCaptures > 9)
            numCaptures = 9;

        const QChar *uc = after.unicode();
        int numBackRefs = 0;

        for (int i = 0; i < al - 1; i++) {
            if (uc[i] == QLatin1Char('\\')) {
                int no = uc[i + 1].digitValue();
                if (no > 0 && no <= numCaptures)
                    numBackRefs++;
            }
        }

        /*
          This is the harder case where we have back-references.
          We don't try to optimize it.
        */
        if (numBackRefs > 0) {
            int *capturePositions = new int[numBackRefs];
            int *captureNumbers = new int[numBackRefs];
            int j = 0;

            for (int i = 0; i < al - 1; i++) {
                if (uc[i] == QLatin1Char('\\')) {
                    int no = uc[i + 1].digitValue();
                    if (no > 0 && no <= numCaptures) {
                        capturePositions[j] = i;
                        captureNumbers[j] = no;
                        j++;
                    }
                }
            }

            while (index <= length()) {
                index = rx2.indexIn(*this, index, caretMode);
                if (index == -1)
                    break;

                QString after2 = after;
                for (j = numBackRefs - 1; j >= 0; j--)
                    after2.replace(capturePositions[j], 2,
                                    rx2.cap(captureNumbers[j]));

                replace(index, rx2.matchedLength(), after2);
                index += after2.length();

                if (rx2.matchedLength() == 0) {
                    // avoid infinite loop on 0-length matches (e.g., [a-z]*)
                    index++;
                }
                caretMode = QRegExp::CaretWontMatch;
            }
            delete[] capturePositions;
            delete[] captureNumbers;
            return *this;
        }
    }

    /*
      This is the simple and optimized case where we don't have
      back-references.
   */
    while (index != -1) {
        struct {
            int pos;
            int length;
        } replacements[2048];

        int pos = 0;
        int adjust = 0;
        while (pos < 2047) {
            index = rx2.indexIn(*this, index, caretMode);
            if (index == -1)
                break;
            int ml = rx2.matchedLength();
            replacements[pos].pos = index;
            replacements[pos++].length = ml;
            index += ml;
            adjust += al - ml;
            // avoid infinite loop
            if (!ml)
                index++;
        }
        if (!pos)
            break;
        replacements[pos].pos = d->size;
        int newlen = d->size + adjust;

        // to continue searching at the right position after we did
        // the first round of replacements
        if (index != -1)
            index += adjust;
        QString newstring;
        newstring.reserve(newlen + 1);
        QChar *newuc = newstring.data();
        QChar *uc = newuc;
        int copystart = 0;
        int i = 0;
        while (i < pos) {
            int copyend = replacements[i].pos;
            int size = copyend - copystart;
            memcpy(uc, d->data + copystart, size * sizeof(QChar));
            uc += size;
            memcpy(uc, after.d->data, al * sizeof(QChar));
            uc += al;
            copystart = copyend + replacements[i].length;
            i++;
        }
        memcpy(uc, d->data + copystart, (d->size - copystart) * sizeof(QChar));
        newstring.resize(newlen);
        *this = newstring;
        caretMode = QRegExp::CaretWontMatch;
    }
    return *this;
}
#endif

/*!
    Returns the number of (potentially overlapping) occurrences of
    the string \a str in this string.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    \sa contains(), indexOf()
*/
02294 int QString::count(const QString &str, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    int num = 0;
    int i = -1;
    if (d->size > 500 && str.d->size > 5) {
        QStringMatcher matcher(str, cs);
        while ((i = matcher.indexIn(*this, i + 1)) != -1)
            ++num;
    } else {
        while ((i = indexOf(str, i + 1, cs)) != -1)
            ++num;
    }
    return num;
}

/*! \overload

    Returns the number of occurrences of character \a ch in the
    string.
*/
02314 int QString::count(QChar ch, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    int num = 0;
    const QChar *i = (const QChar*) d->data + d->size;
    const QChar *b = (const QChar*) d->data;
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        while (i != b)
            if (*--i == ch)
                ++num;
    } else {
        ch = ::lower(ch);
        while (i != b)
            if (::lower(*--i) == ch)
                ++num;
    }
    return num;
}

/*! \fn bool QString::contains(const QString &str, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs = Qt::CaseSensitive) const

    Returns true if this string contains an occurrence of the string
    \a str; otherwise returns false.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Peter Pan";
        str.contains("peter", Qt::CaseInsensitive);    // returns true
    \endcode

    \sa indexOf(), count()
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::contains(QChar ch, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs = Qt::CaseSensitive) const

    \overload

    Returns true if this string contains an occurrence of the
    character \a ch; otherwise returns false.
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::contains(const QRegExp &rx) const

    \overload

    Returns true if the regular expression \a rx matches somewhere in
    this string; otherwise returns false.
*/

#ifndef QT_NO_REGEXP
/*!
    \overload

    Returns the index position of the first match of the regular
    expression \a rx in the string, searching forward from index
    position \a from. Returns -1 if \a rx didn't match anywhere.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "the minimum";
        str.indexOf(QRegExp("m[aeiou]"), 0);       // returns 4
    \endcode
*/
02379 int QString::indexOf(const QRegExp& rx, int from) const
{
    return rx.indexIn(*this, from);
}

/*!
    \overload

    Returns the index position of the last match of the regular
    expression \a rx in the string, searching backward from index
    position \a from. Returns -1 if \a rx didn't match anywhere.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "the minimum";
        str.lastIndexOf(QRegExp("m[aeiou]"));      // returns 8
    \endcode
*/
02397 int QString::lastIndexOf(const QRegExp& rx, int from) const
{
    return rx.lastIndexIn(*this, from);
}

/*! \overload

    Returns the number of times the regular expression \a rx matches
    in the string.

    This function counts overlapping matches, so in the example
    below, there are four instances of "ana" or "ama":

    \code
        QString str = "banana and panama";
        str.contains(QRegExp("a[nm]a"));    // returns 4
    \endcode
*/
02415 int QString::count(const QRegExp& rx) const
{
    int count = 0;
    int index = -1;
    int len = length();
    while (index < len - 1) {                 // count overlapping matches
        index = rx.indexIn(*this, index + 1);
        if (index == -1)
            break;
        count++;
    }
    return count;
}
#endif // QT_NO_REGEXP

/*! \fn int QString::count() const

    \overload

    Same as size().
*/


/*!
    \enum QString::SectionFlag

    \value SectionDefault Empty fields are counted, leading and
    trailing separators are not included, and the separator is
    compared case sensitively.

    \value SectionSkipEmpty Treat empty fields as if they don't exist,
    i.e. they are not considered as far as \e start and \e end are
    concerned.

    \value SectionIncludeLeadingSep Include the leading separator (if
    any) in the result string.

    \value SectionIncludeTrailingSep Include the trailing separator
    (if any) in the result string.

    \value SectionCaseInsensitiveSeps Compare the separator
    case-insensitively.

    \sa section()
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::section(QChar sep, int start, int end = -1, SectionFlags flags) const

    This function returns a section of the string.

    This string is treated as a sequence of fields separated by the
    character, \a sep. The returned string consists of the fields from
    position \a start to position \a end inclusive. If \a end is not
    specified, all fields from position \a start to the end of the
    string are included. Fields are numbered 0, 1, 2, etc., counting
    from the left, and -1, -2, etc., counting from right to left.

    The \a flags argument can be used to affect some aspects of the
    function's behavior, e.g. whether to be case sensitive, whether
    to skip empty fields and how to deal with leading and trailing
    separators; see \l{SectionFlags}.

    \code
        QString csv = "forename,middlename,surname,phone";
        QString str = csv.section(',', 2, 2);   // str == "surname"

        QString path = "/usr/local/bin/myapp"; // First field is empty
        QString str = path.section('/', 3, 4);  // str == "bin/myapp"
        QString str = path.section('/', 3, 3, SectionSkipEmpty); // str == "myapp"
    \endcode

    If \a start or \a end is negative, we count fields from the right
    of the string, the right-most field being -1, the one from
    right-most field being -2, and so on.

    \code
        QString csv = "forename,middlename,surname,phone";
        QString str = csv.section(',', -3, -2);  // str == "middlename,surname"

        QString path = "/usr/local/bin/myapp"; // First field is empty
        QString str = path.section('/', -1); // str == "myapp"
    \endcode

    \sa split()
*/

/*!
    \overload

    \code
        QString data = "forename**middlename**surname**phone";
        QString str = data.section("**", 2, 2); // str == "surname"
    \endcode

    \code
        QString data = "forename**middlename**surname**phone";
        QString str = data.section("**", -3, -2); // str == "middlename**surname"
    \endcode

    \sa split()
*/

02518 QString QString::section(const QString &sep, int start, int end, SectionFlags flags) const
{
    QStringList sections = split(sep, KeepEmptyParts,
                                 (flags & SectionCaseInsensitiveSeps) ? Qt::CaseInsensitive : Qt::CaseSensitive);
    if (sections.isEmpty())
        return QString();
    if (!(flags & SectionSkipEmpty)) {
        if (start < 0)
            start += sections.count();
        if (end < 0)
            end += sections.count();
    } else {
        int skip = 0;
        for (int k=0; k<sections.size(); ++k) {
            if (sections.at(k).isEmpty())
                skip++;
        }
        if (start < 0)
            start += sections.count() - skip;
        if (end < 0)
            end += sections.count() - skip;
    }
    int x = 0;
    QString ret;
    int first_i = start, last_i = end;
    for (int i = 0; x <= end && i < sections.size(); ++i) {
        QString section = sections.at(i);
        const bool empty = section.isEmpty();
        if (x >= start) {
            if(x == start)
                first_i = i;
            if(x == end)
                last_i = i;
            if(x > start)
                ret += sep;
            ret += section;
        }
        if (!empty || !(flags & SectionSkipEmpty))
            x++;
    }
    if((flags & SectionIncludeLeadingSep) && first_i)
        ret.prepend(sep);
    if((flags & SectionIncludeTrailingSep) && last_i < sections.size()-1)
        ret += sep;
    return ret;
}

#ifndef QT_NO_REGEXP
class qt_section_chunk {
public:
    qt_section_chunk(int l, QString s) { length = l; string = s; }
    int length;
    QString string;
};

/*!
    \overload

    This string is treated as a sequence of fields separated by the
    regular expression, \a reg.

    \code
        QString line = "forename\tmiddlename  surname \t \t phone";
        QRegExp sep("\\s+");
        QString s = line.section(sep, 2, 2); // s == "surname"
    \endcode

    \code
        QString line = "forename\tmiddlename  surname \t \t phone";
        QRegExp sep("\\s+");
        QString s = line.section(sep, -3, -2); // s == "middlename  surname"
    \endcode

    \warning Using this QRegExp version is much more expensive than
    the overloaded string and character versions.

    \sa split() simplified()
*/
02596 QString QString::section(const QRegExp &reg, int start, int end, SectionFlags flags) const
{
    const QChar *uc = unicode();
    if(!uc)
        return QString();

    QRegExp sep(reg);
    sep.setCaseSensitivity((flags & SectionCaseInsensitiveSeps) ? Qt::CaseInsensitive
                                                                : Qt::CaseSensitive);

    QList<qt_section_chunk> sections;
    int n = length(), m = 0, last_m = 0, last_len = 0;
    while ((m = sep.indexIn(*this, m)) != -1) {
        sections.append(qt_section_chunk(last_len, QString(uc + last_m, m - last_m)));
        last_m = m;
        last_len = sep.matchedLength();
        m += qMax(sep.matchedLength(), 1);
    }
    sections.append(qt_section_chunk(last_len, QString(uc + last_m, n - last_m)));

    if(start < 0)
        start += sections.count();
    if(end < 0)
        end += sections.count();

    QString ret;
    int x = 0;
    int first_i = start, last_i = end;
    for (int i = 0; x <= end && i < sections.size(); ++i) {
        const qt_section_chunk &section = sections.at(i);
        const bool empty = (section.length == section.string.length());
        if (x >= start) {
            if(x == start)
                first_i = i;
            if(x == end)
                last_i = i;
            if(x != start)
                ret += section.string;
            else
                ret += section.string.mid(section.length);
        }
        if (!empty || !(flags & SectionSkipEmpty))
            x++;
    }
    if((flags & SectionIncludeLeadingSep)) {
        const qt_section_chunk &section = sections.at(first_i);
        ret.prepend(section.string.left(section.length));
    }
    if((flags & SectionIncludeTrailingSep) && last_i+1 <= sections.size()-1) {
        const qt_section_chunk &section = sections.at(last_i+1);
        ret += section.string.left(section.length);
    }
    return ret;
}
#endif

/*!
    Returns a substring that contains the \a len leftmost characters
    of the string.

    The entire string is returned if \a len is greater than size() or
    less than zero.

    \code
        QString x = "Pineapple";
        QString y = x.left(4);      // y == "Pine"
    \endcode

    \sa right(), mid(), startsWith()
*/
02666 QString QString::left(int len)  const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return QString();
    if (len > d->size || len < 0)
        return *this;
    return QString((const QChar*) d->data, len);
}

/*!
    Returns a substring that contains the \a len rightmost characters
    of the string.

    The entire string is returned if \a len is greater than size() or
    less than zero.

    \code
        QString x = "Pineapple";
        QString y = x.right(5);     // y == "apple"
    \endcode

    \sa left(), mid(), endsWith()
*/
02689 QString QString::right(int len) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return QString();
    if (len > d->size || len < 0)
        return *this;
    return QString((const QChar*) d->data + d->size - len, len);
}

/*!
    Returns a string that contains the \a len characters of this
    string, starting at position \a i.

    Returns an empty string if index \a i exceeds the length of the
    string. If there are less than \a len characters available in the
    string starting at position \a i, or if \a len is -1 (the
    default), the function returns all characters that are available
    from position \a i.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "Nine pineapples";
        QString y = x.mid(5, 4);            // y == "pine"
        QString z = x.mid(5);               // z == "pineapples"
    \endcode

    \sa left(), right()
*/

02718 QString QString::mid(int i, int len) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null || i >= d->size)
        return QString();
    if (len < 0)
        len = d->size - i;
    if (i < 0) {
        len += i;
        i = 0;
    }
    if (len + i > d->size)
        len = d->size - i;
    if (i == 0 && len == d->size)
        return *this;
    return QString((const QChar*) d->data + i, len);
}

/*!
    Returns true if the string starts with \a s; otherwise returns
    false.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is
    case sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    \code
        QString str = "Bananas";
        str.startsWith("Ban");     // returns true
        str.startsWith("Car");     // returns false
    \endcode

    \sa endsWith()
*/
02750 bool QString::startsWith(const QString& s, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return (s.d == &shared_null);
    if (d->size == 0)
        return s.d->size == 0;
    if (s.d->size > d->size)
        return false;
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        return memcmp((char*)d->data, (char*)s.d->data, s.d->size*sizeof(QChar)) == 0;
    } else {
        for (int i = 0; i < s.d->size; ++i)
            if (::lower(d->data[i]) != ::lower(s.d->data[i]))
                return false;
    }
    return true;
}

/*!
  \overload
 */
02771 bool QString::startsWith(const QLatin1String& s, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return (s.latin1() == 0);
    if (d->size == 0)
        return !s.latin1() || *s.latin1() == 0;
    int slen = qstrlen(s.latin1());
    if (slen > d->size)
        return false;
    const uchar *latin = (const uchar *)s.latin1();
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        for (int i = 0; i < slen; ++i)
            if (d->data[i] != latin[i])
                return false;
    } else {
        for (int i = 0; i < slen; ++i)
            if (QUnicodeTables::lower(d->data[i]) != QUnicodeTables::lower(latin[i]))
                return false;
    }
    return true;
}

/*!
  \overload

  Returns true if the string starts with \a c; otherwise returns
  false.
*/
02799 bool QString::startsWith(const QChar &c, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    return d->size
           && cs == Qt::CaseSensitive
              ? d->data[0] == c
              : QUnicodeTables::lower(d->data[0]) == QUnicodeTables::lower(c.unicode());
}

/*!
    Returns true if the string ends with \a s; otherwise returns
    false.

    If \a cs is Qt::CaseSensitive (the default), the search is case
    sensitive; otherwise the search is case insensitive.

    \code
        QString str = "Bananas";
        str.endsWith("anas");         // returns true
        str.endsWith("pple");         // returns false
    \endcode

    \sa startsWith()
*/
02822 bool QString::endsWith(const QString& s, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return (s.d == &shared_null);
    if (d->size == 0)
        return s.d->size == 0;
    int pos = d->size - s.d->size;
    if (pos < 0)
        return false;
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        return memcmp((char*)&d->data[pos], (char*)s.d->data, s.d->size*sizeof(QChar)) == 0;
    } else {
        for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++)
            if (::lower(d->data[pos+i]) != ::lower(s.d->data[i]))
                return false;
    }
    return true;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
02844 bool QString::endsWith(const QLatin1String& s, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    if (d == &shared_null)
        return (s.latin1() == 0);
    if (d->size == 0)
        return !s.latin1() || *s.latin1() == 0;
    int slen = qstrlen(s.latin1());
    int pos = d->size - slen;
    const uchar *latin = (const uchar *)s.latin1();
    if (pos < 0)
        return false;
    if (cs == Qt::CaseSensitive) {
        for (int i = 0; i < slen; i++)
            if (d->data[pos+i] != latin[i])
                return false;
    } else {
        for (int i = 0; i < slen; i++)
            if (QUnicodeTables::lower(d->data[pos+i]) != QUnicodeTables::lower(latin[i]))
                return false;
    }
    return true;
}

/*!
  Returns true if the string ends with \a c; otherwise returns
  false.

  \overload
 */
02873 bool QString::endsWith(const QChar &c, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    return d->size
           && cs == Qt::CaseSensitive
              ? d->data[d->size - 1] == c
              : QUnicodeTables::lower(d->data[d->size - 1]) == QUnicodeTables::lower(c.unicode());
}

/*! \fn const char *QString::ascii() const

    Use toAscii() instead.
*/

/*! \fn const char *QString::latin1() const

    Use toLatin1() instead.
*/

/*! \fn const char *QString::utf8() const

    Use toUtf8() instead.
*/

/*! \fn const char *QString::local8Bit() const

    Use toLocal8Bit() instead.
*/

/*!
    Returns a Latin-1 representation of the string as a QByteArray.
    The returned byte array is undefined if the string contains
    non-Latin1 characters.

    \sa fromLatin1(), toAscii(), toUtf8(), toLocal8Bit(), QTextCodec
*/
02908 QByteArray QString::toLatin1() const
{
    QByteArray ba;
    if (d->size) {
        ba.resize(d->size);
        const ushort *i = d->data;
        const ushort *e = d->data + d->size;
        uchar *s = (uchar*) ba.data();
        while (i != e) {
            *s++ = (*i>0xff) ? '?' : (uchar) *i;
            ++i;
        }
    }
    return ba;
}

/*!
    Returns an 8-bit ASCII representation of the string as a QByteArray.

    If a codec has been set using QTextCodec::setCodecForCStrings(),
    it is used to convert Unicode to 8-bit char; otherwise this
    function does the same as toLatin1().

    \sa fromAscii(), toLatin1(), toUtf8(), toLocal8Bit(), QTextCodec
*/
02933 QByteArray QString::toAscii() const
{
#ifndef QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    if (codecForCStrings)
        return codecForCStrings->fromUnicode(*this);
#endif // QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    return toLatin1();
}

/*!
    Returns the local 8-bit representation of the string as a
    QByteArray. The returned byte array is undefined if the string
    contains characters not supported by the local 8-bit encoding.

    QTextCodec::codecForLocale() is used to perform the conversion
    from Unicode.

    \sa fromLocal8Bit(), toAscii(), toLatin1(), toUtf8(), QTextCodec
*/
02952 QByteArray QString::toLocal8Bit() const
{
#ifndef QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    if (QTextCodec::codecForLocale())
        return QTextCodec::codecForLocale()->fromUnicode(*this);
#endif // QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    return toLatin1();
}

/*!
    Returns a UTF-8 representation of the string as a QByteArray.

    \sa fromUtf8(), toAscii(), toLatin1(), toLocal8Bit(), QTextCodec
*/
02966 QByteArray QString::toUtf8() const
{
    QByteArray ba;
    if (d->size) {
        int l = d->size;
        int rlen = l*3+1;
        ba.resize(rlen);
        uchar *cursor = (uchar*)ba.data();
        const ushort *ch =d->data;
        for (int i=0; i < l; i++) {
            uint u = *ch;
            if (u < 0x80) {
                *cursor++ = (uchar)u;
            } else {
                if (u < 0x0800) {
                    *cursor++ = 0xc0 | ((uchar) (u >> 6));
                } else {
                    if (u >= 0xd800 && u < 0xdc00 && i < l-1) {
                        ushort low = ch[1];
                        if (low >= 0xdc00 && low < 0xe000) {
                            ++ch;
                            ++i;
                            u = (u - 0xd800)*0x400 + (low - 0xdc00) + 0x10000;
                        }
                    }
                    if (u > 0xffff) {
                        // if people are working in utf8, but strings are encoded in eg. latin1, the resulting
                        // name might be invalid utf8. This and the corresponding code in fromUtf8 takes care
                        // we can handle this without loosing information. This can happen with latin filenames
                        // and a utf8 locale under Unix.
                        if (u > 0x10fe00 && u < 0x10ff00) {
                            *cursor++ = (u - 0x10fe00);
                            ++ch;
                            continue;
                        } else {
                            *cursor++ = 0xf0 | ((uchar) (u >> 18));
                            *cursor++ = 0x80 | (((uchar) (u >> 12)) & 0x3f);
                        }
                    } else {
                        *cursor++ = 0xe0 | ((uchar) (u >> 12));
                    }
                    *cursor++ = 0x80 | (((uchar) (u >> 6)) & 0x3f);
                }
                *cursor++ = 0x80 | ((uchar) (u&0x3f));
            }
            ++ch;
        }
        ba.resize(cursor - (uchar*)ba.constData());
    }
    return ba;
}

QString::Data *QString::fromLatin1_helper(const char *str, int size)
{
    Data *d;
    if (!str) {
        d = &shared_null;
        d->ref.ref();
    } else if (size == 0 || (!*str && size < 0)) {
        d = &shared_empty;
        d->ref.ref();
    } else {
        if (size < 0)
            size = qstrlen(str);
        d = static_cast<Data *>(qMalloc(sizeof(Data) + size * sizeof(QChar)));
        d->ref.init(1);
        d->alloc = d->size = size;
        d->clean = d->asciiCache = d->simpletext = d->righttoleft = 0;
        d->data = d->array;
        ushort *i = d->data;
        d->array[size] = '\0';
        while (size--)
           *i++ = (uchar)*str++;
    }
    return d;
}

/*!
    Returns a QString initialized with the first \a size characters
    of the Latin-1 string \a str.

    If \a size is -1 (the default), it is taken to be qstrlen(\a
    str).

    \sa toLatin1(), fromAscii(), fromUtf8(), fromLocal8Bit()
*/
03052 QString QString::fromLatin1(const char *str, int size)
{
    return QString(fromLatin1_helper(str, size), 0);
}


#ifdef QT3_SUPPORT

/*!
  \internal
*/
const char *QString::ascii_helper() const
{
    if (!asciiCache)
        asciiCache = new QHash<void *, QByteArray>();

    d->asciiCache = true;
    QByteArray ascii = toAscii();
    QByteArray old = asciiCache->value(d);
    if (old == ascii)
        return old.constData();
    asciiCache->insert(d, ascii);
    return ascii.constData();
}

/*!
  \internal
*/
const char *QString::latin1_helper() const
{
    if (!asciiCache)
        asciiCache = new QHash<void *, QByteArray>();

    d->asciiCache = true;
    QByteArray ascii = toLatin1();
    QByteArray old = asciiCache->value(d);
    if (old == ascii)
        return old.constData();
    asciiCache->insert(d, ascii);
    return ascii.constData();
}

#endif

#ifdef Q_OS_WIN32
#include "qt_windows.h"

QByteArray qt_winQString2MB(const QString& s, int uclen)
{
    if (uclen < 0)
        uclen = s.length();
    if (s.isNull())
        return QByteArray();
    if (uclen == 0)
        return QByteArray("");
    return qt_winQString2MB(s.constData(), uclen);
}

QByteArray qt_winQString2MB(const QChar *ch, int uclen)
{
    if (!ch)
      return QByteArray();
    if (uclen == 0)
        return QByteArray("");
    BOOL used_def;
    QByteArray mb(4096, 0);
    int len;
    while (!(len=WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0, (const WCHAR*)ch, uclen,
                mb.data(), mb.size()-1, 0, &used_def)))
    {
        int r = GetLastError();
        if (r == ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER) {
            mb.resize(1+WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0,
                                (const WCHAR*)ch, uclen,
                                0, 0, 0, &used_def));
                // and try again...
        } else {
#ifndef QT_NO_DEBUG
            // Fail.
            qWarning("WideCharToMultiByte cannot convert multibyte text (error %d): %s (UTF-8)",
                r, QString(ch, uclen).toLocal8Bit().data());
#endif
            break;
        }
    }
    mb.resize(len);
    return mb;
}

QString qt_winMB2QString(const char *mb, int mblen)
{
    if (!mb || !mblen)
        return QString();
    const int wclen_auto = 4096;
    WCHAR wc_auto[wclen_auto];
    int wclen = wclen_auto;
    WCHAR *wc = wc_auto;
    int len;
    while (!(len=MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, MB_PRECOMPOSED,
                mb, mblen, wc, wclen)))
    {
        int r = GetLastError();
        if (r == ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER) {
            if (wc != wc_auto) {
                qWarning("Size changed in MultiByteToWideChar");
                break;
            } else {
                wclen = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, MB_PRECOMPOSED,
                                    mb, mblen, 0, 0);
                wc = new WCHAR[wclen];
                // and try again...
            }
        } else {
            // Fail.
            qWarning("MultiByteToWideChar cannot convert multibyte text");
            break;
        }
    }
    if (len <= 0)
        return QString();
    if (wc[len-1] == 0) // len - 1: we don't want terminator
        --len;
    QString s((QChar*)wc, len);
    if (wc != wc_auto)
        delete [] wc;
    return s;
}
#endif // Q_OS_WIN32

/*!
    Returns a QString initialized with the first \a size characters
    of the 8-bit string \a str.

    If \a size is -1 (the default), it is taken to be qstrlen(\a
    str).

    QTextCodec::codecForLocale() is used to perform the conversion
    from Unicode.

    \sa toLocal8Bit(), fromAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromUtf8()
*/
03193 QString QString::fromLocal8Bit(const char *str, int size)
{
    if (!str)
        return QString();
    if (size == 0 || (!*str && size < 0))
        return QLatin1String("");
#if defined(Q_OS_WIN32)
    if(QSysInfo::WindowsVersion & QSysInfo::WV_DOS_based) {
        return qt_winMB2QString(str, size);
    }
#endif
#if !defined(QT_NO_TEXTCODEC)
    if (size < 0)
        size = qstrlen(str);
    QTextCodec *codec = QTextCodec::codecForLocale();
    if (codec)
        return codec->toUnicode(str, size);
#endif // !QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    return fromLatin1(str, size);
}

/*!
    Returns a QString initialized with the first \a size characters
    of the 8-bit ASCII string \a str.

    If \a size is -1 (the default), it is taken to be qstrlen(\a
    str).

    If a codec has been set using QTextCodec::setCodecForCStrings(),
    it is used to convert \a str to Unicode; otherwise this function
    does the same as fromLatin1().

    \sa toAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromUtf8(), fromLocal8Bit()
*/
03227 QString QString::fromAscii(const char *str, int size)
{
#ifndef QT_NO_TEXTCODEC
    if (codecForCStrings) {
        if (!str)
            return QString();
        if (size == 0 || (!*str && size < 0))
            return QLatin1String("");
        if (size < 0)
            size = qstrlen(str);
        return codecForCStrings->toUnicode(str, size);
    }
#endif
    return fromLatin1(str, size);
}

static ushort *addOne(ushort *qch, QString &str)
{
    long sidx = qch - str.utf16();
    str.resize(str.length()+1);
    return (ushort *)str.data() + sidx;
}

/*!
    Returns a QString initialized with the first \a size bytes
    of the UTF-8 string \a str.

    If \a size is -1 (the default), it is taken to be qstrlen(\a
    str).

    \sa toUtf8(), fromAscii(), fromLatin1(), fromLocal8Bit()
*/
03259 QString QString::fromUtf8(const char *str, int size)
{
    if (!str)
        return QString();
    if (size < 0)
        size = qstrlen(str);

    QString result;
    result.resize(size); // worst case
    ushort *qch = result.d->data;
    uint uc = 0;
    int need = 0;
    int error = -1;
    uchar ch;
    for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
        ch = str[i];
        if (need) {
            if ((ch&0xc0) == 0x80) {
                uc = (uc << 6) | (ch & 0x3f);
                need--;
                if (!need) {
                    if (uc > 0xffff) {
                        // surrogate pair
                        uc -= 0x10000;
                        ushort high = uc/0x400 + 0xd800;
                        ushort low = uc%0x400 + 0xdc00;
                        *qch++ = high;
                        *qch++ = low;
                    } else {
                        *qch++ = uc;
                    }
                }
            } else {
                // See QString::toUtf8() for explanation.
                //
                // The surrogate below corresponds to a Unicode value of (0x10fe00+ch) which
                // is in one of the private use areas of Unicode.
                i = error;
                qch = addOne(qch, result);
                *qch++ = 0xdbff;
                *qch++ = 0xde00 + ((uchar)str[i]);
                need = 0;
            }
        } else {
            if (ch < 128) {
                *qch++ = ch;
            } else if ((ch & 0xe0) == 0xc0) {
                uc = ch & 0x1f;
                need = 1;
                error = i;
            } else if ((ch & 0xf0) == 0xe0) {
                uc = ch & 0x0f;
                need = 2;
                error = i;
            } else if ((ch&0xf8) == 0xf0) {
                uc = ch & 0x07;
                need = 3;
                error = i;
            } else {
                // Error
                qch = addOne(qch, result);
                *qch++ = 0xdbff;
                *qch++ = 0xde00 + ((uchar)str[i]);
            }
        }
    }
    if (need) {
        // we have some invalid characters remaining we need to add to the string
        for (int i = error; i < size; ++i) {
            qch = addOne(qch, result);
            *qch++ = 0xdbff;
            *qch++ = 0xde00 + (uchar)str[i];
        }
    }

    result.truncate(qch - result.d->data);
    return result;
}

/*!
    Returns a QString initialized with the first \a size characters
    of the Unicode string \a unicode (ISO-10646-UTF-16 encoded).

    If \a size is -1 (the default), \a unicode must be terminated
    with a 0.

    QString makes a deep copy of the Unicode data.

    \sa utf16(), setUtf16()
*/
03349 QString QString::fromUtf16(const ushort *unicode, int size)
{
    if (!unicode)
        return QString();
    if (size < 0) {
        size = 0;
        while (unicode[size] != 0)
            ++size;
    }
    return QString((const QChar *)unicode, size);
}

/*!
    Resizes the string to \a size characters and copies \a unicode
    into the string.

    If \a unicode is 0, nothing is copied, but the string is still
    resized to \a size.

    \sa unicode(), setUtf16()
*/
03370 QString& QString::setUnicode(const QChar *unicode, int size)
{
     resize(size);
     if (unicode && size)
         memcpy(d->data, unicode, size * sizeof(QChar));
     return *this;
}

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::setUtf16(const ushort *unicode, int size)

    Resizes the string to \a size characters and copies \a unicode
    into the string.

    If \a unicode is 0, nothing is copied, but the string is still
    resized to \a size.

    \sa utf16(), setUnicode()
*/

/*!
    Returns a string that has whitespace removed from the start
    and the end, and that has each sequence of internal whitespace
    replaced with a single space.

    Whitespace means any character for which QChar::isSpace() returns
    true. This includes the ASCII characters '\\t', '\\n', '\\v',
    '\\f', '\\r', and ' '.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "  lots\t of\nwhitespace\r\n ";
        str = str.simplified();
        // str == "lots of whitespace";
    \endcode

    \sa trimmed()
*/
03408 QString QString::simplified() const
{
    if (d->size == 0)
        return *this;
    QString result;
    result.resize(d->size);
    const QChar *from = (const QChar*) d->data;
    const QChar *fromend = (const QChar*) from+d->size;
    int outc=0;
    QChar *to   = (QChar*) result.d->data;
    for (;;) {
        while (from!=fromend && from->isSpace())
            from++;
        while (from!=fromend && !from->isSpace())
            to[outc++] = *from++;
        if (from!=fromend)
            to[outc++] = QLatin1Char(' ');
        else
            break;
    }
    if (outc > 0 && to[outc-1] == QLatin1Char(' '))
        outc--;
    result.truncate(outc);
    return result;
}

/*!
    Returns a string that has whitespace removed from the start and
    the end.

    Whitespace means any character for which QChar::isSpace() returns
    true. This includes the ASCII characters '\\t', '\\n', '\\v',
    '\\f', '\\r', and ' '.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "  lots\t of\nwhitespace\r\n ";
        str = str.trimmed();
        // str == "lots\t of\nwhitespace";
    \endcode

    Unlike simplified(), trimmed() leaves internal whitespace alone.

    \sa simplified()
*/
03453 QString QString::trimmed() const
{
    if (d->size == 0)
        return *this;
    const QChar *s = (const QChar*)d->data;
    if (!s->isSpace() && !s[d->size-1].isSpace())
        return *this;
    int start = 0;
    int end = d->size - 1;
    while (start<=end && s[start].isSpace())  // skip white space from start
        start++;
    if (start <= end) {                          // only white space
        while (end && s[end].isSpace())           // skip white space from end
            end--;
    }
    int l = end - start + 1;
    if (l <= 0) {
        shared_empty.ref.ref();
        return QString(&shared_empty, 0);
    }
    return QString(s + start, l);
}

/*! \fn const QChar QString::at(int i) const

    Returns the character at index position \a i in the string.

    \a i must be a valid index position in the string (i.e., 0 <= \a
    i < size()).

    \sa operator[]()
*/

/*! \fn QCharRef QString::operator[](int i)

    Returns the character at index position \a i as a modifiable
    reference.

    Example:
    \code
        if (str[0] == QChar('?'))
            str[0] = QChar('_');
    \endcode

    The return value is of type QCharRef, a helper class for QString.
    When you get an object of type QCharRef, you can use it as if it
    were a QChar &. If you assign to it, the assignment will apply to
    the character in the QString from which you got the reference.

    \sa at()
*/

/*! \fn const QChar QString::operator[](int i) const

    \overload

    Same as at(\a i).
*/

/*! \fn QCharRef QString::operator[](uint i)

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn const QChar QString::operator[](uint i) const

    \overload
*/

/*!

    Truncates the string at index position \a pos.

    If \a pos is beyond the end of the string, nothing happens.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Vladivostok";
        str.truncate(4);
        // str == "Vlad"
    \endcode

    \sa chop(), resize(), left()
*/

03538 void QString::truncate(int pos)
{
    if (pos < d->size)
        resize(pos);
}


/*!

    Removes \a n characters from the end of the string.

    If \a n is greater than size(), the result is an empty string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str("LOGOUT\r\n");
        str.chop(2);
        // str == "LOGOUT"
    \endcode

    If you want to remove characters from the \e beginning of the
    string, use remove() instead.

    \sa truncate(), resize(), remove()
*/
03563 void QString::chop(int n)
{
    if (n > 0)
        resize(d->size - n);
}

/*!
    Sets every character in the string to character \a ch. If \a size
    is different from -1 (the default), the string is resized to \a
    size beforehand.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Berlin";
        str.fill("z");
        // str == "zzzzzz"

        str.fill("A", 2);
        // str == "AA"
    \endcode

    \sa resize()
*/

03587 QString& QString::fill(QChar ch, int size)
{
    resize(size < 0 ? d->size : size);
    if (d->size) {
        QChar *i = (QChar*)d->data + d->size;
        QChar *b = (QChar*)d->data;
        while (i != b)
           *--i = ch;
    }
    return *this;
}

/*!
    \fn int QString::length() const

    Same as size().
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::size() const

    Returns the number of characters in this string.

    The last character in the string is at position size() - 1. In
    addition, QString ensures that the character at position size()
    is always '\\0', so that you can use the return value of data()
    and constData() as arguments to functions that expect
    '\\0'-terminated strings.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "World";
        int n = str.size();         // n == 5
        str.data()[0];              // returns 'W'
        str.data()[4];              // returns 'd'
        str.data()[5];              // returns '\0'
    \endcode

    \sa isEmpty(), resize()
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::isNull() const

    Returns true if this string is null; otherwise returns false.

    Example:
    \code
        QString().isNull();             // returns true
        QString("").isNull();           // returns false
        QString("abc").isNull();        // returns false
    \endcode

    Qt makes a distinction between null strings and empty strings for
    historical reasons. For most applications, what matters is
    whether or not a string contains any data, and this can be
    determined using isEmpty().

    \sa isEmpty()
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::isEmpty() const

    Returns true if the string has no characters; otherwise returns
    false.

    Example:
    \code
        QString().isEmpty();            // returns true
        QString("").isEmpty();          // returns true
        QString("x").isEmpty();         // returns false
        QString("abc").isEmpty();       // returns false
    \endcode

    \sa size()
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(const QString &other)

    Appends the string \a other onto the end of this string and
    returns a reference to this string.

    Example:
    \code
        QString x = "free";
        QString y = "dom";
        x += y;
        // x == "freedom"
    \endcode

    This operation is typically very fast (\l{constant time}),
    because QString preallocates extra space at the end of the string
    data so it can grow without reallocating the entire string each
    time.

    \sa append(), prepend()
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(const QLatin1String &str)

    \overload

    Appends the Latin-1 string \a str to this string.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(const QByteArray &ba)

    \overload

    Appends the byte array \a ba to this string. \a ba is converted
    to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(const char *str)

    \overload

    Appends the string \a str to this string. \a str is converted to
    Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(char ch)

    \overload

    Appends the character \a ch to this string. The character is
    converted to Unicode using fromAscii().

    You can disable this function by defining \c
    QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII when you compile your applications. This
    can be useful if you want to ensure that all user-visible strings
    go through QObject::tr(), for example.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(QChar ch)

    \overload

    Appends the character \a ch to the string.
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::operator+=(QChar::SpecialCharacter c)

    \overload

    \internal
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator==(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is equal to \a s2; otherwise returns false.
    Note that no string is equal to \a s1 being 0.

    Equivalent to \a s1 != 0 && compare(\a s1, \a s2) == 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator!=(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is not equal to \a s2; otherwise returns false.
    Note that no string is equal to \a s1 being 0.

    For \a s1 != 0, this is equivalent to compare(\a s1, \a s2) != 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator<(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is lexically less than \a s2; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().

    For \a s1 != 0, equivalent to compare(\a s1, \a s2) < 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator<=(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is lexically less than or equal to \a s2;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().

    For \a s1 != 0, this is equivalent to compare(\a s1, \a s2) <= 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator>(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is lexically greater than \a s2; otherwise
    returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().

    Equivalent to compare(\a s1, \a s2) > 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool operator>=(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns true if \a s1 is lexically greater than or equal to \a s2;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().

    For \a s1 != 0, this is equivalent to compare(\a s1, \a s2) >= 0.
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString operator+(const QString &s1, const QString &s2)

    \relates QString

    Returns a string which is the result of concatenating the string
    \a s1 and the string \a s2.
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString operator+(const QString &s1, const char *s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns a string which is the result of concatenating the string
    \a s1 and the string \a s2. \a s2 is converted to
    Unicode using fromAscii().
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString operator+(const char *s1, const QString &s2)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns a string which is the result of concatenating the
    string \a s1 and string \a s2. \a s1 is converted to
    Unicode using fromAscii().
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString operator+(const QString &s, char ch)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns a string which is the result of concatenating the string
    \a s and character \a ch.
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString operator+(char ch, const QString &s)

    \overload
    \relates QString

    Returns a string which is the result of concatenating the
    character \a ch and string \a s.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::compare(const QString & s1, const QString & s2)

    Lexically compares \a s1 with \a s2 and returns an integer less
    than, equal to, or greater than zero if \a s1 is less than, equal
    to, or greater than \a s2.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-visible strings with
    localeAwareCompare().

    \code
        int x = QString::compare("auto", "auto");   // x == 0
        int y = QString::compare("auto", "car");    // y < 0
        int z = QString::compare("car", "auto");    // z > 0
    \endcode

    \sa localeAwareCompare(), operator==(), operator<(), operator>()
*/

/*!
    \overload

    Same as compare(*this, \a other).
*/
03912 int QString::compare(const QString &other) const
{
    return ucstrcmp(*this, other);
}


/*!
    \fn int QString::localeAwareCompare(const QString & s1, const QString & s2)

    Compares \a s1 with \a s2 and returns an integer less than, equal
    to, or greater than zero if \a s1 is less than, equal to, or
    greater than \a s2.

    The comparison is performed in a locale- and also
    platform-dependent manner. Use this function to present sorted
    lists of strings to the user.

    \sa compare(), QTextCodec::locale()
*/

/*!
    \overload

    Same as localeAwareCompare(*this, \a other).
*/

#if !defined(CSTR_LESS_THAN)
#define CSTR_LESS_THAN    1
#define CSTR_EQUAL        2
#define CSTR_GREATER_THAN 3
#endif

int QString::localeAwareCompare(const QString &other) const
{
    // do the right thing for null and empty
    if (isEmpty() || other.isEmpty())
        return compare(other);

#if defined(Q_OS_WIN32)
    int res;
    QT_WA({
        const TCHAR* s1 = (TCHAR*)utf16();
        const TCHAR* s2 = (TCHAR*)other.utf16();
        res = CompareStringW(GetThreadLocale(), 0, s1, length(), s2, other.length());
    } , {
        QByteArray s1 = toLocal8Bit();
        QByteArray s2 = other.toLocal8Bit();
        res = CompareStringA(GetThreadLocale(), 0, s1.data(), s1.length(), s2.data(), s2.length());
    });

    switch (res) {
    case CSTR_LESS_THAN:
        return -1;
    case CSTR_GREATER_THAN:
        return 1;
    default:
        return 0;
    }
#elif defined(Q_OS_UNIX)
    // declared in <string.h>
    int delta = strcoll(toLocal8Bit(), other.toLocal8Bit());
    if (delta == 0)
        delta = ucstrcmp(*this, other);
    return delta;
#else
    return ucstrcmp(*this, other);
#endif
}


/*!
    \fn const QChar *QString::unicode() const

    Returns a '\\0'-terminated Unicode representation of the string.
    The result remains valid until the string is modified.

    \sa utf16()
*/

/*!
    \fn const ushort *QString::utf16() const

    Returns the QString as a '\\0\'-terminated array of unsigned
    shorts. The result remains valid until the string is modified.

    \sa unicode()
*/

04000 const ushort *QString::utf16() const
{
    if (d->data != d->array) {
        QString *that = const_cast<QString*>(this);
        that->realloc();   // ensure '\\0'-termination for ::fromRawData strings
        return that->d->data;
    }
    return d->array;
}

/*!
    Returns a string of size() \a width that contains this string
    padded by the \a fill character.

    If \a truncate is false and the size() of the string is more than
    \a width, then the returned string is a copy of the string.

    If \a truncate is true and the size() of the string is more than
    \a width, then any characters in a copy of the string after
    position \a width are removed, and the copy is returned.

    \code
        QString s = "apple";
        QString t = s.leftJustified(8, '.');        // t == "apple..."
    \endcode

    \sa rightJustified()
*/

04029 QString QString::leftJustified(int width, QChar fill, bool truncate) const
{
    QString result;
    int len = length();
    int padlen = width - len;
    if (padlen > 0) {
        result.resize(len+padlen);
        if (len)
            memcpy(result.d->data, d->data, sizeof(QChar)*len);
        QChar *uc = (QChar*)result.d->data + len;
        while (padlen--)
           * uc++ = fill;
    } else {
        if (truncate)
            result = left(width);
        else
            result = *this;
    }
    return result;
}

/*!
    Returns a string of size() \a width that contains the \a fill
    character followed by the string.

    If \a truncate is false and the size() of the string is more than
    \a width, then the returned string is a copy of the string.

    If \a truncate is true and the size() of the string is more than
    \a width, then the resulting string is truncated at position \a
    width.

    \code
        QString str = "apple";
        str = str.rightJustified(8, '.');
        // str == "...apple"
    \endcode

    \sa leftJustified()
*/

04070 QString QString::rightJustified(int width, QChar fill, bool truncate) const
{
    QString result;
    int len = length();
    int padlen = width - len;
    if (padlen > 0) {
        result.resize(len+padlen);
        QChar *uc = (QChar*)result.d->data;
        while (padlen--)
           * uc++ = fill;
        if (len)
            memcpy(uc, d->data, sizeof(QChar)*len);
    } else {
        if (truncate)
            result = left(width);
        else
            result = *this;
    }
    return result;
}

/*!
    Returns a lowercase copy of the string.

    \code
        QString str = "TROlltECH";
        str = str.toLower();        // str == "trolltech"
    \endcode

    \sa toUpper()
*/

04102 QString QString::toLower() const
{
    int l = d->size;
    if (l) {
        QChar *p = (QChar*)d->data;
        if (p) {
            while (l) {
                bool different;
                if (p->unicode() & 0xFF80)
                    different = (*p != ::lower(*p));
                else
                    different = ((uint)p->cell() - 'A' < 26);

                if (different) {
                    QString s(*this);
                    p = (QChar*)s.data() + (p - (QChar*)d->data);
                    while (l) {
                        *p = ::lower(*p);
                        l--;
                        p++;
                    }
                    return s;
                }
                l--;
                p++;
            }
        }
    }
    return *this;
}

/*!
    Returns an uppercase copy of the string.

    \code
        QString str = "TeXt";
        str = str.toUpper();        // str == "TEXT"
    \endcode

    \sa toLower()
*/

04144 QString QString::toUpper() const
{
    int l = d->size;
    if (l) {
        QChar *p = (QChar*)d->data;
        if (p) {
            while (l) {
                bool different;
                if (p->unicode() & 0xFF80)
                    different = (*p != ::upper(*p));
                else
                    different = ((uint)p->cell() - 'a' < 26);

                if (different) {
                    QString s(*this);
                    p = s.data() + (p - (QChar*)d->data);
                    while (l) {
                        *p = ::upper(*p);
                        l--;
                        p++;
                    }
                    return s;
                }
                l--;
                p++;
            }
        }
    }
    return *this;
}


/*!
    Safely builds a formatted string from the format string \a cformat
    and an arbitrary list of arguments.

    The %lc escape sequence expects a unicode character of type ushort
    (as returned by QChar::unicode()). The %ls escape sequence expects
    a pointer to a zero-terminated array of unicode characters of type
    ushort (as returned by QString::utf16()).

    The format string supports most of the conversion specifiers
    provided by printf() in the standard C++ library. It doesn't
    honor the length modifiers (e.g. \c h for \c short, \c ll for
    \c{long long}). If you need those, use the standard snprintf()
    function instead:

    \code
        char buf[BufSize];
        ::snprintf(buf, BufSize, "%lld", 123456789LL);
        QString str = QString::fromAscii(buf);
    \endcode

    \warning We do not recommend using QString::sprintf() in new Qt
    code. Instead, consider using QTextOStream or arg(), both of
    which support Unicode strings seamlessly and are type-safe.
    Here's an example that uses QTextOStream:

    \code
        QString result;
        QTextOStream(&result) << "pi = " << 3.14;
        // result == "pi = 3.14"
    \endcode

    For \link QObject::tr() translations,\endlink especially if the
    strings contains more than one escape sequence, you should
    consider using the arg() function instead. This allows the order
    of the replacements to be controlled by the translator.

    \sa arg()
*/

04216 QString &QString::sprintf(const char *cformat, ...)
{
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, cformat);
    QString &s = vsprintf(cformat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    return s;
}

/*!
    Equivalent method to sprintf(), but takes a va_list \a ap
    instead a list of variable arguments. See the sprintf()
    documentation for an explanation of \a cformat.

    This method does not call the va_end macro, the caller
    is responsible to call va_end on \a ap.

    \sa sprintf()
*/

04236 QString &QString::vsprintf(const char* cformat, va_list ap)
{
    QLocale locale(QLocale::C);

    if (!cformat || !*cformat) {
        // Qt 1.x compat
        *this = fromLatin1("");
        return *this;
    }

    // Parse cformat

    QString result;
    const char *c = cformat;
    for (;;) {
        // Copy non-escape chars to result
        while (*c != '\0' && *c != '%')
            result.append(QLatin1Char(*c++));

        if (*c == '\0')
            break;

        // Found '%'
        const char *escape_start = c;
        ++c;

        if (*c == '\0') {
            result.append(QLatin1Char('%')); // a % at the end of the string - treat as non-escape text
            break;
        }
        if (*c == '%') {
            result.append(QLatin1Char('%')); // %%
            ++c;
            continue;
        }

        // Parse flag characters
        uint flags = 0;
        bool no_more_flags = false;
        do {
            switch (*c) {
                case '#': flags |= QLocalePrivate::Alternate; break;
                case '0': flags |= QLocalePrivate::ZeroPadded; break;
                case '-': flags |= QLocalePrivate::LeftAdjusted; break;
                case ' ': flags |= QLocalePrivate::BlankBeforePositive; break;
                case '+': flags |= QLocalePrivate::AlwaysShowSign; break;
                case '\'': flags |= QLocalePrivate::ThousandsGroup; break;
                default: no_more_flags = true; break;
            }

            if (!no_more_flags)
                ++c;
        } while (!no_more_flags);

        if (*c == '\0') {
            result.append(QLatin1String(escape_start)); // incomplete escape, treat as non-escape text
            break;
        }

        // Parse field width
        int width = -1; // -1 means unspecified
        if (qIsDigit(*c)) {
            QString width_str;
            while (*c != '\0' && qIsDigit(*c))
                width_str.append(QLatin1Char(*c++));

            // can't be negative - started with a digit
            // contains at least one digit
            width = width_str.toInt();
        }
        else if (*c == '*') {
            width = va_arg(ap, int);
            if (width < 0)
                width = -1; // treat all negative numbers as unspecified
            ++c;
        }

        if (*c == '\0') {
            result.append(QLatin1String(escape_start)); // incomplete escape, treat as non-escape text
            break;
        }

        // Parse precision
        int precision = -1; // -1 means unspecified
        if (*c == '.') {
            ++c;
            if (qIsDigit(*c)) {
                QString precision_str;
                while (*c != '\0' && qIsDigit(*c))
                    precision_str.append(QLatin1Char(*c++));

                // can't be negative - started with a digit
                // contains at least one digit
                precision = precision_str.toInt();
            }
            else if (*c == '*') {
                precision = va_arg(ap, int);
                if (precision < 0)
                    precision = -1; // treat all negative numbers as unspecified
                ++c;
            }
        }

        if (*c == '\0') {
            result.append(QLatin1String(escape_start)); // incomplete escape, treat as non-escape text
            break;
        }

        // Parse the length modifier
        enum LengthMod { lm_none, lm_hh, lm_h, lm_l, lm_ll, lm_L, lm_j, lm_z, lm_t };
        LengthMod length_mod = lm_none;
        switch (*c) {
            case 'h':
                ++c;
                if (*c == 'h') {
                    length_mod = lm_hh;
                    ++c;
                }
                else
                    length_mod = lm_h;
                break;

            case 'l':
                ++c;
                if (*c == 'l') {
                    length_mod = lm_ll;
                    ++c;
                }
                else
                    length_mod = lm_l;
                break;

            case 'L':
                ++c;
                length_mod = lm_L;
                break;

            case 'j':
                ++c;
                length_mod = lm_j;
                break;

            case 'z':
            case 'Z':
                ++c;
                length_mod = lm_z;
                break;

            case 't':
                ++c;
                length_mod = lm_t;
                break;

            default: break;
        }

        if (*c == '\0') {
            result.append(QLatin1String(escape_start)); // incomplete escape, treat as non-escape text
            break;
        }

        // Parse the conversion specifier and do the conversion
        QString subst;
        switch (*c) {
            case 'd':
            case 'i': {
                qint64 i;
                switch (length_mod) {
                    case lm_none: i = va_arg(ap, int); break;
                    case lm_hh: i = va_arg(ap, int); break;
                    case lm_h: i = va_arg(ap, int); break;
                    case lm_l: i = va_arg(ap, long int); break;
                    case lm_ll: i = va_arg(ap, qint64); break;
                    case lm_j: i = va_arg(ap, long int); break;
                    case lm_z: i = va_arg(ap, size_t); break;
                    case lm_t: i = va_arg(ap, int); break;
                    default: i = 0; break;
                }
                subst = locale.d->longLongToString(i, precision, 10, width, flags);
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 'o':
            case 'u':
            case 'x':
            case 'X': {
                quint64 u;
                switch (length_mod) {
                    case lm_none: u = va_arg(ap, uint); break;
                    case lm_hh: u = va_arg(ap, uint); break;
                    case lm_h: u = va_arg(ap, uint); break;
                    case lm_l: u = va_arg(ap, ulong); break;
                    case lm_ll: u = va_arg(ap, quint64); break;
                    default: u = 0; break;
                }

                if (qIsUpper(*c))
                    flags |= QLocalePrivate::CapitalEorX;

                int base = 10;
                switch (qToLower(*c)) {
                    case 'o':
                        base = 8; break;
                    case 'u':
                        base = 10; break;
                    case 'x':
                        base = 16; break;
                    default: break;
                }
                subst = locale.d->unsLongLongToString(u, precision, base, width, flags);
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 'E':
            case 'e':
            case 'F':
            case 'f':
            case 'G':
            case 'g':
            case 'A':
            case 'a': {
                double d;
                if (length_mod == lm_L)
                    d = va_arg(ap, long double); // not supported - converted to a double
                else
                    d = va_arg(ap, double);

                if (qIsUpper(*c))
                    flags |= QLocalePrivate::CapitalEorX;

                QLocalePrivate::DoubleForm form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal;
                switch (qToLower(*c)) {
                    case 'e': form = QLocalePrivate::DFExponent; break;
                    case 'a':                             // not supported - decimal form used instead
                    case 'f': form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal; break;
                    case 'g': form = QLocalePrivate::DFSignificantDigits; break;
                    default: break;
                }
                subst = locale.d->doubleToString(d, precision, form, width, flags);
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 'c': {
                if (length_mod == lm_l)
                    subst = QChar((ushort) va_arg(ap, int));
                else
                    subst = QLatin1Char((uchar) va_arg(ap, int));
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 's': {
                if (length_mod == lm_l) {
                    const ushort *buff = va_arg(ap, const ushort*);
                    const ushort *ch = buff;
                    while (*ch != 0)
                        ++ch;
                    subst.setUtf16(buff, ch - buff);
                } else
                    subst = QString::fromUtf8(va_arg(ap, const char*));
                if (precision != -1)
                    subst.truncate(precision);
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 'p': {
                void *arg = va_arg(ap, void*);
#ifdef Q_OS_WIN64
                quint64 i = reinterpret_cast<quint64>(arg);
#else
                quint64 i = reinterpret_cast<unsigned long>(arg);
#endif
                flags |= QLocalePrivate::Alternate;
                subst = locale.d->unsLongLongToString(i, precision, 16, width, flags);
                ++c;
                break;
            }
            case 'n':
                switch (length_mod) {
                    case lm_hh: {
                        signed char *n = va_arg(ap, signed char*);
                        *n = result.length();
                        break;
                    }
                    case lm_h: {
                        short int *n = va_arg(ap, short int*);
                        *n = result.length();
                            break;
                    }
                    case lm_l: {
                        long int *n = va_arg(ap, long int*);
                        *n = result.length();
                        break;
                    }
                    case lm_ll: {
                        qint64 *n = va_arg(ap, qint64*);
                        volatile uint tmp = result.length(); // egcs-2.91.66 gets internal
                        *n = tmp;                             // compiler error without volatile
                        break;
                    }
                    default: {
                        int *n = va_arg(ap, int*);
                        *n = result.length();
                        break;
                    }
                }
                ++c;
                break;

            default: // bad escape, treat as non-escape text
                for (const char *cc = escape_start; cc != c; ++cc)
                    result.append(QLatin1Char(*cc));
                continue;
        }

        if (flags & QLocalePrivate::LeftAdjusted)
            result.append(subst.leftJustified(width));
        else
            result.append(subst.rightJustified(width));
    }

    *this = result;

    return *this;
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to a \c{long long} using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        qint64 hex = str.toLongLong(&ok, 16);      // hex == 255, ok == true
        qint64 dec = str.toLongLong(&ok, 10);      // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toULongLong(), toInt()
*/

04585 qint64 QString::toLongLong(bool *ok, int base) const
{
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
    if (base != 0 && (base < 2 || base > 36)) {
        qWarning("QString::toLongLong: Invalid base (%d)", base);
        base = 10;
    }
#endif

    bool my_ok;
    QLocale def_locale;
    qint64 result = def_locale.d->stringToLongLong(*this, base, &my_ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
    if (my_ok) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = true;
        return result;
    }

    // If the default was not "C", try the "C" locale
    if (def_locale.language() == QLocale::C) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = false;
        return 0;
    }

    QLocale c_locale(QLocale::C);
    return c_locale.d->stringToLongLong(*this, base, ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to an \c{unsigned long long} using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        quint64 hex = str.toULongLong(&ok, 16);    // hex == 255, ok == true
        quint64 dec = str.toULongLong(&ok, 10);    // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toLongLong()
*/

04638 quint64 QString::toULongLong(bool *ok, int base) const
{
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
    if (base != 0 && (base < 2 || base > 36)) {
        qWarning("QString::toULongLong: Invalid base %d", base);
        base = 10;
    }
#endif

    bool my_ok;
    QLocale def_locale;
    quint64 result = def_locale.d->stringToUnsLongLong(*this, base, &my_ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
    if (my_ok) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = true;
        return result;
    }

    // If the default was not "C", try the "C" locale
    if (def_locale.language() == QLocale::C) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = false;
        return 0;
    }

    QLocale c_locale(QLocale::C);
    return c_locale.d->stringToUnsLongLong(*this, base, ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
}

/*!
  \fn long QString::toLong(bool *ok, int base) const

    Returns the string converted to a \c long using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        long hex = str.toLong(&ok, 16);     // hex == 255, ok == true
        long dec = str.toLong(&ok, 10);     // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toULong(), toInt()
*/

04693 long QString::toLong(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    qint64 v = toLongLong(ok, base);
    if (v < LONG_MIN || v > LONG_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return (long)v;
}

/*!
    \fn ulong QString::toULong(bool *ok, int base) const

    Returns the string converted to an \c{unsigned long} using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        ulong hex = str.toULong(&ok, 16);   // hex == 255, ok == true
        ulong dec = str.toULong(&ok, 10);   // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number()
*/

04730 ulong QString::toULong(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    quint64 v = toULongLong(ok, base);
    if (v > ULONG_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return (ulong)v;
}


/*!
    Returns the string converted to an \c int using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        int hex = str.toInt(&ok, 16);       // hex == 255, ok == true
        int dec = str.toInt(&ok, 10);       // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toUInt(), toDouble()
*/

04766 int QString::toInt(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    qint64 v = toLongLong(ok, base);
    if (v < INT_MIN || v > INT_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return v;
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to an \c{unsigned int} using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        uint hex = str.toUInt(&ok, 16);     // hex == 255, ok == true
        uint dec = str.toUInt(&ok, 10);     // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toInt()
*/

04801 uint QString::toUInt(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    quint64 v = toULongLong(ok, base);
    if (v > UINT_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return (uint)v;
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to a \c short using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        short hex = str.toShort(&ok, 16);   // hex == 255, ok == true
        short dec = str.toShort(&ok, 10);   // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toUShort(), toInt()
*/

04836 short QString::toShort(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    long v = toLongLong(ok, base);
    if (v < SHRT_MIN || v > SHRT_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return (short)v;
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to an \c{unsigned short} using base \a
    base, which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36, or 0.
    Returns 0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    If \a base is 0, the C language convention is used: If the string
    begins with "0x", base 16 is used; if the string begins with "0",
    base 8 is used; otherwise, base 10 is used.

    Example:

    \code
        QString str = "FF";
        bool ok;
        ushort hex = str.toUShort(&ok, 16);     // hex == 255, ok == true
        ushort dec = str.toUShort(&ok, 10);     // dec == 0, ok == false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toShort()
*/

04871 ushort QString::toUShort(bool *ok, int base) const
{
    ulong v = toULongLong(ok, base);
    if (v > USHRT_MAX) {
        if (ok)
            *ok = false;
        v = 0;
    }
    return (ushort)v;
}


/*!
    Returns the string converted to a \c double value.

    Returns 0.0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, \c{*}\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise \c{*}\a{ok} is set to true.

    \code
        QString str = "1234.56";
        double val = str.toDouble();   // val == 1234.56
    \endcode

    This function tries to interpret the string according to the
    current locale. The current locale is determined from the
    system at application startup and can be changed by calling
    QLocale::setDefault(). If the string cannot be interpreted
    according to the current locale, this function falls back
    on the "C" locale.

    \code
        bool ok;
        double d;

        QLocale::setDefault(QLocale::C);
        d = QString( "1234,56" ).toDouble(&ok); // ok == false
        d = QString( "1234.56" ).toDouble(&ok); // ok == true, d == 1234.56

        QLocale::setDefault(QLocale::German);
        d = QString( "1234,56" ).toDouble(&ok); // ok == true, d == 1234.56
        d = QString( "1234.56" ).toDouble(&ok); // ok == true, d == 1234.56
    \endcode

    Due to the ambiguity between the decimal point and thousands group
    separator in various locales, this function does not handle
    thousands group separators. If you need to convert such numbers,
    see QLocale::toDouble().

    \code
        bool ok;
        QLocale::setDefault(QLocale::C);
        double d = QString( "1,234,567.89" ).toDouble(&ok); // ok == false
    \endcode

    \warning If the string contains trailing whitespace this function
    will fail, and set \c{*}\a{ok} to false if \a ok is not 0. Leading
    whitespace is ignored.

    \sa number() QLocale::setDefault() QLocale::toDouble() trimmed()
*/

04934 double QString::toDouble(bool *ok) const
{
    bool my_ok;
    QLocale def_locale;
    double result = def_locale.d->stringToDouble(*this, &my_ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
    if (my_ok) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = true;
        return result;
    }

    // If the default was not "C", try the "C" locale
    if (def_locale.language() == QLocale::C) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = false;
        return 0.0;
    }

    QLocale c_locale(QLocale::C);
    return c_locale.d->stringToDouble(*this, ok, QLocalePrivate::FailOnGroupSeparators);
}

/*!
    Returns the string converted to a \c float value.

    Returns 0.0 if the conversion fails.

    If \a ok is not 0: if a conversion error occurs, *\a{ok} is set to
    false; otherwise *\a{ok} is set to true.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str1 = "1234.56";
        str1.toFloat();             // returns 1234.56

        bool ok;
        QString str2 = "R2D2";
        str2.toFloat(&ok);          // returns 0.0, sets ok to false
    \endcode

    \sa number(), toDouble(), toInt()
*/

#define QT_MAX_FLOAT 3.4028234663852886e+38

float QString::toFloat(bool *ok) const
{
    bool myOk;
    double d = toDouble(&myOk);
    if (!myOk || d > QT_MAX_FLOAT || d < -QT_MAX_FLOAT) {
        if (ok != 0)
            *ok = false;
        return 0.0;
    }
    if (ok != 0)
        *ok = true;
    return (float) d;
}

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(int n, int base)

    Sets the string to the printed value of \a n in base \a base and
    returns a reference to the string.

    The base is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36.

    \code
        QString str;
        str.setNum(1234);       // str == "1234"
    \endcode
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(uint n, int base)

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(long n, int base)

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(ulong n, int base)

    \overload
*/

/*!
    \overload
*/
05024 QString &QString::setNum(qlonglong n, int base)
{
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
    if (base < 2 || base > 36) {
        qWarning("QString::setNum: Invalid base %d", base);
        base = 10;
    }
#endif
    QLocale locale(QLocale::C);
    *this = locale.d->longLongToString(n, -1, base);
    return *this;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05040 QString &QString::setNum(qulonglong n, int base)
{
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
    if (base < 2 || base > 36) {
        qWarning("QString::setNum: Invalid base %d", base);
        base = 10;
    }
#endif
    QLocale locale(QLocale::C);
    *this = locale.d->unsLongLongToString(n, -1, base);
    return *this;
}

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(short n, int base)

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn QString &QString::setNum(ushort n, int base)

    \overload
*/

/*!
    \overload

    Sets the string to the printed value of \a n, formatted using
    format \a f with precision \a prec, and returns a reference to the
    string.

    The format \a f can be 'f', 'F', 'e', 'E', 'g' or 'G'.
    See \l{#arg-formats}{arg()} for an explanation of the formats.
*/

05074 QString &QString::setNum(double n, char f, int prec)
{
    QLocalePrivate::DoubleForm form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal;
    uint flags = 0;

    if (qIsUpper(f))
        flags = QLocalePrivate::CapitalEorX;
    f = qToLower(f);

    switch (f) {
        case 'f':
            form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal;
            break;
        case 'e':
            form = QLocalePrivate::DFExponent;
            break;
        case 'g':
            form = QLocalePrivate::DFSignificantDigits;
            break;
        default:
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
            qWarning("QString::setNum: Invalid format char '%c'", f);
#endif
            break;
    }

    QLocale locale(QLocale::C);
    *this = locale.d->doubleToString(n, prec, form, -1, flags);
    return *this;
}

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::setNum(float n, char f, int prec)

    \overload

    Sets the string to the printed value of \a n, formatted in format
    \a f with precision \a prec, and returns a reference to the
    string.

    The format \a f can be 'f', 'F', 'e', 'E', 'g' or 'G'.
    See \l{#arg-formats}{arg()} for an explanation of the formats.
*/


/*!
  \fn QString QString::number(long n, int base)

    Returns a string equivalent of the number \a n to base \a base,
    which is 10 by default and must be between 2 and 36.

    \code
        long a = 63;
        QString str = QString::number(a, 16);             // str == "3f"
        QString str = QString::number(a, 16).upper();     // str == "3F"
    \endcode

    \sa setNum()
*/

05134 QString QString::number(long n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}

/*!
  \fn QString QString::number(ulong n, int base)

    \overload
*/
05146 QString QString::number(ulong n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05156 QString QString::number(int n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05166 QString QString::number(uint n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05176 QString QString::number(qlonglong n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05186 QString QString::number(qulonglong n, int base)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, base);
    return s;
}


/*!
    \overload

    Argument \a n is formatted according to the format \a f, and the
    precision \a prec. The format \a f can be 'f', 'F', 'e', 'E', 'g'
    or 'G'. See \l{#arg-formats}{arg()} for an explanation of the
    formats.

    \sa setNum()
*/
05204 QString QString::number(double n, char f, int prec)
{
    QString s;
    s.setNum(n, f, prec);
    return s;
}

/*!
    Splits the string into substrings wherever \a sep occurs, and
    returns the list of those strings. If \a sep does not match
    anywhere in the string, split() returns a single-element list
    containing this string.

    If \a cs is true, the string is only split only where characters
    are found that match \a sep exactly. If \a cs is false, the
    string is split, the string is split where characters are found
    that match \a sep case insensitively (e.g. "and" matches "AND").

    If \a behavior is QString::SkipEmptyParts, empty entries don't
    appear in the result. By default, empty entries are kept.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "a,,b,c";
        QStringList list1 = str.split(",");
        // list1: [ "a", "", "b", "c" ]

        QStringList list2 = str.split(",", QString::SkipEmptyParts);
        // list2: [ "a", "b", "c" ]
    \endcode

    \sa QStringList::join(), section()
*/
05237 QStringList QString::split(const QString &sep, SplitBehavior behavior, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    QStringList list;
    int start = 0;
    int extra = 0;
    int end;
    while ((end = indexOf(sep, start + extra, cs)) != -1) {
        if (start != end || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
            list.append(mid(start, end - start));
        start = end + sep.size();
        extra = (sep.size() == 0 ? 1 : 0);
    }
    if (start != size() || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
        list.append(mid(start));
    return list;
}

/*!
    \overload
*/
05257 QStringList QString::split(const QChar &sep, SplitBehavior behavior, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs) const
{
    QStringList list;
    int start = 0;
    int end;
    while ((end = indexOf(sep, start, cs)) != -1) {
        if (start != end || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
            list.append(mid(start, end - start));
        start = end + 1;
    }
    if (start != size() || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
        list.append(mid(start));
    return list;
}

#ifndef QT_NO_REGEXP
/*!
    \overload

    Splits the string into substrings wherever the regular expression
    \a rx matches, and returns the list of those strings. If \a rx
    does not match anywhere in the string, split() returns a
    single-element list containing this string.

    Here's an example where we extract the words in a sentence
    using one or more whitespace characters as the separator:

    \code
        QString str = "Some  text\n\twith  strange whitespace.";
        QStringList list = str.split(QRegExp("\\s+"));
        // list: [ "Some", "text", "with", "strange", "whitespace." ]
    \endcode

    Here's a similar example, but this time we use any sequence of
    non-word characters as the separator:

    \code
        QString str = "This time, a normal English sentence.";
        QStringList list = str.split(QRegExp("\\W+"),
                                     QString::SkipEmptyParts);
        // list: [ "This", "time", "a", "normal", "English", "sentence" ]
    \endcode

    Here's a third example where we use a zero-length assertion,
    \bold{\\b} (word boundary), to split the string into an
    alternating sequence of non-word and word tokens:

    \code
        QString str = "Now: this sentence fragment.";
        QStringList list = str.split(QRegExp("\\b"));
        // list: [ "", "Now", ": ", "this", " ", "sentence", " ", "fragment", "." ]
    \endcode

    \sa QStringList::join(), section()
*/
05312 QStringList QString::split(const QRegExp &rx, SplitBehavior behavior) const
{
    QStringList list;
    int start = 0;
    int extra = 0;
    int end;
    while ((end = indexOf(rx, start + extra)) != -1) {
        int matchedLen = rx.matchedLength();
        if (start != end || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
            list.append(mid(start, end - start));
        start = end + matchedLen;
        extra = (matchedLen == 0) ? 1 : 0;
    }
    if (start != size() || behavior == KeepEmptyParts)
        list.append(mid(start));
    return list;
}
#endif

/*!
    \enum QString::NormalizationForm

    \value NormalizationForm_D  Canonical Decomposition
    \value NormalizationForm_C  Canonical Decomposition followed by Canonical Composition
    \value NormalizationForm_KD  Compatibility Decomposition
    \value NormalizationForm_KC  Compatibility Decomposition followed by Canonical Composition

    \sa normalized(),
        {http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/}{Unicode Standard Annex #15}
*/

/*!
    Returns the string in the given Unicode normalization \a form.
*/
05346 QString QString::normalized(NormalizationForm form) const
{
    return QUnicodeTables::normalize(*this, form);
}

/*!
    \overload

    Returns the string in the given Unicode normalization \a form,
    according to the given \a version of the Unicode standard.
*/
05357 QString QString::normalized(NormalizationForm form, QChar::UnicodeVersion version) const
{
    return QUnicodeTables::normalize(*this, form, version);
}

struct ArgEscapeData
{
    int min_escape;            // lowest escape sequence number
    int occurrences;           // number of occurrences of the lowest escape sequence number
    int locale_occurrences;    // number of occurrences of the lowest escape sequence number that
                               // contain 'L'
    int escape_len;            // total length of escape sequences which will be replaced
};

static ArgEscapeData findArgEscapes(const QString &s)
{
    const QChar *uc_begin = s.unicode();
    const QChar *uc_end = uc_begin + s.length();

    ArgEscapeData d;

    d.min_escape = INT_MAX;
    d.occurrences = 0;
    d.escape_len = 0;
    d.locale_occurrences = 0;

    const QChar *c = uc_begin;
    while (c != uc_end) {
        while (c != uc_end && c->unicode() != '%')
            ++c;

        if (c == uc_end)
            break;
        const QChar *escape_start = c;
        if (++c == uc_end)
            break;

        bool locale_arg = false;
        if (c->unicode() == 'L') {
            locale_arg = true;
            if (++c == uc_end)
                break;
        }

        if (c->digitValue() == -1)
            continue;

        int escape = c->digitValue();
        ++c;

        if (c != uc_end && c->digitValue() != -1) {
            escape = (10 * escape) + c->digitValue();
            ++c;
        }

        if (escape > d.min_escape)
            continue;

        if (escape < d.min_escape) {
            d.min_escape = escape;
            d.occurrences = 0;
            d.escape_len = 0;
            d.locale_occurrences = 0;
        }

        ++d.occurrences;
        if (locale_arg)
            ++d.locale_occurrences;
        d.escape_len += c - escape_start;
    }
    return d;
}

static QString replaceArgEscapes(const QString &s, const ArgEscapeData &d, int field_width,
                                 const QString &arg, const QString &larg, const QChar &fillChar = QLatin1Char(' '))
{
    const QChar *uc_begin = s.unicode();
    const QChar *uc_end = uc_begin + s.length();

    int abs_field_width = qAbs(field_width);
    int result_len = s.length()
                     - d.escape_len
                     + (d.occurrences - d.locale_occurrences)
                     *qMax(abs_field_width, arg.length())
                     + d.locale_occurrences
                     *qMax(abs_field_width, larg.length());

    QString result;
    result.resize(result_len);
    QChar *result_buff = (QChar*) result.unicode();

    QChar *rc = result_buff;
    const QChar *c = uc_begin;
    int repl_cnt = 0;
    while (c != uc_end) {
        /* We don't have to check if we run off the end of the string with c,
           because as long as d.occurrences > 0 we KNOW there are valid escape
           sequences. */

        const QChar *text_start = c;

        while (c->unicode() != '%')
            ++c;

        const QChar *escape_start = c++;

        bool locale_arg = false;
        if (c->unicode() == 'L') {
            locale_arg = true;
            ++c;
        }

        int escape = c->digitValue();
        if (escape != -1) {
            if (c + 1 != uc_end && (c + 1)->digitValue() != -1) {
                escape = (10 * escape) + (c + 1)->digitValue();
                ++c;
            }
        }

        if (escape != d.min_escape) {
            memcpy(rc, text_start, (c - text_start)*sizeof(QChar));
            rc += c - text_start;
        }
        else {
            ++c;

            memcpy(rc, text_start, (escape_start - text_start)*sizeof(QChar));
            rc += escape_start - text_start;

            uint pad_chars;
            if (locale_arg)
                pad_chars = qMax(abs_field_width, larg.length()) - larg.length();
            else
                pad_chars = qMax(abs_field_width, arg.length()) - arg.length();

            if (field_width > 0) { // left padded
                for (uint i = 0; i < pad_chars; ++i)
                    (rc++)->unicode() = fillChar.unicode();
            }

            if (locale_arg) {
                memcpy(rc, larg.unicode(), larg.length()*sizeof(QChar));
                rc += larg.length();
            }
            else {
                memcpy(rc, arg.unicode(), arg.length()*sizeof(QChar));
                rc += arg.length();
            }

            if (field_width < 0) { // right padded
                for (uint i = 0; i < pad_chars; ++i)
                    (rc++)->unicode() = fillChar.unicode();
            }

            if (++repl_cnt == d.occurrences) {
                memcpy(rc, c, (uc_end - c)*sizeof(QChar));
                rc += uc_end - c;
                Q_ASSERT(rc - result_buff == result_len);
                c = uc_end;
            }
        }
    }
    Q_ASSERT(rc == result_buff + result_len);

    return result;
}

/*!
    This function returns a copy of this string where \a a replaces
    the lowest numbered occurrence of \c %1, \c %2, ..., \c %99.

    The \a fieldWidth value specifies the minimum amount of space that
    \a a is padded to and filled with the character \a fillChar. A
    positive value will produce right-aligned text, whereas a negative
    value will produce left-aligned text.

    The following example shows how we could create a 'status' string
    when processing a list of files:

    \code
        QString status = QString("Processing file %1 of %2: %3")
                            .arg(i)         // current file's number
                            .arg(total)     // number of files to process
                            .arg(fileName); // current file's name
    \endcode

    It is generally fine to use file names and numbers as we have
    done in the example above. But note that using arg() to construct
    natural language sentences does not usually translate well into
    other languages because sentence structure and word order often
    differ between languages.

    If there is no place marker (\c %1, \c %2, etc.), a warning
    message is output and the result is undefined.
    Note that only placeholders between \c %1 and \c %99 are supported.
*/
05554 QString QString::arg(const QString &a, int fieldWidth, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    ArgEscapeData d = findArgEscapes(*this);

    if (d.occurrences == 0) {
        qWarning("QString::arg(): Argument missing: %s, %s", toLocal8Bit().data(),
                  a.toLocal8Bit().data());
        return *this;
    }
    return replaceArgEscapes(*this, d, fieldWidth, a, a, fillChar);
}

/*!
    \fn QString QString::arg(const QString& a1, const QString& a2) const
    \overload

    This is the same as str.arg(\a a1).arg(\a a2), except that
    the strings are replaced in one pass. This can make a difference
    if \a a1 contains e.g. \c{%1}:

    \code
        QString str = "%1 %2";
        str.arg("%1f", "Hello");        // returns "%1f Hello"
        str.arg("%1f").arg("Hello");    // returns "Hellof"
    \endcode
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::arg(const QString& a1, const QString& a2, const QString& a3) const
    \overload

    This is the same as calling str.arg(\a a1).arg(\a a2).arg(\a a3),
    except that the strings are replaced in one pass.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::arg(const QString& a1, const QString& a2, const QString& a3, const QString& a4) const
    \overload

    This is the same as calling str.arg(\a a1).arg(\a a2).arg(\a
    a3).arg(\a a4), except that the strings are replaced in one pass.
*/

/*! \fn QString QString::arg(int a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    \a a is expressed in base \a base, which is 10 by default and must
    be between 2 and 36.

    The \a fieldWidth value specifies the minimum amount of space that
    \a a is padded to and filled with the character \a fillChar. A
    positive value will produce a right-aligned number, whereas a
    negative value will produce a left-aligned number.

    The '%' can be followed by an 'L', in which case the sequence is
    replaced with a localized representation of \a a. The conversion uses
    the default locale, set by QLocale::setDefaultLocale(). If no default
    locale was specified, the "C" locale is used. The 'L' flag is ignored
    if \a base is not 10.

    \code
        QString str;
        str = QString("Decimal 63 is %1 in hexadecimal")
                .arg(63, 0, 16);
        // str == "Decimal 63 is 3f in hexadecimal"

        QLocale::setDefaultLocale(QLocale::English, QLocale::UnitedStates);
        str = QString("%1 %L2 %L3")
                .arg(12345)
                .arg(12345)
                .arg(12345, 0, 16);
        // str == "12345 12,345 3039"
    \endcode
*/

/*! \fn QString QString::arg(uint a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/

/*! \fn QString QString::arg(long a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    The \a fieldWidth value specifies the minimum amount of space that
    \a a is padded to and filled with the character \a fillChar. A
    positive value will produce a right-aligned number, whereas a
    negative value will produce a left-aligned number.

    \a a is expressed in base \a base, which is 10 by default and must
    be between 2 and 36.

    The '%' can be followed by an 'L', in which case the sequence is
    replaced with a localized representation of \a a. The conversion
    uses the default locale. The default locale is determined from the
    system's locale settings at application startup. It can be changed
    using QLocale::setDefault(). The 'L' flag is ignored if \a base is
    not 10.

    \code
        QString str;
        str = QString( "Decimal 63 is %1 in hexadecimal" )
                .arg( 63, 0, 16 );
        // str == "Decimal 63 is 3f in hexadecimal"

        QLocale::setDefault(QLocale::English, QLocale::UnitedStates);
        str = QString( "%1 %L2 %L3" )
                .arg( 12345 )
                .arg( 12345 )
                .arg( 12345, 0, 16 );
        // str == "12345 12,345 3039"
    \endcode
*/

/*! \fn QString QString::arg(ulong a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/

/*!
    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/
05689 QString QString::arg(qlonglong a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    ArgEscapeData d = findArgEscapes(*this);

    if (d.occurrences == 0) {
        qWarning("QString::arg(): Argument missing: %s, %lld", toLocal8Bit().data(), a);
        return *this;
    }

    QString arg;
    if (d.occurrences > d.locale_occurrences)
        arg = number(a, base);

    QString locale_arg;
    if (d.locale_occurrences > 0) {
        QLocale locale;
        locale_arg = locale.d->longLongToString(a, -1, base, -1, QLocalePrivate::ThousandsGroup);
    }

    return replaceArgEscapes(*this, d, fieldWidth, arg, locale_arg, fillChar);
}

/*!
    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/
05718 QString QString::arg(qulonglong a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    ArgEscapeData d = findArgEscapes(*this);

    if (d.occurrences == 0) {
        qWarning("QString::arg(): Argument missing: %s, %llu", toLocal8Bit().data(), a);
        return *this;
    }

    QString arg;
    if (d.occurrences > d.locale_occurrences)
        arg = number(a, base);

    QString locale_arg;
    if (d.locale_occurrences > 0) {
        QLocale locale;
        locale_arg = locale.d->unsLongLongToString(a, -1, base, -1, QLocalePrivate::ThousandsGroup);
    }

    return replaceArgEscapes(*this, d, fieldWidth, arg, locale_arg, fillChar);
}

/*!
    \fn QString QString::arg(short a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::arg(ushort a, int fieldWidth, int base, const QChar &fillChar) const

    \overload

    \a base is the base to use when converting the integer \a a into a
    string. \a base must be between 2 and 36, with 8 giving octal, 10
    decimal, and 16 hexadecimal numbers.
*/

/*!
    \overload
*/
05763 QString QString::arg(QChar a, int fieldWidth, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    QString c;
    c += a;
    return arg(c, fieldWidth, fillChar);
}

/*!
    \overload

    \a a is interpreted as a Latin-1 character.
*/
05775 QString QString::arg(char a, int fieldWidth, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    QString c;
    c += QLatin1Char(a);
    return arg(c, fieldWidth, fillChar);
}

/*!
    \overload

    \target arg-formats

    Argument \a a is formatted according to the \a fmt format specified,
    which is 'g' by default and can be any of the following:

    \table
    \header \i Format \i Meaning
    \row \i \c e \i format as [-]9.9e[+|-]999
    \row \i \c E \i format as [-]9.9E[+|-]999
    \row \i \c f \i format as [-]9.9
    \row \i \c g \i use \c e or \c f format, whichever is the most concise
    \row \i \c G \i use \c E or \c f format, whichever is the most concise
    \endtable

    With 'e', 'E', and 'f', \a prec is the number of digits after the
    decimal point. With 'g' and 'G', \a prec is the maximum number of
    significant digits (trailing zeroes are omitted).

    \code
        double d = 12.34;
        QString str = QString("delta: %1").arg(d, 0, 'E', 3);
        // str == "delta: 1.234E+01"
    \endcode

    The '%' can be followed by an 'L', in which case the sequence is
    replaced with a localized representation of \a a. The conversion uses
    the default locale, set by QLocale::setDefaultLocale(). If no default
    locale was specified, the "C" locale is used.
*/
05814 QString QString::arg(double a, int fieldWidth, char fmt, int prec, const QChar &fillChar) const
{
    ArgEscapeData d = findArgEscapes(*this);

    if (d.occurrences == 0) {
        qWarning("QString::arg(): Argument missing: %s, %g", toLocal8Bit().data(), a);
        return *this;
    }

    QString arg;
    if (d.occurrences > d.locale_occurrences)
        arg = number(a, fmt, prec);

    QString locale_arg;
    if (d.locale_occurrences > 0) {
        QLocale locale;

        QLocalePrivate::DoubleForm form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal;
        uint flags = 0;

        if (qIsUpper(fmt))
            flags = QLocalePrivate::CapitalEorX;
        fmt = qToLower(fmt);

        switch (fmt) {
            case 'f':
                form = QLocalePrivate::DFDecimal;
                break;
            case 'e':
                form = QLocalePrivate::DFExponent;
                break;
            case 'g':
                form = QLocalePrivate::DFSignificantDigits;
                break;
            default:
#if defined(QT_CHECK_RANGE)
                qWarning("QString::arg: Invalid format char '%c'", fmt);
#endif
                break;
        }

        flags |= QLocalePrivate::ThousandsGroup;

        locale_arg = locale.d->doubleToString(a, prec, form, -1, flags);
    }

    return replaceArgEscapes(*this, d, fieldWidth, arg, locale_arg, fillChar);
}


QString QString::multiArg(int numArgs, const QString **args) const
{
    QString result;
    union {
        int digitUsed[10];
        int argForDigit[10];
    };
    const QChar *uc = (const QChar*) d->data;
    const int len = d->size;
    const int end = len - 1;
    int lastDigit = -1;
    int i;

    memset(digitUsed, 0, sizeof(digitUsed));

    for (i = 0; i < end; i++) {
        if (uc[i] == QLatin1Char('%')) {
            int digit = uc[i + 1].unicode() - '0';
            if (digit >= 0 && digit <= 9)
                digitUsed[digit]++;
        }
    }

    for (i = 0; i < numArgs; i++) {
        do {
            ++lastDigit;
        } while (lastDigit < 10 && digitUsed[lastDigit] == 0);

        if (lastDigit == 10) {
            qWarning("QString::arg(): Argument missing: %s, %s", toLocal8Bit().data(), args[i]->toLocal8Bit().data());
            numArgs = i;
            lastDigit = 9;
            break;
        }
        argForDigit[lastDigit] = i;
    }

    i = 0;
    while (i < len) {
        if (uc[i] == QLatin1Char('%') && i != end) {
            int digit = uc[i + 1].unicode() - '0';
            if (digit >= 0 && digit <= lastDigit) {
                result += *args[argForDigit[digit]];
                i += 2;
                continue;
            }
        }
        result += uc[i++];
    }
    return result;
}



/*! \internal
 */
05920 void QString::updateProperties() const
{
    ushort *p = d->data;
    ushort *end = p + d->size;
    d->simpletext = true;
    while (p < end) {
        ushort uc = *p;
        // sort out regions of complex text formatting
        if (uc > 0x058f && (uc < 0x1100 || uc > 0xfb0f)) {
            d->simpletext = false;
        }
        p++;
    }

    p = d->data;
    d->righttoleft = false;
    while (p < end) {
        switch(::direction(*p))
        {
        case QChar::DirL:
        case QChar::DirLRO:
        case QChar::DirLRE:
            goto end;
        case QChar::DirR:
        case QChar::DirAL:
        case QChar::DirRLO:
        case QChar::DirRLE:
            d->righttoleft = true;
            goto end;
        default:
            break;
        }
        ++p;
    }
 end:
    d->clean = true;
    return;
}

/*! \fn bool QString::isSimpleText() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn bool QString::isRightToLeft() const

    \internal
*/

/*! \fn QChar *QString::data()

    Returns a pointer to the data stored in the QString. The pointer
    can be used to access and modify the characters that compose the
    string. For convenience, the data is '\\0'-terminated.

    The pointer remains valid as long as the string isn't modified
    by other means.

    Example:
    \code
        QString str = "Hello world";
        QChar *data = str.data();
        while (*data) {
            qDebug() << data->unicode();
            ++data;
        }
    \endcode

    \sa constData(), operator[]()
*/

/*! \fn const QChar *QString::data() const

    \overload
*/

/*! \fn const QChar *QString::constData() const

    Returns a pointer to the data stored in the QString. The pointer
    can be used to access the characters that compose the string. For
    convenience, the data is '\\0'-terminated.

    The pointer remains valid as long as the string isn't modified.

    \sa data(), operator[]()
*/

/*! \fn void QString::push_front(const QString &other)

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to prepend(\a other).
*/

/*! \fn void QString::push_front(QChar ch)

    \overload

    Same as prepend(\a ch).
*/

/*! \fn void QString::push_back(const QString &other)

    This function is provided for STL compatibility. It is equivalent
    to append(\a other).
*/

/*! \fn void QString::push_back(QChar ch)

    \overload

    Same as append(\a ch).
*/

/*! \fn std::string QString::toStdString() const

    Returns a std::string object with the data contained in this
    QString. The Unicode data is converted into 8-bit characters
    using toAscii().

    This operator is mostly useful to pass a QString to a function
    that accepts a std::string object.

    If the QString contains non-ASCII Unicode characters, using this
    operator can lead to loss of information. You can disable this
    operator by defining \c QT_NO_CAST_TO_ASCII when you compile your
    applications. You then need to call toAscii() (or toLatin1() or
    toUtf8() or toLocal8Bit()) explicitly if you want to convert the data
    to \c{const char *} and pass the return value on to the
    std::string constructor.

    This operator is only available if Qt is configured with STL
    compatibility enabled.

    \sa toAscii(), toLatin1(), toUtf8(), toLocal8Bit()
*/

/*!
    Constructs a QString that uses the first \a size Unicode
    characters in the array \a unicode. The data in \a unicode is \e
    not copied. The caller must be able to guarantee that \a unicode
    will not be deleted or modified as long as the QString (or an
    unmodified copy of it) exists.

    Any attempts to modify the QString or copies of it will cause it
    to create a deep copy of the data, ensuring that the raw data
    isn't modified.

    Here's an example of how we can use a QRegExp on raw data in
    memory without requiring to copy the data into a QString:

    \code
        static const QChar unicode[] = {
            0x005A, 0x007F, 0x00A4, 0x0060, 0x1009, 0x0020,
            ...
            0x0020
        };
        int size = sizeof(unicode) / sizeof(QChar);

        QString str = QString::fromRawData(unicode, size);
        if (str.contains(QRegExp(pattern)))
        ...
    \endcode

    \warning A string created with fromRawData() is \e not
    '\\0'-terminated, unless the raw data contains a '\\0' character
    at position \a size. This means unicode() will \e not return a
    '\\0'-terminated string (although utf16() does, at the cost of
    copying the raw data).

    \sa fromUtf16()
*/
06091 QString QString::fromRawData(const QChar *unicode, int size)
{
    Data *x = static_cast<Data *>(qMalloc(sizeof(Data)));
    if (unicode) {
        x->data = (ushort *)unicode;
    } else {
        x->data = x->array;
        size = 0;
    }
    x->ref.init(1);
    x->alloc = x->size = size;
    *x->array = '\0';
    x->clean = x->asciiCache = x->simpletext = x->righttoleft = 0;
    return QString(x, 0);
}

/*! \class QLatin1String
    \brief The QLatin1String class provides a thin wrapper around an ASCII/Latin-1 encoded string literal.

    \ingroup text
    \reentrant

    Many of QString's member functions are overloaded to accept
    \c{const char *} instead of QString. This includes the copy
    constructor, the assignment operator, the comparison operators,
    and various other functions such as \link QString::insert()
    insert() \endlink, \link QString::replace() replace()\endlink,
    and \link QString::indexOf() indexOf()\endlink. These functions
    are usually optimized to avoid constructing a QString object for
    the \c{const char *} data. For example, assuming \c str is a
    QString,

    \code
        if (str == "auto" || str == "extern"
                || str == "static" || str == "register") {
            ...
        }
    \endcode

    is much faster than

    \code
        if (str == QString("auto") || str == QString("extern")
                || str == QString("static") || str == QString("register")) {
            ...
        }
    \endcode

    because it doesn't construct four temporary QString objects and
    make a deep copy of the character data.

    Applications that define \c QT_NO_CAST_FROM_ASCII (as explained
    in the QString documentation) don't have access to QString's
    \c{const char *} API. To provide an efficient way of specifying
    constant Latin-1 strings, Qt provides the QLatin1String, which is
    just a very thin wrapper around a \c{const char *}. Using
    QLatin1String, the example code above becomes

    \code
        if (str == QLatin1String("auto")
                || str == QLatin1String("extern")
                || str == QLatin1String("static")
                || str == QLatin1String("register") {
            ...
        }
    \endcode

    This is a bit longer to type, but it provides exactly the same
    benefits as the first version of the code, and is faster than
    converting the Latin-1 strings using QString::fromLatin1().

    Thanks to the QString(const QLatin1String &) constructor,
    QLatin1String can be used everywhere a QString is expected. For example:

    \code
        QLabel *label = new QLabel(QLatin1String("MOD"), this);
    \endcode

    \sa QString, QLatin1Char
*/

/*! \fn QLatin1String::QLatin1String(const char *str)

    Constructs a QLatin1String object that stores \a str.

    The string data is \e not copied. The caller must be able to
    guarantee that \a str will not be deleted or modified as long as
    the QLatin1String object exists.

    \sa latin1()
*/

/*!
    \since 4.1
    \fn QLatin1String &QLatin1String::operator=(const QLatin1String &other)

    Constructs a copy of \a other.
*/

/*! \fn const char *QLatin1String::latin1() const

    Returns the Latin-1 string stored in this object.
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator==(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is equal to string \a other;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator!=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is not equal to string \a other;
    otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator>(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically greater than string \a
    other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator<(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically less than string \a
    other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator>=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically greater than or equal
    to string \a other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

/*! \fn bool QLatin1String::operator<=(const QString &other) const

    Returns true if this string is lexically less than or equal
    to string \a other; otherwise returns false.

    The comparison is based exclusively on the numeric Unicode values
    of the characters and is very fast, but is not what a human would
    expect. Consider sorting user-interface strings with
    QString::localeAwareCompare().
*/

#ifndef QT_NO_DATASTREAM
/*!
    \relates QString

    Writes the string \a str to the stream \a out.

    \sa \link datastreamformat.html Format of the QDataStream operators \endlink
*/

06270 QDataStream &operator<<(QDataStream &out, const QString &str)
{
    if (out.version() == 1) {
        out << str.toLatin1();
    } else {
        if (!str.isNull() || out.version() < 3) {
            int byteOrder = out.byteOrder();
            const QChar* ub = str.unicode();
            static const uint auto_size = 1024;
            char t[auto_size];
            char *b;
            if (str.length()*sizeof(QChar) > auto_size) {
                b = new char[str.length()*sizeof(QChar)];
            } else {
                b = t;
            }
            int l = str.length();
            char *c=b;
            while (l--) {
                if (byteOrder == QDataStream::BigEndian) {
                    *c++ = (char)ub->row();
                    *c++ = (char)ub->cell();
                } else {
                    *c++ = (char)ub->cell();
                    *c++ = (char)ub->row();
                }
                ub++;
            }
            out.writeBytes(b, sizeof(QChar)*str.length());
            if (str.length()*sizeof(QChar) > auto_size)
                delete [] b;
        } else {
            // write null marker
            out << (quint32)0xffffffff;
        }
    }
    return out;
}

/*!
    \relates QString

    Reads a string from the stream \a in into string \a str.

    \sa \link datastreamformat.html Format of the QDataStream operators \endlink
*/

06317 QDataStream &operator>>(QDataStream &in, QString &str)
{
#ifdef QT_QSTRING_UCS_4
#if defined(Q_CC_GNU)
#warning "operator>> not working properly"
#endif
#endif

    if (in.version() == 1) {
        QByteArray l;
        in >> l;
        str = QString::fromLatin1(l);
    } else {
        quint32 bytes = 0;
        in >> bytes;                                  // read size of string
        if (bytes == 0xffffffff) {                    // null string
            str.clear();
        } else if (bytes > 0) {                       // not empty
            if (bytes & 0x1) {
                str.clear();
                in.setStatus(QDataStream::ReadCorruptData);
                return in;
            }

            const quint32 Step = 1024 * 1024;
            quint32 len = bytes / 2;
            quint32 allocated = 0;

            while (allocated < len) {
                int blockSize = qMin(Step, len - allocated);
                str.resize(allocated + blockSize);
                if (in.readRawData(reinterpret_cast<char *>(str.data()) + allocated * 2,
                                   blockSize * 2) != blockSize * 2) {
                    str.clear();
                    in.setStatus(QDataStream::ReadPastEnd);
                    return in;
                }
                allocated += blockSize;
            }

            if ((in.byteOrder() == QDataStream::BigEndian)
                    != (QSysInfo::ByteOrder == QSysInfo::BigEndian)) {
                ushort *data = reinterpret_cast<ushort *>(str.data());
                while (len--) {
                    *data = (*data >> 8) | (*data << 8);
                    ++data;
                }
            }
        } else {
            str = QLatin1String("");
        }
    }
    return in;
}
#endif // QT_NO_DATASTREAM

/*!
    \fn void QString::setLength(int nl)

    Use resize() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::copy() const

    Use simple assignment instead. QString is implicitly shared so if
    a copy is modified only the copy is changed.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::remove(QChar c, bool cs)

    Use the remove(QChar, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::remove(const QString  &s, bool cs)

    Use the remove(QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::replace(QChar c, const QString  &after, bool cs)

    Use the replace(QChar, QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::replace(const QString &before, const QString &after, bool cs)

    Use the replace(QString, QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::replace(char c, const QString &after, bool cs)

    Use the replace(QChar, QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::replace(char c, const QString &after, Qt::CaseSensitivity cs)

    Use the replace(QChar, QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::find(QChar c, int i = 0, bool cs = true) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::find(const QString &s, int i = 0, bool cs = true) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::findRev(QChar c, int i = -1, bool cs = true) const

    Use lastIndexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::findRev(const QString &s, int i = -1, bool cs = true) const

    Use lastIndexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::find(const QRegExp &rx, int i=0) const

    Use indexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn int QString::findRev(const QRegExp &rx, int i=-1) const

    Use lastIndexOf() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QBool QString::contains(QChar c, bool cs) const

    Use the contains(QChar, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QBool QString::contains(const QString &s, bool cs) const

    Use the contains(QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QString::startsWith(const QString &s, bool cs) const

    Use the startsWith(QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn bool QString::endsWith(const QString &s, bool cs) const

    Use the endsWith(QString, Qt::CaseSensitive) overload instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::leftJustify(int width, QChar fill = QLatin1Char(' '), bool trunc=false) const

    Use leftJustified() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::rightJustify(int width, QChar fill = QLatin1Char(' '), bool trunc=false) const

    Use rightJustified() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::lower() const

    Use toLower() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::upper() const

    Use toUpper() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::stripWhiteSpace() const

    Use trimmed() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::simplifyWhiteSpace() const

    Use simplified() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::setUnicodeCodes(const ushort *unicode_as_ushorts, int size)

    Use setUtf16() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn ushort *QString::ucs2() const

    Use utf16() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString QString::fromUcs2(const ushort *unicode, int size = -1)

    Use fromUtf16() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::setAscii(const char *str, int len = -1)

    Use fromAscii() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString &QString::setLatin1(const char *str, int len = -1)

    Use fromLatin1() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QChar QString::constref(uint i) const

    Use at() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QChar &QString::ref(uint i);

    Use operator[]() instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn QString::operator const char *() const

    Use toAscii().constData() instead.
*/

/*!
    \class QConstString
    \brief The QConstString is a wrapper for constant Unicode string data.
    \compat

    In Qt 4, QConstString is replaced by QString::fromRawData(), a
    static function that constructs a QString object based on Unicode
    string data.

    Because QString::fromRawData() has slightly more stringent
    constranints than QConstString had in Qt 3, the new QConstString
    class takes a deep copy of the string data.

    \sa QString::fromRawData()
*/

/*!
    \fn QConstString::QConstString(const QChar *unicode, int size)

    Use QString(\a unicode, \a size) or
    QString::fromRawData(\a unicode, \a size) instead.
*/

/*!
    \fn const QString &QConstString::string() const

    Returns \c *this. Not necessary in Qt 4.
*/

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